RS/6000

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RISC System/6000, or RS/6000 for short, is a family of RISC-based UNIX servers, workstations and supercomputers made by IBM in the 1990s. The RS/6000 family replaced the IBM RT computer platform in February 1990 and was the first computer line to see the use of IBM's POWER and PowerPC based microprocessors. RS/6000 was renamed eServer pSeries in October 2000.

History[edit]

AIX RS/6000 servers running ibm.com in early 1998

The first generations of RS/6000 systems used the Micro Channel bus technology but later models used PCI. Some later models used the standardized PReP and CHRP platforms, co-developed with Apple and Motorola, with Open Firmware. The plan was to enable the use of a multitude of operating systems such as Windows NT, NetWare, OS/2, Solaris, Taligent, AIX and Mac OS but in the end only IBM's UNIX variant AIX was used and supported on RS/6000. Linux is widely used on CHRP based RS/6000s, but support was added after the RS/6000 name was changed to eServer pSeries in 2000.

RS/6000 types of computers are the POWERserver servers, POWERstation workstations and Scalable POWERparallel supercomputer platform. While most machines were desktops, desksides, or rack mounted, there was a laptop model too, the Model 860. A lot of famous computers are RS/6000 based, such as the P2SC based Deep Blue supercomputer that beat world champion Garry Kasparov at chess in 1997 and the POWER3 based ASCI White which was the fastest computer in the world 2000-2002.

Models[edit]

Some models were marketed under the RS/6000 POWERstation and POWERserver names.

Type 7006[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 41T PowerPC 601 80 0 or 512 KB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1994-06-03[2] 1997-01-10[2]
Model 41W 1997-07-18[2]
Model 42T PowerPC 604 120 0 or 512 KB Up to 256 MB Desktop 1995-06-19[2] 1997-09-24[2]
Model 42W

Type 7007[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model N40 PowerPC 601 50  ? 16 to 64 MB[3] Notebook 1994-03-08 1997-06-30

The Model N40 was PowerPC-based notebook developed and manufactured by Tadpole Technology for IBM. It became available on 25 March 1994, priced at US$12,000. The internal batteries could power the system for 45 minutes only and an external battery pack was available for this reason.

Type 7008[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model M20 POWER1 33 None 16 to 64 MB All-in-one 1993-02-02 1995-01-06
Model M2A POWER1 33 None  ? All-in-one 1993-02-02 1994-10-16

These workstations were marketed under the PowerStation name.

Type 7009[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model C10 PowerPC 601 80 0 or 1 MB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-07-18
Model C1L  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model C20 PowerPC 604 120 1 MB 16 to 256 MB Desktop 1995-06-19 1998-01-30

Type 7010[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 160 PowerPC 603 66 ? 8 MB Xstation ? ?

This type was for Xstations, IBM's line of X terminal.

Type 7011[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 220 RSC 33 None ? Slimline Desktop 1992-01-21 1995-01-06
Model 22G ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 22W POWER1 33 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 223 ? ? ? Up to 64 MB ? ? ?
Model 230 RSC 45 128 KB ? Slimline Desktop 1993-05-18 1995-01-06
Model 23E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 23S POWER1 45 None ? ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 23T POWER1 45 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 23W POWER1 45 None Up to 64 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 250 PowerPC 601 66/80 [4] None 16 to 256 MB Slimline Desktop 1993-09-21 1997-07-18
Model 25E PowerPC 601 66 ? 16 to 256 MB Planar upgrade (for 220 and 230 families) ? ?
Model 25F PowerPC 601 80[5] ? 16 to 256 MB Planar upgrade (for 220, 230, and 66 MHz 250 families) ? ?
Model 25S PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 25T PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1997-07-18
Model 25W PowerPC 601 66/80 ? Up to 256 MB ? 1993-09-21 1996-10-25

