2nd Fleet (Imperial Japanese Navy)

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The 2nd Fleet (第二艦隊 Dai-ni Kantai?) was a fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) created as a mobile strike force in response to hostilities with Russia, and saw action in every IJN military operation until the end of World War II..

History[edit]

Established on 28 December 1903, the 2nd Fleet was created by the Imperial General Headquarters as a mobile strike force of cruisers and destroyers to pursue the Imperial Russian Navy's Vladivostok-based cruiser squadron while the remaining bulk of the Japanese fleet (the IJN 1st Fleet) continued to blockade Port Arthur in hopes of luring the battleships of the Russian Pacific Fleet into an open sea classic line-of-battle confrontation.

Letter from Vice Admiral Ijuin Gorō to Italian Royal Navy Lieutenant Ernesto Burzagli thanking him for courtesies extended to the Imperial Japanese Navy Second Fleet which visited Italy in 1907.

As the main mobile force in the IJN, the 2nd Fleet saw the bulk of all future IJN combat operations from the time of its inception until IJN dissolution at the end of World War II.

Commanders of the IJN 2nd Fleet[edit]

Commander in chief [1]

Rank Name Date
1 Admiral Baron Hikonojo Kamimura 27 October 1903 – 20 December 1905
2 Admiral Baron Dewa Shigeto 20 December 1905 – 22 November 1906
3 Fleet Admiral Baron Ijuin Gorō 22 November 1906 – 26 May 1908
4 Admiral Baron Dewa Shigeto 26 May 1908 – 1 December 1909
5 Fleet Admiral Baron Shimamura Hayao 1 December 1909 – 1 December 1911
6 Admiral Yoshimatsu Motaro 1 December 1911 – 1 December 1912
7 Vice Admiral Ijichi Suetaka 1 December 1912 – 1 December 1913
8 Admiral Baron Kato Sadakichi 1 December 1913 – 5 February 1915
9 Admiral Nawa Matahachiro 5 February 1915 – 13 December 1915
10 Admiral Baron Yashiro Rokuro 13 December 1915 – 1 December 1917
11 Fleet Admiral Prince Higashifushimi Yorihito 1 December 1917 – 13 June 1918
12 Admiral Yamaya Tanin 13 June 1918 – 1 December 1919
13 Fleet Admiral Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu 1 December 1919 – 1 December 1920
14 Admiral Baron Suzuki Kantaro 1 December 1920 – 1 December 1921
X X Disbanded 1 December 1921 – 1 December 1922
15 Vice Admiral Naoe Nakano 1 December 1922 – 1 June 1923
16 Admiral Hiroharu Kato 1 June 1923 – 1 December 1924
17 Vice Admiral Hanroku Saito 1 December 1924 – 16 September 1925
18 Admiral Saburo Hyakutake 16 September 1925 – 10 December 1926
19 Vice Admiral Yasuhira Yoshikawa 10 December 1926 – 16 May 1928
20 Vice Admiral Koshiro Otani 16 May 1928 – 10 December 1928
21 Admiral Baron Mineo Ōsumi 10 December 1928 – 11 November 1929
22 Vice Admiral Nobutaro Iida 11 November 1929 – 1 December 1930
23 Admiral Ryozo Nakamura 1 December 1930 – 1 December 1931
24 Admiral Nobumasa Suetsugu 1 December 1931 – 15 November 1933
25 Admiral Sankichi Takahashi 15 November 1933 – 15 November 1934
26 Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai 15 November 1934 – 2 December 1935
26 Admiral Takayoshi Kato 2 December 1935 – 1 December 1936
27 Admiral Zengo Yoshida 1 December 1936 – 1 December 1937
28 Admiral Shigetarō Shimada 1 December 1937 – 15 November 1938
29 Admiral Soemu Toyoda 15 November 1938 – 21 October 1939
30 Fleet Admiral Mineichi Koga 21 October 1939 – 1 September 1941
31 Admiral Nobutake Kondō 1 September 1941 – 9 August 1943
32 Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita 9 August 1943 – 23 December 1944
33 Admiral Seiichi Ito 23 December 1944 – 7 April 1945
X X not filled 7 April 1945 – 20 April 1945

