I'm Your Captain (Closer to Home)

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"I'm Your Captain (Closer to Home)"
Single by Grand Funk Railroad
from the album Closer to Home
B-side "Aimless Lady"
Released July 1970
Recorded 1970
Genre Progressive rock
Length 9:58 (album)
5:31 (single)
Label Capitol
Writer(s) Mark Farner
Producer(s) Terry Knight
Grand Funk Railroad singles chronology
"Nothing is the Same"
(1970)
"I'm Your Captain (Closer to Home)"
(1970)
"Mean Mistreater"
(1970)

"I'm Your Captain (Closer to Home)" is an epic 1970 song written by American musician Mark Farner and recorded by Grand Funk Railroad as the closing track to their album Closer to Home. Ten minutes in duration, it is the band's longest studio recording. One of the group's best-known songs, it is composed as two distinct but closely related movements. Its title has been rendered in various ways across many different Grand Funk albums, including "I'm Your Captain", "I'm Your Captain/Closer to Home", "Closer to Home/I'm Your Captain", "Closer to Home (I'm Your Captain)", and "Closer to Home".[1]

The song conveys the pleas of a captain on a troubled sea voyage and facing a mutiny from his crew. Its use of an orchestra during the long repeated refrains of the closing movement served to differentiate it from much of Grand Funk's work. Several interpretations of the song have been given; most revolve around the Vietnam War, and "I'm Your Captain" is popular among veterans of that conflict. The record was a modest hit single when first released, but achieved greater airplay on progressive rock radio stations. It has become a classic rock staple and has appeared on several audience-selected lists as one of the best rock songs of all time.

Writing and recording[edit]

The song is composed in the compound binary form that was most popular, and used for several well-known songs, in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[2] The first movement opens with an electric guitar riff from Farner, which aspiring young guitarists of the time learned to imitate.[3] This soon changes into a strummed acoustic guitar paired with a distinctive lead bass line from Mel Schacher, set against a steady drumbeat from Don Brewer accompanied with occasional wah wah guitar flourishes. The chord changes go from D to G to G6/C.[3]

The story ostensibly deals with a ship's captain on a troubled voyage and facing a mutiny from his crew. Farner's vocal of the pleading lyric begins:

Everybody, listen to me, and return me, my ship
I'm your captain, I'm your captain, although I'm feeling, mighty sick.
I've been lost now, days uncounted ...
And it's months since, I've seen home.
Can you hear me, can you hear me? Or am I ... all alone.

The music has a bass break and then drops down to half time before resuming at its normal tempo. The protagonist's plight becomes worse, with the captain's pleas continuing while the unhappy crew members are approaching the point of murder.

At the 4½-minute mark the song switches to the second movement, which begins with the sounds of waves and gulls. The captain's voice is tinged with a sense of hopeless longing, perhaps even indicating that it is his ghost now singing:

I'm getting closer to my home ...
I'm getting closer to my home ...

Again the bass line carries the music, with now a flute line accompanying it. Soon the strings from the orchestra, make their entrance, featuring violins, violas, cellos, and basses. The second movement starts at a fairly slow tempo, before speeding up somewhat into its repeats.[2] The significant chord progression in this part is from C to B♭add9.[4] The movement's single lyric repeats over and over as a mantra, in the style of Van Morrison. Around the 7-minute mark a full orchestra appears to accompany the band to the gradually fading conclusion.

Unusually for him, Farner wrote the lyric of the song first, with the words coming to him in the middle of the night after saying prayers for inspiration to write something meaningful.[5] The chord changes to "I'm Your Captain" came to him the following morning between sips of coffee, and the following day he took it to the band.[5] They immediately liked it, but after a while had no ending for the second movement. They came upon the idea of using an orchestra, and hired Tommy Baker, an arranger and trumpet player who was working on the Cleveland television series Upbeat.[5] He suggested they extend the ending so that his orchestral score would have space to develop in,[5] and producer Terry Knight brought in the Cleveland Symphony Orchestra to record it.[6] The band members never heard the full version until Knight played it for them back in hometown Flint, Michigan.[7] Farner nearly cried when he heard it, and Brewer has said "We were just like, 'Wow!'"[5]

Reception[edit]

Released as a single with the title "Closer To Home", it was modestly successful in early fall 1970, reaching number 22 on the U.S. pop singles chart as the group's first top 40 hit single.[8] It was far more successful on progressive rock radio stations, such as those in New York, where its length and epic feel[9][10] were an asset and where it became a mainstay that appealed to a broad spectrum of rock fans outside Grand Funk's immediate listener base.[11][12] Its airplay helped the album reach the Top 10 of the U.S. albums chart within a month of its release.[13]