Type 7012[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 320 POWER1 20 None 8 to 32 MB Desktop 1990-02-15 1992-10-28
Model 32E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 32H POWER1 25 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1991-03-12 1994-10-26
Model 340 POWER1 33 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1992-01-21 1994-11-04
Model 34H POWER1 41.6 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1993-07-13 1994-10-26
Model 34L ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 34R ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 350 POWER1 41 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1992-01-21 1993-08-18
Model 355 POWER1 41 None ? ? 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 35R ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 360 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 256 MB Desktop 1993-02-02 1994-11-04
Model 365 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 128 MB Desktop 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 36T POWER1+ 50 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 370 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 375 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 128 MB ? 1993-02-02 1994-10-26
Model 37T POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 256 MB ? 1993-05-18 1996-05-20
Model 380 POWER2+ 59 None/0.5 MB/1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1996-05-20
Model 390 POWER2+ 67 1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-07-18
Model 397 P2SC 160 ? 128 to 1024 MB Desktop 1997-10-06 1999-03-19
Model 39H POWER2 67 None/1 MB/2 MB[6] 64 to 512 MB Desktop 1995-02-07 1998-01-30
Model 39T ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model G02 ? ? ? ? Tower ? ?
Model G30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75 ? 32 to 512 MB Tower[5] 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model G40 PowerPC 604 (2 or 4) 112 ? 64 MB to 1 GB Tower 1996-07-23 1998-01-08

The 380, 390, and 39H servers correspond to the 3AT, 3BT, and 3CT workstations.

Type 7013[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 520 POWER1 20 None 8 to 128 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-04-21
Model 52E  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 52H POWER1 25 None Up to 512 MB Deskside 1992-01-21 1995-01-06
Model 530 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-01-02
Model 53H POWER1 33 None 32 to 512 MB HD3 (33 MHz) Deskside 1991-10-02 1993-08-18
Model 53E same as 53H [7] same same same same 1992-01-21  ?
Model 540 POWER1 30 None 64 to 256 MB Deskside 1990-02-15 1992-01-02
Model 550 POWER1 41.6 None 64 MB to 1 GB Deskside 1990-10-30 1993-08-18
Model 55E  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 55L POWER1 41.6 None Up to 256 MB Deskside 1993-05-18 1994-10-26
Model 55S  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 560 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 1 GB Deskside 1992-01-21 1993-12-21
Model 56F  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 570 POWER1+ 50 None Up to 1 GB Deskside 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 571  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 57F  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 57L  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 580 POWER1++ 62.5 None 64 MB to 1 GB Deskside 1992-09-22 1996-05-20
Model 58F same as 580 [8] same same same same 1992-11-27  ?
Model 58H POWER2 55.6 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1993-09-21 1996-10-25
Model 590 POWER2 66.7 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1993-09-21 1997-09-24
Model 591 POWER2 77 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1995-07-25 1997-07-18
Model 595 P2SC 135 None 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1996-10-08 1999-01-08
Model 59H POWER2+ 66.7 1 MB 64 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1994-05-24 1997-01-10
Model J01  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model J30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75  ? 128 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model J40 PowerPC 604 (2 to 8) 112 1 MB 128 MB to 2 GB Deskside 1996-08-30 1998-01-08
Model J50 PowerPC 604e (2 to 8) 200  ?  ? Deskside 1997-04-30 1999-01-08

Type 7015[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced[1] Discontinued[1]
Model 920 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 930 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Rack 1990-02-15 1992-07-15
Model 950 POWER1 41 ? Up to 512 MB Rack 1991-05-07 1993-12-21
Model 95E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 960 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 970 POWER1+ 50 ? Up to 1 GB Rack 1992-04-21 1993-08-18
Model 97B POWER1+ 50 ? ? Rack 1993-02-02 1995-01-06
Model 97E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 97F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 980 POWER1++ 62.5 None Up to 1 GB Rack 1992-09-22 1993-08-18
Model 98B POWER1++ 62.5 ? ? Rack 1993-02-02 1996-05-20
Model 98E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 98F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 990 POWER2 71.5 None 128 MB to 2 GB Rack 1993-09-21 1996-05-20
Model 99E ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99F ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99J ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model 99K ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R10 POWER1+ 50 None 128 MB to 1 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1996-05-20
Model R20 POWER2+ 66 1 MB 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1998-01-30
Model R21 POWER2 77  ?  ? 6U Rackmount 1995-07-25 1996-10-25
Model R24 POWER2+ 71.5 2 MB 128 MB to 2 GB 10U Rackmount 1994-05-24 1998-01-30
Model R30 PowerPC 601 (2 or 4) 75 ? 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1994-10-04 1996-10-23
Model R40 PowerPC 604 (2 to 8) 112 ? 128 MB to 2 GB 6U Rackmount 1996-07-23 1998-01-08
Model R4U ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Model R50 PowerPC 604e (2 to 8) 200 ? Up to 4 GB 6U Rackmount 1997-04-15 2000-08-15
Model R5U ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7016[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 730 POWER1 25 None 16 to 128 MB Deskside ? ?
Model 731 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7017[edit]

