3rd Corps (Turkey)

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3rd Corps
Founded 1911
Country Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Allegiance Turkish Army, NATO
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Size Corps
Part of First Army
Garrison/HQ Ayazağa, Şişli, Istanbul
Engagements

Balkan Wars

World War I

Turkish War of Independence

Commanders
Commander Lt. Gen. Kenan Hüsnüoğlu (2013)
Chief of Staff Major Gen. İlyas Bozkurt (2013)
Notable
commanders

The 3rd Corps (Turkish: 3. Kolordu) is a field corps of the Turkish Army. Headquartered at Ayazaga, Şişli in Istanbul, it is part of the First Army and at the same time the NATO Rapid Deployable Corps in Turkey (NRDC-T). It was established at Kirklareli on March 14, 1911 in the Ottoman Empire. It took part in the First Balkan War, the Second Balkan War, the Gallipoli Campaign, operations in the Caucasus 1916–1917, and operations in Palestine in 1918. It then took part in the Battles of Kutahya and Sakarya in 1921, and the Great Assault of 1922.[1]

NATO Response Force[edit]

The corps received in 2001 orders from the General Staff for its transformation into a NATO Response Force (NRF), which is a coherent, high-readiness, joint, multinational force of troops that is technologically advanced, flexible, deployable, interoperable and sustainable. The process was completed in 2003, and it became one of the seven dedicated units of NATO. It was named NATO Rapid Deployable Corps- Turkey, abbreviated as NRDC-T.[1]

Between October 2003 and July 2004, it was assigned as NRF 1 and NRF 2, and between January–June 2007 as NRF 8.[1]

The commander of the corps Lt. General Ethem Erdağı was assigned as commander of International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) headquarters in Afghanistan between February and August 2005. The corps was assigned to the ISAF in Afghanistan between August 2008 and February 2009 as well.[1]

Subordinate units[edit]

Notable commanders[edit]

Trials of the commanders[edit]

Former commander of 3rd Corps, Mustafa Ethem Erdağı, who also served as commander of ISAF in Afghanistan, was tried before a military court for allegations of abusing of his power while on duty at the 8th Corps in a construction tender held in the years 2002–2003. In May 2007, he was convicted for corruption to eleven and half months in prison. Erdağı became so the highest-ranked military officer in Turkey to be prisoned. He was forced to retire by the Supreme Military Council's annual meeting in August 2007.[6][7][8]

In the Balyoz trial (literally: Sledgehammer trial) that began in 2010, retired General Ergin Saygun was arrested and indicted for his involvement in an alleged military coup plan to overthrow the Justice and Development Party government along with some other 365 military members, which reportedly dates back to 2003.[9] At that time, he was the commander of the 3rd Corps. The court accused him for putting 3rd Corps headquarters as the center of the coup plan. General Saygun denied the accusations of the court with the defense that at that time he had taken orders to make arrangements for the conversion of the unit into a high readiness force headquarters assigned to NATO only. Therefore, they had no time for any plot preparations.[10] Nevertheless, he was convicted and sentenced to 18 years in prison. However, he was released following a heart surgery due to his critical health condition.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About". NATO Rapid Deployeble Corps-Turkey. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  2. ^ "YAŞ kararları açıklandı". Radikal (in Turkish). 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2013-03-19. 
  3. ^ "Çanakkale Savaşları ve Çarpıtılan Gerçekler" (in Turkish). Pendik Son Söz. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  4. ^ "Atatürk Kronoloji 1881–1919" (in Turkish). İstanbul Valiliği. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  5. ^ "1880–1974 Fahrettin Altay" (in Turkish). Biyografi. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  6. ^ "Ergenekon followed up on general’s corruption case". Today's Zaman. 2008-09-11. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  7. ^ "Erdil, hapse giren ikinci paşa oldu". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  8. ^ "Ethem Erdağ davası sonuçlandı". Habertürk (in Turkish). 2007-05-10. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  9. ^ "Court to decide about 365 military members involved in coup plan". Business Turkey Today. 2012-09-21. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  10. ^ "'Üçüncü Kolordu'nun darbeye vakti yoktu'". Sabah (in Turkish). 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  11. ^ "Sledgehammer convict Saygun released on health grounds". Today's Zaman. 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2013-03-18.