ICE 2

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This article is about a high-speed train design. For the Bridgman form of water ice, see Ice II.
ICE 2
ICE2 Hilpodrom.jpg
ICE 2 on the Nuremberg-Ingolstadt high-speed railway line
Manufacturer Adtranz, Siemens
Constructed 1995 to 1997
Refurbishment 2010 to 2013
Number built 46
Formation 1 power cars,
7 intermediate cars
Fleet numbers Tz 201 to 244
Capacity 391 seats
Operator DB Fernverkehr
Depot(s) Berlin-Rummelsburg
Specifications
Maximum speed 174 mph (280 km/h)
Weight 412 t
Power output 4,800 kW
Electric system(s) 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Safety system(s) Sifa, PZB90, LZB
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The ICE 2 is the second series of German high-speed trains and one of five in the Intercity-Express family since 1995.

The ICE 2 (half-)trains are even closer to a conventional push-pull train than the ICE 1, because each train consists of only one power car (Class 402, called powerhead), six passenger cars (Classes 805 to 807) and a cab car (Class 808).

Differences to ICE 1[edit]

ICE 2 powerhead with opened coupling cover
ICE 2 cab car
Controls in the driver's cab

Except for the automatic coupling, ICE 2 powerheads are very similar to those of the ICE 1 and can actually be used in ICE 1 trains if strictly necessary.

Half-trains[edit]

Usually two ICE 2 half-trains are coupled to form a block train of similar dimensions to the original ICE 1 for serving the main routes, and separated again to operate on routes with less traffic or to provide the passengers two different destinations.

Until the class 808 cab cars have been tested and cleared for passenger service, two ICE 2 half-trains had been solidly coupled to form a permanent block train.

Cars[edit]

The passenger cars are very different from the ICE 1 cars, despite their similar exterior: The weight has been significantly reduced and the passenger compartments have been removed in favor of a seating arrangement similar to an airliner (due to reduced seat pitch). Also, the train has been equipped with air suspension to circumvent the wheel noise problems of the ICE 1, which led to the installation of rubber-buffered wheel rims on the ICE 1 units and therefore the Eschede train disaster.

ICE 2 trains have no service car as the class 803 on ICE 1 trains, on the other hand the class 808 cab car is unique to the ICE 2.

Service[edit]

Refurbished ICE-2 2nd class saloon with passenger information system screen at the ceiling

ICE 2 trains usually run on the main east-west line, starting in Berlin with two unit block train. In Hamm the train is separated into two half-trains.

One half-train goes through the Ruhr area to Cologne Bonn Airport, while the other half-train continues through Wuppertal and Cologne to Bonn. In the opposite direction, both half-trains are coupled again at Hamm.

Some trains also serve the MunichHanover line with halves continuing to Hamburg and Bremen respectively.

Eurotrain[edit]

The Eurotrain demonstration train at Munich-Laim on 4 April 1998.
Main article: Eurotrain

Eurotrain was a joint venture formed by Siemens and GEC-Alsthom (today Alstom) in 1996 to market high-speed rail technology in Asia. In 1997, it was one of two competitors to supply the core system of Taiwan High Speed Rail (THSR), and was awarded the status of preferred bidder by concessionaire THSRC.[1]

In early 1998, the two companies created a demonstration train by combining cars of three existing French and German high-speed trains: ICE 2 powerheads 402 042 and 402 046, were joined at both ends to the articulated double-deck intermediate cars of TGV Duplex trainset #224. On 4 May 1998, the Eurotrain demonstration train made a presentation run on the Hanover–Würzburg high-speed railway in Germany, achieving a maximum speed of 316 km/h.[2][3]

In December 2000, THSRC decided to award the contract to the rival Taiwan Shinkansen Consortium,[1] leading to a legal battle[4] ending in damage payments for Eurotrain in 2004.[5][6]

Future[edit]

DB will replace the ICE 2 trains with the future ICx trains.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Editorial: THSRC agreement unprincipled". Taipei Times. 2000-01-30. Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  2. ^ "Weitere ICE-Züge" (in German). Website über die schnellsten Züge der Welt. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  3. ^ "TGV Research Activities". TGVweb. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  4. ^ "Eurotrain appeal rejected, might go international". Taipei Times. 2000-06-17. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  5. ^ "Eurotrain Consortium v. Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation". Analysis Group. Retrieved 2010-09-29. 
  6. ^ "Taiwan High Speed Rail to compensate railway consortium". Taipei Times. 2004-11-27. Retrieved 2009-01-28. 
  7. ^ "DB and Siemens sign ICx contract". Railway Gazette International. 9 May 2011. 

External links[edit]