Model CPU # of CPUs MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
S70 RS64 4, 8 or 12 125 ? ? 2+ racks 1997-10-31 1999-12-13
RS64-II 262 ? ? 1998-10-05
S7A RS64-II 4 to 12 262 8 MB 1 to 32 GB 2+ racks 1998-10-23 2000-12-01
S80 RS64-III[9] 6 to 24 450[9] 8 MB[9] 2 to 64 GB[9] 2+ rack(s)[9] 1999-09-24 2001-08-31
S85 ? ? ? ? ? Rack? ? ?

Type 7020[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 0U0 PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model 40P PowerPC 601 66 ? 16 to 192 MB Desktop ? ?
Model B1B PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model B1C PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D1D PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D2D PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19
Model D4E ? ? ? ? Desktop 1995-02-07 1996-01-19
Model SPE PowerPC 601 66 ? ? Desktop 1994-10-04 1996-01-19

Type 7024[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model E20 PowerPC 604 100/133 512 KB 16 to 512 MB Tower 1995-10-10 1997-07-18
PowerPC 604e 233 1997-04-??  ?
Model E30 PowerPC 604 133/166  ? 64 to 1024 MB Tower 1996-04-23 1999-03-19
PowerPC 604e 233 1997-04-?? 1999-03-19

Type 7025[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model F30 PowerPC 604 133/166  ? Up to 1 GB Tower 1996-02-20 1998-01-08
Model F40 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233  ? Up to 1 GB Tower 1996-10-08 2000-05-08
Model F50 PowerPC 604e (1 to 4) 332 256 KB 128 MB to 3 GB Tower 1997-04-25 2001-07-17[10]
Model F80[11] RS64-III (1 to 6) 450/500 2/4 MB (SMP) 8/16 GB (SMP) Deskside [12] 2000-05-09 2001-07-13
Model F85  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?

Type 7026[edit]

An H70 Enterprise Server rack, 2001
Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model H10 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233 ? Up to 1 GB 7U Rackmount 1997-02-14 1998-02-27
Model H50 PowerPC 604e (1 to 4) 332 ? Up to 3 GB 8U Rackmount 1998-02-20 2000-12-01
Model H70 RS64-II (1 to 4) 340 ? Up to 8 GB 8U Rackmount 1999-04-23 2001-07-17
Model H80 RS64-III/IV (1 to 6) 450/500 ? Up to 16 GB 5U Rackmount 2000-06-09 2001-07-13
Model M80 RS64-III/IV (2 to 8) 500/750 ? ? 8U Rackmount 2000-06-09 2002-01-31
Model B80 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?

Type 7028[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 6C1 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E1 Tower ?
Model 6C3 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E3 Tower ?
Model 6C4 ? ? ? ? 5U Rackmount ? ?
Model 6E4 Tower ?

Type 7030[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 355 POWER1 41  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 375 POWER1++ 62.5  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 37T  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?  ?
Model 397 P2SC 160  ?  ? Desktop 1997-10-06 1999-01-19
Model 3AT POWER2+ 59 None 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1997-01-10
Model 3BT POWER2+ 67 0.5 or 1 MB 32 to 512 MB Desktop 1994-05-24 1998-01-08
Model 3CT POWER2 67 None/1 MB/2 MB[13] 64 to 512 MB Desktop 1995-02-07 1998-01-08

Type 7043[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 43P-140 PowerPC 604e 166/200/233/332 1 MB 32 to 768 MB Desktop 1996-10-08 2000-12-01
Model 43P-150 PowerPC 604e 250/375 1 MB 64 MB to 1 GB Desktop 1998-10-05 2003-12-12
Model 43P-240 PowerPC 604e (1 or 2) 166/233 512 KB/1 MB per CPU[14] 64 MB to 1 GB Desktop 1996-10-08 1999-03-19
Model 43P-260 POWER3 (1 or 2) 200 4 MB per CPU 128 MB to 4 GB Tower 1998-10-05 2000-12-01
Model 43P-270 ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Type 7044 (44P)[edit]

