ICC ODI Championship

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ICC ODI Championship
ICCranking logo.png
ICC ODI Championship logo
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format One Day International
First tournament 2002
Last tournament ongoing
Tournament format national (ongoing points
accumulation through
all matches played)
Number of teams 13
29 Associate members
Current champion  Australia (117 points)
Most successful  Australia (106 months)

The ICC ODI Championship is an international One Day International cricket competition run by the International Cricket Council. The competition is notional in that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on the regular ODI match schedule. After every ODI match, the two teams involved receive points based on a mathematical formula. The total of each team's points total is divided by the total number of matches to give a rating, and all teams are ranked on a table in order of rating.

By analogy to cricket batting averages, the points for winning an ODI match are always greater than the team's rating, increasing the rating, and the points for losing an ODI match are always less than the rating, reducing the rating. A drawn match between higher and lower rated teams will benefits the lower-rated team at the expense of the higher-rated team. An "average" team that wins as often as it loses while playing a mix of stronger and weaker teams should have a rating of 100.

As of 5 March 2014, Australia lead the ICC ODI Championship with a rating of 117, while the lowest rated team, Afghanistan, has a rating of 32.[1]

Qualification[edit]

The championship consists of two separate ranking tables. The ten ICC Full Members that play Test cricket are automatically listed on the main table. The six Associate Members with One Day International status are listed on a secondary table, but are eligible for promotion to the main table by meeting one of the following criteria:[2]

  • two wins in ODIs against Full Members
  • one win in an ODI against a Full Member and also have won more than 60% of qualifying matches versus other Associates

Ireland qualified for the main table following their victories over Pakistan and Bangladesh in the 2007 World Cup,.[3] and the Netherlands qualified in 2010 by beating Bangladesh. Kenya are also listed on the main table as they previously had permanent ODI status. Latest entrant is Afghanistan, by defeating Bangladesh in Asia Cup 2014.

Points[edit]

The calculations for the Table are performed as follows:

  • Each team scores points based on the results of their matches.
  • Each team's rating is equal to its total points scored divided by the total matches played. (Series are not significant in these calculations).
  • A match only counts if played in the last four years.
  • Matches played in the first year of the four-year limit count one-third; matches played in the second year counts half; matches played in the last two years count fully; essentially, recent matches are given higher weighting.
  • To determine a team's rating after a particular match:
    • Determine the match result (win, loss, or tie)
    • Calculate the match points scored:
      • If the gap between the ratings of the two teams at the commencement of the match is fewer than 40 points, then:
        • The winner scores 50 points more than the opponent's rating
        • The loser scores 50 points fewer than the opponent's rating
        • Each team in a tie scores the opponent's rating
      • If the gap between the ratings of the two teams at the commencement of the match is more than or equal to 40 points, then :
        • The winner, if it is the stronger team, scores 10 points more than its own rating
        • The winner, if it is the weaker team, scores 90 points more than its own rating
        • The loser, if it is the stronger team, scores 90 points fewer than its own rating
        • The loser, if it is the weaker team, scores 10 points fewer than its own rating
        • The stronger team in a tie scores 40 points fewer than its own rating
        • The weaker team in a tie scores 40 points more than its own rating
    • Add the match points scored to the points already scored (in previous matches as reflected by the Table) and determine the new rating. However, matches(and the points) which do not lie in last four year range will have to be removed.
  • Points earned by teams depend on the opponents ratings, therefore this system needed to assign base ratings to teams when it started.
ICC ODI Championship
Rank Change Team Matches Points Rating
1 Steady  Australia 35 4020 115
2 Steady  India 59 6613 112
3 Decrease  Sri Lanka 53 5923 112
4 Steady  South Africa 40 4389 110
5 Steady  England 32 3486 109
6 Steady  Pakistan 47 4716 100
7 Steady  New Zealand 31 3031 98
8 Steady  West Indies 40 3744 94
9 Steady  Bangladesh 23 1683 73
10 Steady  Zimbabwe 20 1228 61
11 Steady  Afghanistan 9 304 34
12 Steady  Ireland 9 297 33
Reference: ICC Rankings, 17 June 2014

Associate rankings[edit]

Joel Olweny, Captain of the Uganda Cricket team

In late 2005, the International Cricket Council ranked the top non-Test nations from 11–30 to complement the Test nations' rankings in the ICC ODI Championship. The ICC used the results from the 2005 ICC Trophy and WCQS Division 2 competition (i.e. the primary qualification mechanisms for the 2007 Cricket World Cup) to rank the nations.

These rankings were used to seed the initial stage of the global World Cricket League. Teams ranked 11–16 were placed into Division 1; teams 17–20 were placed into Division 2; teams 21–24 were placed into Division 3; the remaining teams were placed into the upper divisions of their respective regional qualifiers.

