|Type||Public (BSE: 500116)|
|Industry||Banking, Financial services|
M.S. Raghavan (CMD)Bal Kishan Batra (DMD)
|Products||consumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, investment banking, mortgage loans, private banking, private equity, wealth management, Agriculture Loan|
|Revenue||254.89 billion (US$3.9 billion) (2012)|
|Operating income||40.57 billion (US$620 million) (2012)|
|Net income||20.32 billion (US$310 million) (2012)|
|Total assets||2650 billion (US$41 billion) (2012)|
IDBI Bank Limited is an Indian financial service company headquartered Mumbai, India. RBI categorised IDBI as an "other public sector bank". It was established in 1964 by an Act of Parliament to provide credit and other facilities for the development of the fledgling Indian industry. It is currently 10th largest development bank in the world in terms of reach with 1945 ATMs, 1159 branches including one overseas branch at DIFC, Dubai and 779 centers including two overseas centres at Singapore & Beijing. Some of the institutions built by IDBI are the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), National Stock Exchange of India (NSE), the National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL), the Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), the Credit Analysis & Research Ltd, the Exim Bank (India), the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), the Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, and IDBI Bank, which is owned by the Indian Government. IDBI Bank is on a par with nationalized banks and the SBI Group as far as government ownership is concerned. It is one among the 26 commercial banks owned by the Government of India. The Bank has an aggregate balance sheet size of Rs.2908.37 billion as on 31 March 2012.
The name of Mr. M. S. Raghavan was recently cleared by Government of India to become CMD of IDBI Bank, taking over from outgoing CMD Mr. R.M. Malla. Mr. Raghavan, who was executive director in Bank of India, assumed the charge on July 5, 2013.
To meet emerging challenges and to keep up with reforms in financial sector, IDBI has taken steps to reshape its role from a development finance institution to a commercial institution. With the Industrial Development Bank (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 2003, IDBI attained the status of a limited company viz. "Industrial Development Bank of India Limited" (IDBIL). Subsequently, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued the requisite notification on 30 September 2004 incorporating IDBI as a 'scheduled bank' under the RBI Act, 1934. Consequently, IDBI, formally entered the portals of banking business as IDBIL from 1 October 2004. The commercial banking arm, IDBI BANK, was merged into.
Overview of development banking in India
The concept of development banking rose only after Second World War, after the Great Depression in 1930s. The demand for reconstruction funds for the affected nations compelled in setting up a worldwide institution for reconstruction. As a result the IBRD was set up in 1945 as a worldwide institution for development and reconstruction. This concept has been widened all over the world and resulted in setting up of large number of banks around the world which coordinating the developmental activities of different nations with different objectives among the world. The Narashimam committee had recommended to give up its direct financing functions and to perform only the promotional and refinancing role. However, the S.H.Khan committee, appointed by the RBI, recommended its transformation into a universal bank.
The course of development of financial institutions and markets during the post-Independence period was largely guided by the process of planned development pursued in India with emphasis on mobilisation of savings and channeling investment to meet Plan priorities. At the time of Independence in 1947, India had a fairly well developed banking system. The adoption of bank dominated financial development strategy was aimed at meeting the sectoral credit needs, particularly of agriculture and industry. Towards this end, the Reserve Bank concentrated on regulating and developing mechanisms for institution building. The commercial banking network was expanded to cater to the requirements of general banking and for meeting the short-term working capital requirements of industry and agriculture. Specialised development financial institutions (DFIs) such as the IDBI, NABARD, NHB and SIDBI, etc., with majority ownership of the Reserve Bank were set up to meet the long-term financing requirements of industry and agriculture. To facilitate the growth of these institutions, a mechanism to provide concessional finance to these institutions was also put in place by the Reserve Bank.
The first development bank In India incorporated immediately after independence in 1948 under the Industrial Finance Corporation Act as a statutory corporation to pioneer institutional credit to medium and large-scale. Then after in regular intervals the government started new and different development financial institutions to attain the different objectives and helpful to five-year plans.
Inof IDBI Act.
Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI)
The Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) was established on 1 July 1964 under an Act of Parliament as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India. In 16 February 1976, the ownership of IDBI was transferred to the Government of India and it was made the principal financial institution for coordinating the activities of institutions engaged in financing, promoting and developing industry in the country. Although Government shareholding in the Bank came down below 100% following IDBI’s public issue in July 1995, the former continues to be the major shareholder (current shareholding: 75%). IDBI provides financial assistance, both in rupee and foreign currencies, for green-field projects as also for expansion, modernisation and diversification purposes. In the wake of financial sector reforms unveiled by the government since 1992, IDBI also provides indirect financial assistance by way of refinancing of loans extended by State-level financial institutions and banks and by way of rediscounting of bills of exchange arising out of sale of indigenous machinery on deferred payment terms.
IDBI has played a pioneering role, particularly in the pre-reform era (1964–91),in catalyzing broad based industrial development in the country in keeping with its Government-ordained ‘development banking’ charter.
Narasimam committee recommends that IDBI should give up its direct financing functions and concentrate only in promotional and refinancing role. But this recommendation was rejected by the government. Later RBI constituted a committee under the chairmanship of S.H.Khan to examine the concept of development financing in the changed global challenges. This committee is the first to recommend the concept of universal banking. The committee wanted the development financial institution to diversify its activity. It recommended to harmonise the role of development financing and banking activities by getting away from the conventional distinction between commercial banking and developmental banking.
Acquisition of United Western Bank
In 2006, IDBI Bank acquired United Western Bank in a rescue. Annasaheb Chirmule, who worked for the cause of Swadeshi movement, founded Satara Swadeshi Commercial Bank in 1907, and some three decades later founded United Western Bank. The bank was incorporated in 1936, and commenced operations the next year, with its head office in Satara, in Maharashtra State. It became a Scheduled Bank in 1951. In 1956 it merged with Union Bank of Kolhapur, and in 1961 with Satara Swadeshi Commercial Bank. At the time of the merger with IDBI, United Western had some 230 branches spread over 47 districts in 9 states, controlled by five Zonal Offices at Mumbai, Pune, Kolhapur, Jalgaon and Nagpur.
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