Chief of Staff [1]

Rank Name Date
1 Fleet Admiral Viscount Tomazaburo Kato 28 December 1903 – 12 January 1905
2 Admiral Koichi Fujii 12 January 1905 – 20 December 1905
3 Admiral Tanin Yamaya 20 December 1905 – 14 January 1907
X X not filled 14 January 1907 – 28 September 1907
4 Admiral Isamu Takeshita 28 September 1907 – 17 December 1907
5 Admiral Ryokitsu Arima 17 December 1907 – 20 November 1908
6 Vice-Admiral Tatsuo Matsumura 20 November 1908 – 1 February 1909
X X not filled 1 February 1908 – 1 December 1909
7 Rear Admiral Shichitaro Takagi 1 December 1909 – 22 January 1911
8 Vice-Admiral Kiyokaze Yoshida 22 January 1911 – 1 December 1911
9 Admiral Baron Kiyokazu Abo 5 December 1911 – 1 December 1912
10 Vice-Admiral Kiyokaze Yoshida 1 December 1912 – 1 February 1915
11 Admiral Hiroharu Kato 1 February 1915 – 13 December 1915
12 Vice-Admiral Yasujiro Nagata 13 December 1915 – 1 December 1916
13 Vice-Admiral Nobutaro Shimamura 1 December 1916 – 15 September 1917
14 Admiral Saburo Hyakutake 15 September 1917 – 10 November 1918
15 Rear Admiral Shigeushi Nakagawa 10 November 1918 – 1 December 1919
16 Vice Admiral Yasuhira Yoshikawa 1 December 1919 – 1 December 1920
17 Vice Admiral Kikuo Matsumura 1 December 1920 – 1 December 1921
18 Admiral Ryozo Nakamura 1 December 1922 – 6 November 1923
19 Vice Admiral Masataka Ando 6 November 1923 – 1 December 1924
20 Vice Admiral Yukichi Shima 1 December 1924 – 1 December 1925
21 Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai 1 December 1925 – 1 December 1926
22 Vice Admiral Shigeru Matsuyama 1 December 1926 – 1 December 1927
23 Vice Admiral Ken Terajima 1 December 1927 – 10 December 1928
24 Vice Admiral Teikichi Hori 10 December 1928 – 6 September 1929
25 Admiral Koichi Shiozawa 6 September 1929 – 1 December 1929
26 Admiral Shigetarō Shimada 1 December 1929 – 1 December 1930
26 Rear Admiral Wasuke Komaki 1 December 1930 – 10 October 1931
27 Vice Admiral Kamezaburo Nakamura 10 October 1931 – 15 November 1933
28 Vice Admiral Jugoro Arichi 15 November 1933 – 15 November 1934
29 Rear Admiral Taichi Miki 15 November 1934 – 15 November 1935
30 Vice Admiral Shunzo Mito 15 November 1935 – 1 April 1936
31 Vice Admiral Masaichi Niimi 1 April 1936 – 1 December 1936
32 Vice Admiral Gunichi Mikawa 1 December 1936 – 15 November 1937
33 Admiral Seiichi Ito 15 November 1937 – 15 November 1938
34 Admiral Takeo Takagi 15 November 1938 – 1 November 1939
35 Vice Admiral Yoshio Suzuki 1 November 1939 – 30 August 1941
36 Vice Admiral Kazutaka Shiraishi 30 August 1941 – 2 July 1943
37 Vice Admiral Tomiji Koyanagi 2 July 1943 – 25 November 1944
38 Rear Admiral Nobuei Morishita 25 November 1944 – 20 April 1945

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • D'Albas, Andrieu (1965). Death of a Navy: Japanese Naval Action in World War II. Devin-Adair Pub. ISBN 0-8159-5302-X. 
  • Dull, Paul S. (1978). A Battle History of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1941-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-097-1. 
  • Lacroix, Eric; Linton Wells (1997). Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-311-3. 

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wendel, Axis History Database