As of 19 April 2009 the top six associates/affiliates gained one day status. Kenya and Ireland have both qualified to appear on the main rating table, Kenya from its existing status and Ireland for its two victories in the 2007 World Cup. Following their victory over Bangladesh in July 2010, the Netherlands joined the main table. Afghanistan, Canada and Scotland remain on the secondary table. In May 2009, the ICC added a rankings table for all associate and affiliate members. This contained both global and regional placings.

Associate rankings as at 18 August 2013 according to ICC:[4]

Rank Nation Regional Rank
13  Scotland Europe No. 2 Associate/Affiliate member
14  United Arab Emirates Asia No. 2 Associate/Affiliate member
15  Hong Kong Asia 3
16  Papua New Guinea EAP No. 1 Associate/Affiliate member
17  Netherlands Europe 3
18  Kenya Africa No. 1 Associate/Affiliate member
19  Canada Americas No. 1 Associate/Affiliate member
20  Namibia Africa 2
21    Nepal Asia 4
22  Uganda Africa 3
23  United States Americas 2
24  Bermuda Americas 3
25  Oman Asia 5
26  Italy Europe 4
27  Singapore Asia 6
28  Denmark Europe 5
29  Malaysia Asia 7
30  Tanzania Africa 4
31  Guernsey Europe 6
32  Cayman Islands Americas 4
33  Jersey Europe 7
34  Nigeria Africa 5
35  Vanuatu EAP 2
36  Argentina Americas 5
37  Bahrain Asia 8
38  Kuwait Asia 9
39  Botswana Africa 6
40  Fiji EAP 3
41  Ghana Africa 7
42  Germany Europe 8
43  Japan
44  Belgium
45  Norway
46  Samoa
47  Suriname
48  Bhutan

Historical ICC ODI Champions[edit]

The ICC provides ratings for the end of each month back to October 2002. This table lists the teams that have successively held the highest rating since that date, by whole month periods.

Team Start End Total Months Cumulative Months Highest Rating
 Australia October 2002 January 2007 52 52 140
 South Africa February 2007 February 2007 1 1 128
 Australia March 2007 February 2008 12 64 130
 South Africa March 2008 May 2008 3 4 127
 Australia June 2008 December 2008 7 71 131
 South Africa January 2009 August 2009 8 12 127
 Australia September 2009 August 2012 35 106 134
 England August 2012 December 2012 5 5 121
 India January 2013 January 2014 13 13 124
 Australia January 2014 - - 106 117

The ICC recently applied its current rating system to results since 1981. The table only begins from 1981 as prior to this date, there is not enough data available due to the infrequency of matches and the small number of competing teams in the earlier periods.

The teams that have successively held the highest rating since January 1981 till September 2002, by whole month periods, are:

Team Start End Total Months
 England January 1981 February 1981 2
 West Indies June 1981 November 1981 6
 England December 1981 December 1981 1
 West Indies January 1982 May 1987 65
 England August 1987 March 1988 8
 West Indies April 1988 May 1988 2
 England August 1988 May 1989 10
 West Indies August 1989 December 1989 5
 Australia January 1990 March 1990 3
 West Indies April 1990 April 1990 1
 Australia May 1990 May 1990 1
 West Indies July 1990 July 1990 1
 Australia August 1990 November 1990 4
 Pakistan December 1990 January 1991 2
 Australia February 1991 May 1991 4
 Pakistan August 1991 August 1991 1
 Australia October 1991 May 1992 8
 England August 1992 March 1993 8
 West Indies April 1993 April 1993 1
 Australia May 1993 July 1993 3
 West Indies August 1993 November 1994 16
 India December 1994 March 1995 4
 West Indies April 1995 May 1995 2
 India August 1995 October 1995 3
 England November 1995 December 1995 2
 Australia January 1996 April 1996 4
 South Africa May 1996 February 2000 46
 Australia March 2000 January 2002 23
 South Africa February 2002 February 2002 1
 Australia March 2002 September 2002 7
Reference: Historical Rankings

The summary of teams that have held the highest rating since 1981 till present by whole month periods, are:

Team Total Months Highest Rating
 Australia 163 140
 West Indies 99 141
 South Africa 59 134
 England 31 135
 India 20 127
 Pakistan 3 131
Reference: Historical Rankings updated to 31/01/2014

Trophy[edit]

The team at the top of the ICC ODI Championship has been awarded the ICC ODI Championship shield. Like a 2 euro coin, the shield features an inner circle of gold-coloured metal and is surrounded by a ring of silver-coloured metal. It was first presented in December 2002, when Australia's captain Ricky Ponting received the trophy.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ ICC – Associate and Affiliate Rankings
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ "ICC GLOBAL RANKINGS (as at 18 August 2013)". ICC. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  5. ^ Australia increases lead in ODI standings | Cricket News | Global | ESPN Cricinfo

External links[edit]