IBM Award

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
National Basketball Association awards and honors
Championship
Individual awards
Honors
Head shot of David Robinson
San Antonio Spurs center David Robinson won five IBM Awards.

The IBM Award was an award given out to National Basketball Association players from 1984 to 2002. The award was sponsored and calculated by technology company IBM and was determined by a computer formula, which measured a player's statistical contribution to his team. The player with the best contribution to his team in the league received the award.[1] The first recipient was Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers, and the final recipient was Tim Duncan of the San Antonio Spurs.

Most of the players who won the award have been forwards or centers; many finished near the top in rebounding the year they won.[2] The award was given out nineteen times, six times to players on the San Antonio Spurs, three times each to players on the Philadelphia 76ers and Los Angeles Lakers, and twice each to players on the Chicago Bulls and Detroit Pistons.[2] David Robinson won five IBM Awards, Charles Barkley won three, and Michael Jordan and Shaquille O'Neal won two each.[2]

All IBM Award winners who are eligible for the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame have been inducted.[3] Jordan, O’Neal, Robinson, Barkley, Johnson, Duncan, Karl Malone, and Hakeem Olajuwon also won NBA Most Valuable Player awards during their career; Robinson, O’Neal and Duncan won both awards in the same season.[4] Jordan, Robinson, Olajuwon, Dennis Rodman and Dikembe Mutombo have won the NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award; Olajuwon is the only player to win both in the same season.[5] Grant Hill is the only winner of the IBM Award who did not win an NBA MVP or Defensive Player of the Year Award sometime in his career.[6] O'Neal is the only player to win an IBM Award and an NBA title in the same season; he did this in both the 1999–00 and 2000–01 NBA seasons. Jordan and Robinson are the only players to win the IBM Award during their respective rookie seasons. Two of the award winners were born outside the United States - Olajuwon (Nigeria) and Mutombo (Zaire). Duncan was born in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The award was discontinued in 2002. Duncan is the only winner currently playing in the NBA.[7]

The IBM Award was originally named the Pivotal Player Award and was sponsored by the Schick razor company.[8]

Winners[edit]

Head shot of Charles Barkley
Philadelphia 76ers forward Charles Barkley won three IBM Awards.
Tim Duncan playing basketball
San Antonio Spurs forward-center Tim Duncan was the final recipient of the IBM Award.
^ Denotes player who is still active in the NBA
* Inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
Player (X) Denotes the number of times the player won the IBM Award
List of IBM Award Winners
Season Player Position Nationality Team
1983–84 Johnson, MagicMagic Johnson* Guard  United States Los Angeles Lakers
1984–85 Jordan, MichaelMichael Jordan* Guard  United States Chicago Bulls
1985–86 Barkley, CharlesCharles Barkley* Forward  United States Philadelphia 76ers
1986–87 Barkley, CharlesCharles Barkley* (2) Forward  United States Philadelphia 76ers
1987–88 Barkley, CharlesCharles Barkley* (3) Forward  United States Philadelphia 76ers
1988–89 Jordan, MichaelMichael Jordan* (2) Guard  United States Chicago Bulls
1989–90 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson* Center  United States San Antonio Spurs
1990–91 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson* (2) Center  United States San Antonio Spurs
1991–92 Rodman, DennisDennis Rodman* Forward  United States Detroit Pistons
1992–93 Olajuwon, HakeemHakeem Olajuwon*b Center  Nigeria[c] Houston Rockets
1993–94 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson* (3) Center  United States San Antonio Spurs
1994–95 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson* (4)a Center  United States San Antonio Spurs
1995–96 Robinson, DavidDavid Robinson* (5) Center  United States San Antonio Spurs
1996–97 Hill, GrantGrant Hill Forward  United States Detroit Pistons
1997–98 Malone, KarlKarl Malone* Forward  United States Utah Jazz
1998–99 Mutombo, DikembeDikembe Mutombo Center  Zaire[d] Atlanta Hawks
1999–00 O'Neal, ShaquilleShaquille O'Neal a Center  United States Los Angeles Lakers
2000–01 O'Neal, ShaquilleShaquille O'Neal (2) Center  United States Los Angeles Lakers
2001–02 Duncan, TimTim Duncan^ a e Forward-Center  United States San Antonio Spurs

Formula[edit]

The IBM Award was calculated with the following formula:[9]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

General (for list of winners and their teams)
  1. Rob Reheuser, ed. (2004). 2004–2005 Official NBA Guide. Corrie Anderson. St. Louis: Sporting News Books. p. 150. ISBN 0-89204-717-8. 
  2. "Association for Professional Basketball Research FAQ". Association for Professional Basketball Research. November 1, 2001. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
Specific
  1. ^ "Mutombo wins IBM award". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. May 9, 1999. Retrieved August 26, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Rob Reheuser, ed. (2004). 2004–2005 Official NBA Guide. Corrie Anderson. St. Louis: Sporting News Books. ISBN 0-89204-717-8. 
  3. ^ "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "NBA & ABA Most Valuable Players". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "NBA & ABA Defensive Player of the Year Award Winners". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Grant Hill at Basketball-Reference.com". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 20, 2011. 
  7. ^ "NBA & ABA Active Leaders and Records for Points". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved August 30, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Schick Special Advertising Section". USA Today. February 7, 1986. p. 8C. 
  9. ^ Gerry Brown, ed. (2003). 2003 ESPN Sports Almanac. Hyperion. p. 360. ISBN 0-7868-8715-X. 
  10. ^ "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio: 1984–2002". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved August 24, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved November 8, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Virgin Islands". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  13. ^ "NBA Players from around the world: 2005–2006 Season". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. Retrieved March 13, 2011.