IBM Award was an award given out to National Basketball Association players from 1984 to 2002. The award was sponsored and calculated by technology company IBM and was determined by a computer formula, which measured a player's statistical contribution to his team. The player with the best contribution to his team in the league received the award. The first recipient was [1 ] Magic Johnson of the Los Angeles Lakers, and the final recipient was Tim Duncan of the San Antonio Spurs.
Most of the players who won the award have been
forwards or centers; many finished near the top in rebounding the year they won. The award was given out nineteen times, six times to players on the [2 ] San Antonio Spurs, three times each to players on the Philadelphia 76ers and Los Angeles Lakers, and twice each to players on the Chicago Bulls and Detroit Pistons. [2 ] David Robinson won five IBM Awards, Charles Barkley won three, and Michael Jordan and Shaquille O'Neal won two each. [2 ]
All IBM Award winners who are eligible for the
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame have been inducted. Jordan, O’Neal, Robinson, Barkley, Johnson, Duncan, [3 ] Karl Malone, and Hakeem Olajuwon also won NBA Most Valuable Player awards during their career; Robinson, O’Neal and Duncan won both awards in the same season. Jordan, Robinson, Olajuwon, [4 ] Dennis Rodman and Dikembe Mutombo have won the NBA Defensive Player of the Year Award; Olajuwon is the only player to win both in the same season. [5 ] Grant Hill is the only winner of the IBM Award who did not win an NBA MVP or Defensive Player of the Year Award sometime in his career. O'Neal is the only player to win an IBM Award and an NBA title in the same season; he did this in both the [6 ] 1999–00 and 2000–01 NBA seasons. Jordan and Robinson are the only players to win the IBM Award during their respective rookie seasons. Two of the award winners were born outside the United States - Olajuwon ( Nigeria) and Mutombo ( Zaire). Duncan was born in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The award was discontinued in 2002. Duncan is the only winner currently playing in the NBA. [7 ]
The IBM Award was originally named the
Pivotal Player Award and was sponsored by the Schick razor company. [8 ]
Winners [ edit ]
San Antonio Spurs forward-center
was the final recipient of the IBM Award.
Formula [ edit ]
The IBM Award was calculated with the following formula:
References [ edit ]
General (for list of winners and their teams)
^ "Mutombo wins IBM award". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. May 9, 1999 . Retrieved August 26, 2011.
^ a b c Rob Reheuser, ed. (2004). 2004–2005 Official NBA Guide. Corrie Anderson. St. Louis: Sporting News Books. ISBN 0-89204-717-8.
^ "Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
^ a b "NBA & ABA Most Valuable Players". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
^ a b "NBA & ABA Defensive Player of the Year Award Winners". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
^ "Grant Hill at Basketball-Reference.com". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC . Retrieved August 20, 2011.
^ "NBA & ABA Active Leaders and Records for Points". Basketball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC . Retrieved August 30, 2011.
^ "Schick Special Advertising Section". . February 7, 1986. p. 8C. USA Today
^ Gerry Brown, ed. (2003). 2003 ESPN Sports Almanac. Hyperion. p. 360. ISBN 0-7868-8715-X.
^ "Hakeem Olajuwon Bio: 1984–2002". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc . Retrieved August 24, 2011.
^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". . Central Intelligence Agency The World Factbook . Retrieved November 8, 2009.
^ "Virgin Islands". CIA World Factbook . Retrieved August 12, 2008.
^ "NBA Players from around the world: 2005–2006 Season". NBA.com. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc . Retrieved March 13, 2011.