Decades later, "I'm Your Captain" remains a staple of many classic rock radio stations.[7] It is considered to be the standout track on the Closer to Home album[6] and by both Farner and others to be his best work as a songwriter.[14][15] And with its melodic strengths and dramatic feel it is often considered one of the best rock songs of all time;[3] in 1988, the listeners of legendary New York rock station WNEW-FM ranked it the 71st best song of all time,[16] while twenty years later in 2008, New York classic rock station Q104.3's listeners still ranked it the 112th best song of all time.[17]

Grand Funk Railroad were consistently despised by the rock critic establishment,[18] and "I'm Your Captain" got some of the same treatment.[6] In the 1979 Rolling Stone Record Guide, critic Dave Marsh relented only slightly by writing, "Wretched was the word to describe Grand Funk's music. Although the group occasionally achieve an interesting song—'I'm Your Captain' was about the best of the early ones ..."[18]

Themes and interpretations[edit]

Over the years many interpretations have been posed by listeners of "I'm Your Captain", including the literal one of mutiny on a voyage, but also ones involving drug addiction and ones by those who see resonance in Homer's Odyssey and themes of returning home, such as college students returning from a long semester.[19] Authors have seen the song as an "epic of paranoia and disease"[20] and as a tale of a man who had lost control of his life in a fashion strong enough to invoke childhood nightmares.[12] It has been used as the subtitle for a chapter of a novel dealing with war and addictions.[21] Comparisons have been made to Walt Whitman's poem "O Captain! My Captain!" in its use of the rank to mean Abraham Lincoln.[22]

Farner himself does not explicitly state what the song is about, and indeed prefers that listeners be able to use their own imaginations when listening to songs in general.[3] But the most common interpretations and resonances of "I'm Your Captain" revolve around the Vietnam War. VH1's Behind the Music said the song "became a subtle anti-war anthem".[13] Lee Andresen, author of Battle Notes: Music of the Vietnam War, sees it as portraying President Richard Nixon as "captain" of the United States, losing popular support for continuing the war.[22] Fellow Flint native Michael Moore remembers hearing it on the radio the day he went to his draft board (where he would file as a conscientious objector),[23] and hoping the I'm getting closer to my home refrains would never end, as he felt America was his home and not Vietnam.[13]

The song found a following too among American personnel in Vietnam, in part because the band's working-class Flint origins were similar to those of many Americans serving in the war.[13] It resonated with them as they tried to stay alive while waiting for the time when they could get closer to home,[14][24] and then when they were finally returning from the war.[25] It remains quite popular among Vietnam veterans and Farner has played it at several veterans' benefits.[14] Farner visited and performed at The Wall in November 2007, on the 25th anniversary of the memorial's dedication.[26][27] He later said, "The gig was a great spiritual and emotional experience. The 'Nam vets I had the privilege to speak to were so gracious and personal with me, as if we were relatives getting back together after a long time apart. As you could imagine, it was really hard for me to sing 'I'm Your Captain' because there was a softball stuck in my throat and I couldn't swallow it!"[25] In 2010, Farner sang the song accompanying himself on acoustic guitar at the Vietnam Veterans of America's National Leadership Conference, where he received the organization's President's Award for Excellence in the Arts.[28]

Later appearances[edit]

The song has been included on many Grand Funk live albums and compilations since it first appeared, including 1971's Mark, Don and Mel: 1969–71, 1975's Caught in the Act, 1991's Capitol Collectors Series, 1997's Bosnia, Thirty Years of Funk: 1969–1999, 2002's Classic Masters, a bonus track on the 2002 CD reissue of 1971's E Pluribus Funk, the archival Live: The 1971 Tour, and 2006's Greatest Hits.

The song has been a staple of Farner concert performances in the decades since its recording, with the younger generation of concert-goers still knowing all the words.[3] It received standing ovations when Farner played it as part of the third edition of Ringo Starr and His All-Starr Band in 1995,[29] and a similar reaction greeted it during the 1996 reunion tour of Grand Funk Railroad.[30]

The song has been recorded by the German power metal band Helloween as a track on their 1995 CD single "Sole Survivor". Perhaps the most unusual 'performance' of it was an improvised one with altered lyrics by an American Airlines pilot over a plane's PA system while awaiting permission to leave the gate. This performance too drew much applause.[31]

