IBM JX

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IBM JX.jpg
IBM JX Personal Computer (IBM 5511)
Developer IBM
Release date October 1984 (1984-10)
Operating system PC DOS 2.1, Microsoft Disk BASIC, Advanced BASIC
CPU Intel 8088 @ 4.77MHz

The IBM JX (or JXPC) was a personal computer released in 1984 into the Japanese, Australian and New Zealand markets. Designed in Japan, it was based on the technology of the IBM PCjr and was designated the IBM 5511.

General[edit]

The IBM JX's main difference from the PCjr was a professional keyboard (rather than IBM PCjr's disparaged chiclet), dual 3.5" floppy drives, and a hard drive option.

Configuration[edit]

It had several innovative features:

In Japan, both white and black units were available, but elsewhere all IBM JXs were black—very unusual in the days of the standard color of IBM "beige boxes".

However, one disadvantage it shared with the IBM PCjr was that it could not use the standard ISA bus cards of the PC XT.

The system operated PC DOS 2.11 as well as, Microsoft Disk BASIC and Microsoft Advanced BASIC. Like the IBM PC, if the system was left to boot without inserting a diskette into one of the drives the Microsoft Cassette BASIC interpreter would be loaded, which was compatible with IBM PCjr BASIC, including Cartridge BASIC. PC DOS 2.11 could only use half of the tracks of a 3.5" drive, however, since it didn't really understand what a 3.5" drive even was. The PCjx's BIOS could only address the first 40 tracks like a 5.25" drive.

The PCjx later had a BIOS upgrade chip, sold together with PC DOS 3.21, which could use the full 720 KB capacity of the diskette drives. Some popular options for the PCjx were a 10 MB external hard disk (as a stackable unit the same size as the JX itself) and a joystick. IBM never released a 3270 emulation adapter for the PCjx in order to steer enterprise customers to more expensive IBM PCs and XTs.

External links[edit]