||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Tri-State Tollway. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2013.|
Tri-State Toll Road
|Maintained by Illinois Tollway|
|Length:||53.42 mi (85.97 km)|
|Existed:||1957 (completed 1968) – present|
|South end:||I-80 / I-94 / IL 394 in South Holland|
| I-80 to I-57 in Hazel Crest
US 6 in Markham
US 12 / US 20 in Hickory Hills
US 12 / US 20 / US 45 in Justice
I-55 in Indian Head Park
US 34 in Western Springs
I-88 / I-290 / IL 110 in Hillside
US 20 in Berkeley
I-90 / I-190 in Rosemont
US 14 in Des Plaines
|North end:||I-94 in Northbrook|
Interstate 294 (I-294) is a tolled Interstate Highway in northeastern Illinois, U.S.A.. It forms the southern portion of the Tri-State Tollway in Illinois. I-294 runs from South Holland at Interstates 80 and 94, and Illinois Route 394 to Northbrook at I-94. Interstate 294 is 53.42 miles (85.97 km) long; 5.32 miles (8.56 km) are shared with I-80. It serves as a bypass around the city of Chicago. Interstate 294 is also the longest auxiliary route of Interstate 94, being 10 miles longer than Interstate 494 in Minneapolis-Saint Paul. Interstate 294 is also the longest auxiliary interstate highway in Illinois.
Interstate 294 has four of the Tri-State Tollway's five mainline barriers. These are located at:
- 163rd Street
- 82nd Street (Southbound)/83rd Street (Northbound)
- Cermak Road
- Irving Park Road (Illinois Route 19) (Southbound)/ Touhy Ave. (Northbound)
The fifth is on I-94 near Waukegan.
The full length of Interstate 294 is 8 lanes wide (4 lanes each direction). Prior to 2006, only the portion between O'Hare (Interstate 90) and 95th Street (U.S. 12/U.S. 20) was 8 lanes, with the remainder being 6 lanes. In 2009, The Illinois Tollway Authority completed reconstruction on the remainder of Interstate 294, expanding the tollway from 6 to 8 lanes from 95th Street to its Southern terminus at the Kingery Expressway, and from Interstate 90 to its Northern terminus at Interstate 94 in Northbrook.
The portion of the Borman Expressway that was completed from Gary westward and the Kingery Expressway were originally designated as I-80, 90, and 294 from shortly after the Interstate Highway program was enacted until about 1965, when the connection between the Borman and the Indiana Toll Road was completed, and I-90 was swapped with I-94 west of that junction (and east of where those routes share the same road in Chicago), cutting back I-294 to its current south terminus (eliminating the Indiana part of I-294). Indiana later proposed to extend Interstate 294 east on the current Borman Expressway to Indiana State Route 912, before having it turn north at that point, west at U.S. Highway 12, and then back to I-94, most likely somewhere on the Bishop Ford Expressway near 130th Street. The request was denied.
From 1991-1993, the 23 mile portion of Interstate 294 between Interstate 90 and U.S. Route 12/U.S. Route 20 (95th Street) was reconstructed and expanded from 6 to 8 lanes in each direction. In 2006, reconstruction to widen the Southern portion of the tollway, where I-80 and I-294 are multiplexed, was completed in conjunction with simultaneous projects on the Borman and Kingery Expressways, expanding this portion of the tollway from 6 to 8 lanes. By late 2009, additional reconstruction projects on the remainder of the tollway were completed, bringing the entire length of Interstate 294 to 8 lanes wide (4 lanes each direction).
