The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing organised by the International Canoe Federation. The World Championships have taken place every year in non-Summer Olympic years since 1970. Prior to November 2008, canoe sprint was known as flatwater racing.
Canoe sprint competitions are broken up into Canadian canoe (C), an open canoe with a single-blade paddle, or in kayaks (K), a closed canoe with a double-bladed paddle. Each canoe or kayak can hold one person (1), two people (2), or four people (4). For each of the specific canoes or kayaks, such as a K-1 (kayak single), the competition distances can be 200 metres (660 ft), 500 metres (1,600 ft), 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), or 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) long. When a competition is listed as a C-2 500 m event as an example, it means two people are in a canoe competing at a 500 metres (1,600 ft) distance.
This medal table includes all events except the Paracanoe (formerly paddleability) and the Exhibition events. The current historical medal count of the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships as the 2014 championships is as follows: