|— Group —|
|Composition||Meteoric iron (kamacite), nickel (4.1 to 4.9 %), much schreibersite (phosphorus), little sulfur|
|Total known specimens||6|
Naming and history
Iron meteorites are designated with a Roman numeral and one or two letters. Classification is based on diagrams in which nickel content of meteoric iron is plotted against trace elements. Clusters in these diagrams are assigned a row (Roman numeral) and a letter in alphabetical order. IIG meteorites are therefore from the second row, cluster G.
The Bellsbank, La Primitiva and Tombigbee meteorites were iron meteorites that were found to have chemical and structural similarities in 1967. Further descriptions were made in 1973 and in 1974 it was proposed that the three meteorites should be grouped into the "Bellsbank Trio" grouplet. The group status, that requires five specimen was filled in 1984 by the Twannberg meteorite and in 2000 by the Guanaco meteorite.
IIG meteorites are hexahedrites. The meteoric iron has a low concentration of Nickel (4.1 to 4.9%) and is exclusively kamacite. IIGs contain large amounts of phosphorus in the form of schreibersite and very low concentrations of sulfur.
Trace elements of IIAB and IIG meteorites are offset, which was interpreted as the two groups forming on a separate planetesimal. Other explanations for the offset are melt inmiscibility. This process took place while the planetesimal was cooling off. First meteoric iron crystallized into a network of cavities and channels. Eventually crystallization cut of the channels and made cavities of trapped melt. When the remaining melt reached the eutectic point, the cavities crystallized a mixture of schreibersite and meteoric iron. The matrix of this process would form the IIAB metorites, while the cavities would form the IIG meteorites.
- Wasson, John T.; Choe, Won-Hie (31 July 2009). "The IIG iron meteorites: Probable formation in the IIAB core". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73 (16): 4879–4890. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.05.062.
- McSween, Harry Y. (1999). Meteorites and their parent planets (Sec. Ed. ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0521587518.
- Wasson, John T.; Kimbeblin, Jerome (1 October 1967). "The chemical classification of iron meteorites—II. Irons and pallasites with germanium concentrations between 8 and 100 ppm". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31 (10): 2065–2093. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(67)90143-3.
- Scott, Edward R.D; Wasson, John T; Buchwald, V.F (31 July 1973). "The chemical classification of iron meteorites—VII. A reinvestigation of irons with Ge concentrations between 25 and 80 ppm". Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 37 (8): 1957–1983. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(73)90151-8.
- Wasson, John T. (1974). Meteorites : classification and properties. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-0387067445.
- Hofmann, Beda A.; Lorenzetti, Silvio; Eugster, Otto; Krähenbühl, Urs; Herzog, Gregory; Serefiddin, Feride; Gnos, Edwin; Eggimann, Manuel; Wasson, John T. (1 February 2009). "The Twannberg (Switzerland) IIG iron meteorites: Mineralogy, chemistry, and CRE ages". Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (2): 187–199. doi:10.1111/j.1945-5100.2009.tb00727.x.
- "Meteoritical Bulletin Database". Meteoritical Society. Retrieved 17 December 2012.