|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||277.402 g/mol|
|Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)|
|(what is: / ?)|
ICI-118,551 is a selective beta-2 (β2) adrenergic receptor antagonist. ICI binds to the β2 subtype with at least 100 times greater affinity than β1 or β3, the two other known subtypes of the beta adrenoceptor. The compound was developed by Imperial Chemical Industries, which was acquired by AkzoNobel in 2008.
ICI-118,551 has no known therapeutic use in humans although it has been used widely in research to understand the action of the β2 adrenergic receptor, as few other specific antagonists for this receptor are known. When dissolved in saline, the compound crosses the blood–brain barrier. Common systemic doses used in rodent research are .5 or 1 mg/kg although efficacy has been demonstrated at doses as low as .0001 mg/kg in rhesus monkeys. Doses up to 20 mg/kg have been used without toxicity. At room temperature in saline, the ICI 118,551 hydrochloride is soluble to at least 2.5 mg/mL.
- Hillman KL, Doze VA, Porter JE (August 2005). "Functional characterization of the beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes expressed by CA1 pyramidal cells in the rat hippocampus". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 314 (2): 561–7. doi:10.1124/jpet.105.084947. PMID 15908513.
- Summerhill S, Stroud T, Nagendra R, Perros-Huguet C, Trevethick M (2008). "A cell-based assay to assess the persistence of action of agonists acting at recombinant human beta(2) adrenoceptors". Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 58 (3): 189–97. doi:10.1016/j.vascn.2008.06.003. PMID 18652905.
- Mauriège P, De Pergola G, Berlan M, Lafontan M (May 1988). "Human fat cell beta-adrenergic receptors: beta-agonist-dependent lipolytic responses and characterization of beta-adrenergic binding sites on human fat cell membranes with highly selective beta-1 antagonists". Journal of Lipid Research 29 (5): 587–601. PMID 2900871.
- Emorine LJ, Marullo S, Briend-Sutren MM, et al. (September 1989). "Molecular characterization of the human beta 3-adrenergic receptor". Science 245 (4922): 1118–21. doi:10.1126/science.2570461. PMID 2570461.
- Ruffolo, Robert R. Jr. ed. 1995. Adrenoceptors: Structure, Function. and Pharmacology. Harwood Academic Publisher, Luxembourg.
- Ramos BP, Arnsten AF (March 2007). "Adrenergic pharmacology and cognition: focus on the prefrontal cortex". Pharmacology & Therapeutics 113 (3): 523–36. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2006.11.006. PMC 2151919. PMID 17303246.