I-10 Twin Span Bridge
|I-10 Twin Span Bridge|
The high-rise portion of the current I-10 Twin Spans under construction near the North Shore of Lake Pontchartrain, February 2009, with the old eastbound span also visible
|Other name(s)||The Twin Spans|
|Carries||6 lanes of I‑10|
|Locale||New Orleans and Slidell, Louisiana|
|Maintained by||LA DOTD|
|Total length||5.4 miles (8.7 km)|
|Width||60 feet (18 m) each span|
|Vertical clearance||30 feet (9.1 m) and 80-foot (24 m) at the bascule bridge section|
|Opened||July 9, 2009 (eastbound)
April 7, 2010 (westbound)
September 9, 2011 (completed)
The I-10 Twin Span Bridge, a nearly 6 mile causeway known locally as the Twin Spans (and officially the Frank Davis "Naturally N'Awlins" Memorial Bridge), consists of two parallel trestle bridges. These parallel bridges cross the eastern end of Lake Pontchartrain in southern Louisiana from New Orleans, Louisiana to Slidell, Louisiana. The current twin spans were constructed in the second half of the 2000s after the original bridges were extensively damaged by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. The first span opened to eastbound traffic on July 9, 2009. On April 7, 2010, the second span was opened to traffic and the old twin spans were permanently closed to traffic. The approaches to the westbound lanes were completed with a ribbon cutting ceremony on September 8, 2011 and the opening of all 6 lanes the next morning. The original Twin Span bridges were demolished shortly after the replacement spans opened. A short portion remains in use as a public fishing pier in Slidell. The debris from the demolition was used to line the nearby lake bottom as an underwater reef.
Original Twin Span
The original bridges were opened at a short ceremony on December 21, 1965 and were each constructed with 433 65-foot concrete segments. Each span was two lanes wide, and they had a clearance of 8.5 feet (2.6 m) for most of the bridge, with a 65 feet (20 m) clearance at the bascule bridge section.
After Hurricane Katrina on August 29, 2005, the old Twin Spans suffered extensive damage, as the rising storm surge had pulled or shifted bridge segments off their piers. The eastbound span was missing 38 segments with another 170 misaligned, while the westbound span was missing 26 segments with 265 misaligned. The damage to the Twin Spans and to U.S. Route 90 to the east left only one route into New Orleans from the east, the U.S. Route 11 bridge just west of the Twin Spans. The Louisiana Department of Transportation & Development (DOTD) accepted a bid of $30.9 million from Boh Brothers Construction Company on September 9, 2005 to reconstruct the bridges, starting with the less damaged westbound span. Phase 1 of the project was to reestablish two-way traffic on the eastbound span within 45 days. Scavenged bridge segments from the westbound span were used to fill in the gaps in the eastbound span. On October 10, 2005, the east span was reopened to traffic with one lane in each direction. The original contract planned for 43 days - the contractor completed the project 15 days ahead of schedule and was awarded a bonus of $1.1 million. Phase 2 of the project was occurring concurrently with Phase 1 and involved repairs to the westbound span. Prefabricated steel bridge spans were used on the westbound bridge in two areas to replace destroyed segments and segments used on the eastbound span. The west span reopened on January 6, 2006, returning four lanes of traffic to flow once again. Due to the prefabricated steel segments, there were both a 45-mile (72 km)-per-hour speed limit and weight restrictions on the westbound span. Additionally, the span was closed periodically for maintenance work, which is covered by Phase 3 of the original contract.
Current Twin Span
Following the extensive damages from Hurricane Katrina, it was decided that the old Twin Spans were too vulnerable to storm surge and that the long term solution would be to construct two new spans. Ground was broken on July 13, 2006 on the project which constructed two new bridges 300 feet (91 m) east of the old spans. This $803 million project constructed two three-lane bridges 30 feet (9.1 m) above the surface of Lake Ponchartrain, with an 80-foot (24 m) high rise near Slidell. Each span is 60 feet (18 m) wide, consisting of three 12-foot (3.7 m) lanes, and 12-foot (3.7 m) shoulders on each side.
The wider bridges eliminated the bottlenecking that occurred at both ends of the old bridges and also will be able to accommodate 50 percent more traffic than the old twin spans, according to the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development. The current bridges also feature traffic cameras and electronic message boards to alert motorists of any potential problems on the bridge, much like the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway bridge.
On October 30, 2008, as construction workers were preparing a form for a concrete pour, a girder collapsed sending 10 workers plunging into Lake Pontchartrain approximately 30 feet (9.1 m) below. One of the workers, Eric Troy Blackmon, who was tethered to the girder died in the accident.
- Duvernay, Adam. New Twin Spans eastbound to open July 9. nola.com, 6 July 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- Kelly, John. "Old I-10 twin spans to close Wednesday". nola.com, April 6, 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
- Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development press release
- Mouton, Doug. "Revamped Twin Spans to open several months early". wwltv.com, August 10, 2011. Retrieved August 12, 2011.
- Federal Highway Administration. "Previous Interstate Facts of the Day "Celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the Eisenhower Interstate Highway System."". Retrieved 2007-05-27.
- Reginald DesRoches, PhD, ed. (2007). Hurricane Katrina: Performance of Transportation Systems. Reston, VA: ASCE, TCLEE. ISBN 9780784408797.
- Monteverde, Daniel. New Heights. New Orleans Times-Picayune, 01 July, 2007. Retrieved July 7, 2007.
- Addleson, Jeff. Bridge worker dies after beam collapses on new Twin Spans; nine others injured. New Orleans Times-Picayune, 30 October 2008. Retrieved December 12, 2008.