RS/6000 pSeries 7044-170 system
Dual 375 MHz IBM POWER3-II processors on the CPU module of a RS/6000 44P 270
Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 44P-170 POWER3-II 333/400/450 1/4/8 MB 256 MB to 2 GB Tower 2000-02-07 2003-12-12
Model 44P-270 POWER3-II (Up to 4) 375/450 ? 256 MB to 16 GB Tower 2000-02-07 ?

Type 7046[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model B50 PowerPC 604e 375 1 MB Up to 1 GB 2U Rackmount 1999-09-13 2003-09-12

Type 7248[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 43P PowerPC 604 100/120/132/166[15] 256 or 512 KB 16 to 192 MB Desktop 1995-06-19 1997-07-18

Type 7249[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model 851 PowerPC 603e 100 256 KB 32 to 96 MB Notebook 1996-02-20 1996-11-08
Model 860 PowerPC 603e 166 256 KB 32 to 96 MB Notebook 1996-10-08 1998-01-30

Type 7317[edit]

Model CPU MHz L2/L3 Cache Memory Enclosure Introduced Discontinued
Model F3L[16] PowerPC 604 133 512 KB 32 to 960 MB 17U Rackmount 1996-10-08 1999-12-13
PowerPC 604e 166 1 MB 32 MB to 1 GB
233 512 KB

Service processor[edit]

Many RS/6000 and subsequent pSeries machines came with a service processor, which booted itself when power was applied and continuously ran its own firmware, independent of the operating system. The service processor could call a phone number (via a modem) in case of serious failure with the machine.[17] Early advertisements and documentation called the service processor "System Guard",[18] (or SystemGuard[19]) although this name was apparently dropped later on, roughly around the same time that the simplified RS/6000 name was adopted for the computer line itself.

Late in the RS/6000 cycle, the service processor was "converged" with the one used on the AS/400 machines.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "RS/6000 Machine Type Models" Archived 11 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c d e "Overview 7006 IBM RS/6000. IBM U.S. Sales Manual".
  3. ^ http://www.ibmmuseum.com/ohlandl/7007/7007-n40.html Archived 19 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ 7011-250 IBM RS/6000 Model 250
  5. ^ a b How can I get the clock speed of an AIX machine? (Text of DW7410) Archived 21 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "7012-39H IBM RS/6000 Model 39H"
  7. ^ Model 53E is a special designation for Models 520 and 52H converted to 53H functionality (33 MHz Processor and 33 MHz memory) as on-site upgrade. See US Announcement Letter 192-005 Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Model 58F is a special designation for Models 530H, 550 and 560 converted to Model 580 functionality (62.5 MHz Processor) as on-site upgrade. See US Announcement Letter C92-016 Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b c d e The RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model S80 Technology and Architecture. IBM.
  10. ^ 7025-F50 IBM RS/6000 Server Model F50 Archived 7 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ RS/6000 7025 Model F80 Technical Overview and Introduction, IBM, 2000.
  12. ^ 7025-F80 Technical Overview and Introduction (Dimensions from page 2, HxWxD: 610 x 483 x 728 mm)
  13. ^ "7030-3CT IBM RS/6000 Model 3CT"
  14. ^ "7043-240 IBM RS/6000 43P Model 240"
  15. ^ "EMEA - IBM RS/6000 43P Series Model 132"
  16. ^ "7317-F3L IBM RS/6000 Telecommunications Server Model F3L"
  17. ^ RS/6000 Enterprise Server Model M80, Eserver pSeries 660 Model 6M1. Service Guide, p. 69
  18. ^ IDG Enterprise (3 April 1995). Computerworld. IDG Enterprise. p. 61. ISSN 0010-4841. 
  19. ^ IBM RISC System/6000 SMP Servers. Architecture and Implementation, November 1995, SG24-2583-00
  20. ^ pSeries 630 Models 6C4 and 6E4. Technical Overview and Introduction, p.1

External links[edit]

IBM Archives: A Brief History of RISC, the IBM RS/6000 and the IBM eServer pSeries