Interstate 294 was built largely before the growth and maturation of the suburbs that run along Interstate 294. As a result, the vast majority of the interchanges are partial, or were configured to have entrance ramps feeding the toll plazas. "Gaps" between exit ramps are common, the 6.5 mile (10.5 kilometer) gap between Cicero Avenue (Illinois 50/83) and 95th Street (U.S. 12/20) being one of the more notable ones. Partial interchanges are located at Roosevelt Road (Illinois Route 38) (northbound exit, southbound entrance), Irving Park Road (Illinois 19) (southbound exit, northbound entrance), Touhy Avenue (northbound exit, southbound entrance), Dempster Street (U.S. 14) (northbound exit, southbound entrance), and Golf Road (Illinois 58) (southbound exit, northbound entrance). Several former partial interchanges have been converted to full interchanges, with automated toll collection facilities on the new ramps, such as at 159th Street (U.S. 6) (northbound on and southbound off added), and 95th Street (U.S. 12/20) (southbound on and northbound off added). The 79th Street exit was moved to 75th Street/Willow Springs Road, and made a complete interchange in the same manner.
As of 2013[update], Interstate 294 has no interchange with Interstate 57. However, as part of the $12 billion move Illinois capital project, one will be constructed, with Phase I being completed in 2013-2014.
The entire route is in Cook County.
|South Holland||0||0||—||I-80 east / I-94 east – Indiana||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|0||0||—||I-94 west / IL 394 south – Chicago, Danville||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|1||2||Chicago Southland Lincoln Oasis|
|East Hazel Crest||3||5||47||IL 1 (Halsted Street (800 West))|
|4||6||—||Dixie Highway||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|Hazel Crest||5||8||43–45||I-80 west to I-57 – Iowa||North end of I-80 overlap|
|6||10||163rd Street Toll Plaza|
|Markham||6.5||10.5||40||US 6 (159th Street)|
|Alsip||12||IL 50 (Cicero Avenue(4800 West)) / IL 83 (127th Street)|
|Hickory Hills||17.5||28.2||38||US 12 (95th Street) / US 20 / 76th Avenue|
|19.5||31.4||83rd Street Toll Plaza (northbound)|
|20||32||82nd Street Toll Plaza (southbound)|
|Justice||21||34||—||US 12 / US 20 / US 45 (LaGrange Road) / IL 171 (Archer Avenue)||Southbound entrance only|
|Des Plaines River||Mile-Long Bridge|
|Hodgkins||22||35||34||75th Street, Willow Springs Road (10800 West)|
|Indian Head Park||23||37||37||I-55 (Stevenson Expressway) – Chicago, St. Louis||No southbound entrance from I-55 south|
|24||39||—||Wolf Road (11200 West)||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Western Springs||28||45||—||US 34 (Ogden Avenue) – Downers Grove, LaGrange|
|Hillside||29||47||—||I-88 / IL 110 west (Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) – Aurora||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|29.5||47.5||—||Cermak Road, 22nd Street||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|30||48||Cermak Road Toll Plaza|
|30.5||49.1||—||IL 38 (Roosevelt Road (1200 South))||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|31||50||—||I-88 / IL 110 west (Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway) – Aurora||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|32||51||—||I-290 / IL 110 east (Eisenhower Expressway) – Chicago|
|Berkeley||34||55||—||I-290 west (Eisenhower Expressway) to US 20 / IL 64 – Rockford|
|Franklin Park||38||61||O'Hare Oasis|
|38.5||62.0||—||IL 19 (Irving Park Road (4000 North))||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|39||63||Irving Park Toll Plaza (southbound)|
|Rosemont||40||64||32||I-190 west (Kennedy Expressway) / River Road – O'Hare|
|41||66||31||I-90 (Jane Addams Memorial Tollway, Kennedy Expressway) – Rockford, Chicago|
|Park Ridge||42||68||Touhy Avenue Toll Plaza (northbound)|
|42||68||—||Touhy Avenue||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Des Plaines||44.5||71.6||—||US 14 (Dempster Street)||Northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|45||72||28||IL 58 (Golf Road)||Southbound exit and northbound entrance|
|24||I-94 east (Edens Expressway via Edens Spur) – Chicago|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2006). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08.
- P. Davis Szymczak (September 27, 1991). "Widening of Tri-State could begin in October". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
- "System Map". Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- "Toll Rates by Plaza (For Years 2009+)" (PDF). Illinois State Toll Highway Authority. Retrieved 2009-01-23.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Interstate 294.|