American radio personality Mark Thompson said in 1999 that the song "will be played for the rest of time."[13] Producer Terry Knight said in 2003 of the song, "I'm humbled by my part in that piece of history. 'Closer to Home' will never die, it'll be around forever."[7] Farner said in 2007, "It’s just one of those songs. It fit. Everything about it worked for that time and it still works today."[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The last of these is legally the title that Farner's music publisher registers the song as. See "Repertoire Search". BMI. Retrieved December 12, 2007.  However the song is best known by the formulations that capture both movements.
  2. ^ a b Stephenson, Ken (2002). What to Listen for in Rock: A Stylistic Analysis. Yale University Press. pp. 141–142. ISBN 0-300-09239-3. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Holland, Brian D. (April 27, 2007). "Mark Farner Interview". Modern Guitars Magazine. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  4. ^ Scott, Richard J. (2003). Chord Progressions for Songwriters. Universe Books. p. 140. ISBN 0-595-26384-4. 
  5. ^ a b c d e James, Billy (1999). An American Band: The Story of Grand Funk Railroad. SAF Publishing. pp. 30–31. ISBN 0-946719-26-8. 
  6. ^ a b c Carson, David A. (2006). Grit, Noise, and Revolution: The Birth of Detroit Rock 'n' Roll. University of Michigan Press. pp. 252–253. ISBN 0-472-03190-2. 
  7. ^ a b c Stoller, Barry (March 2003). "Terry Knight Interview". Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  8. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1983). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits: 1955 to present. Billboard Publications. p. 127. ISBN 0-8230-7511-7. 
  9. ^ Behe, Regis (August 31, 2006). "Grand Funk endures musical change". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. 
  10. ^ Tenpas, Jake (July 26, 2007). "Keep on chugging". Corvallis Gazette-Times. 
  11. ^ James, An American Band, pp. 48, 88.
  12. ^ a b Renner, David (2007). Memoirs of a Fool: Volume I. AuthorHouse. pp. 220–221. ISBN 1-4343-2008-1. 
  13. ^ a b c d e Grand Funk Railroad. VH1 Behind the Music. March 7, 1999. 
  14. ^ a b c Perry, Shawn. "The Mark Farner Interview". vintagerock.com. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  15. ^ "Getting Closer To Home : An Exclusive Interview With Founding Grand Funk Railroad Leader Mark Farner". Nightwatcher's House Of Rock. December 31, 2008. 
  16. ^ Firecracker 500. WNEW-FM pamphlet. July 4, 1988. 
  17. ^ "Top 1043 Songs of All Time". WAXQ. 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  18. ^ a b Dave Marsh, John Swenson (eds.) (1979). The Rolling Stone Record Guide. Random House/Rolling Stone Press. pp. 152–153. ISBN 0-394-73535-8. 
  19. ^ "Grand Funk Railroad: I'm Your Captain". SongMeanings.net. Retrieved March 27, 2009. 
  20. ^ Chang, Jeff (2005). Can't Stop, Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-hop Generation. Macmillan Books. p. 53. ISBN 0-312-42579-1. 
  21. ^ Sharkey, Jack (2005). Someone Else's Dream. Cloonfad Press. p. 202. ISBN 0-9744744-0-1. 
  22. ^ a b Andresen, Lee (2003). Battle Notes: Music of the Vietnam War (2nd ed.). Savage Press. p. 71. ISBN 1-886028-59-1. 
  23. ^ Moore, Michael (September 13, 2003). "A Citizen's Appeal to a General in a Time of War (at Home)". Common Dreams NewsCenter. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  24. ^ James, An American Band, p. 188.
  25. ^ a b Pullen, Doug (November 15, 2007). "Farner visits The Wall". The Flint Journal. Retrieved March 27, 2009. 
  26. ^ "Vietnam Veterans of America to Host Concert in Washington, D.C., in honor of 25th Anniversary of The Vietnam Veterans Memorial" (Press release). Vietnam Veterans of America. May 25, 2007. Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  27. ^ Leepson, Marc (November–December 2007). "A Great Day for Vietnam Veterans VVA’s Wall Anniversary Parade". The VVA Veteran (Vietnam Veterans of America). Retrieved March 29, 2009. 
  28. ^ "Rock Legend Mark Farner To Receive Award At Vietnam Veterans of America’s National Leadership Conference" (Press release). Vietnam Veterans of America. June 8, 2010. Retrieved January 12, 2011. 
  29. ^ James, An American Band, p. 152.
  30. ^ James, An American Band, p. 155.
  31. ^ Allan Zullo, Kathy Nelson (2002). The Smile-High Club: Outrageous But True Air Travel Stories. Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 38–39. ISBN 0-7407-2727-3.