List of International Labour Organization Conventions

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The ILO was established by the Versailles Peace Treaty in 1919, its primary task to draft Conventions on labour standards and oversee the development of international labour law.

The list of International Labour Organization Conventions totals 190 laws which aim to improve the labour standards of people around the world. There are eight fundamental Conventions (on prohibition of forced labour, child labour, the right to organise in a trade union, and suffer no discrimination) which are binding upon every member country of the International Labour Organization from the fact of membership, since the Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work in 1998. The other Conventions are binding upon member countries whose legislatures have chosen to ratify them. Once ratified, because there is no international labour court as such, Conventions rely for their enforcement upon the jurisprudence of domestic courts.

List of Conventions[edit]

From the 190 Conventions in total, there are 8 fundamental Conventions, binding on every member regardless of ratification, and a further 71 Conventions that are up to date and in force. The subjects covered by the Conventions concern, first and in the most numerous group, individual rights at work, mainly on safety, wage standards, working time, or social security, and the rights to not be forced to work or work during childhood. Second are collective labour rights to participation in the workplace, particularly to join a trade union, collectively bargain and take strike action, as well as direct representation within the management of organizations. Third, there are a series of rights to equal treatment, that are referential to the terms and conditions of people in comparable situations, with special protections for indigenous communities and migrants. Fourth, a set of Conventions promote job security, through standards for dismissals, protection upon an employer's insolvency, regulation of employment agencies and requirements upon member states to promote full and fulfilling employment. Fifth, there are 6 Conventions which require administrative apparatus by governments to enforce and promote labour standards, such as through inspections, collecting statistics, developing training and consulting with unions and employers before passing legislation. Seafarers are the subject of 12 specific Conventions because of the frequently international nature of their work, and a further 6 Conventions relate to conditions in the fishing, plantation, hotels, nursing, home and domestic work, where employees may be particularly vulnerable.

Key: Convention Status
Fundamental convention Up to date Partly up to date
Key: Convention Subjects
1. Labour rights 2. Workplace participation 3. Equality 4. Job security 5. Administration
Convention No. Content Ratif Subject
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 C029 Obligation for members to "completely suppress such forced or compulsory labour", with exceptions for military, civil service, court orders, for emergencies and minor communal orders. 177 1. Servitude
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 C087 Protection against discrimination for joining a trade union and taking collective action. 152 2. Unions
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 C098 The right to collective bargaining with an employer through a trade union. 163 2. Unions
Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 C100 The right to equal pay, without any discrimination on grounds of gender. 171 3. Equality
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 C105 Positive obligation on member states to ensure that all forced labour is abolished. 174 1. Servitude
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 C111 The right to not be discriminated against on grounds of "race, colour, sex, religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin", or other grounds determined by member states, in employment. 172 3. Equality
Minimum Age Convention, 1973 C138 The requirement that people are at least 15, or a higher age determined by member states, or 14 for member states whose education systems are developing, before working, and 18 years old before dangerous work. 165 1. Children
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 C182 Duties upon member states to identify and take steps to prohibit the worst forms of child labour (slavery, prostitution, drug trafficking and other dangerous jobs). 177 1. Children
Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention, 1921 C014 119 1. Working time
Medical Examination of Young Persons (Industry) Convention, 1946 C077 1. Safety
Medical Examination of Young Persons (Non-Industrial Occupations) Convention, 1946 C078 1. Safety
Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 C081 Also, Protocol of 1995 to the Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 P081. 5. Administration
Labour Clauses (Public Contracts) Convention, 1949 C094 62 1. Wages
Protection of Wages Convention, 1949 C095 97 1. Wages
Migration for Employment Convention (Revised), 1949 C097 3. Migrants
Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 C102 48 1. Social security
Weekly Rest (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1957 C106 63 1. Working time
Plantations Convention, 1958 C110 Also, Protocol of 1982 to the Plantations Convention, 1958, P110. Specific
Radiation Protection Convention, 1960 C115 1. Safety
Equality of Treatment (Social Security) Convention, 1962 C118 3. Equality
Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964 C120 1. Safety
Employment Injury Benefits Convention, 1964 C121 24 1. Social security
Employment Policy Convention, 1964 C122 Requirement to develop "co-ordinated economic and social policy"" for the aim of full employment. 107 4. Unemployment
Medical Examination of Young Persons (Underground Work) Convention, 1965 C124 1. Safety
Invalidity, Old-Age and Survivors' Benefits Convention, 1967 C128 16 1. Social security
Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 C129 5. Administration
Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention, 1969 C130 1. Safety
Minimum Wage Fixing Convention, 1970 C131 51 1. Wages
Workers' Representatives Convention, 1971 C135 84 2. Representation
Occupational Cancer Convention, 1974 C139 1. Safety
Paid Educational Leave Convention, 1974 C140 34 1. Working time
Rural Workers' Organisations Convention, 1975 C141 2. Unions
Human Resources Development Convention, 1975 C142 5. Administration
Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 C143 3. Migrants
Tripartite Consultation (International Labour Standards) Convention, 1976 C144 5. Administration
Continuity of Employment (Seafarers) Convention, 1976 C145 Seafarers
Seafarers' Annual Leave with Pay Convention, 1976 C146 Seafarers
Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1976 C147 Also, Protocol of 1996 to the Merchant Shipping (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1976, P147. Seafarers
Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration) Convention, 1977 C148 1. Safety
Nursing Personnel Convention, 1977 C149 Specific
Labour Administration Convention, 1978 C150 5. Administration
Labour Relations (Public Service) Convention, 1978 C151 48 2. Representation
Occupational Safety and Health (Dock Work) Convention, 1979 C152 1. Safety
Collective Bargaining Convention, 1981 C154 2. Unions
Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 C155 Also, Protocol of 2002 to the Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981, P155. 1. Safety
Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 C156 3. Equality
Maintenance of Social Security Rights Convention, 1982 C157 4 1. Social security
Termination of Employment Convention, 1982 C158 Requirement for employers to give a good reason before dismissing a worker. No conclusions on revision. 36 4. Fair dismissal
Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (Disabled Persons) Convention, 1983 C159 3. Equality
Labour Statistics Convention, 1985 C160 5. Administration
Occupational Health Services Convention, 1985 C161 1. Safety
Asbestos Convention, 1986 C162 1. Safety
Seafarers' Welfare Convention, 1987 C163 Seafarers
Health Protection and Medical Care (Seafarers) Convention, 1987 C164 Seafarers
Social Security (Seafarers) Convention (Revised), 1987 C165 Seafarers
Repatriation of Seafarers Convention (Revised), 1987 C166 Seafarers
Safety and Health in Construction Convention, 1988 C167 1. Safety
Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention, 1988 C168 8 4. Unemployment
Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 C169 The right of indigenous and tribal communities to participate in decision making procedures. 22 3. Indigenous
Chemicals Convention, 1990 C170 1. Safety
Night Work Convention, 1990 C171 1. Safety
Working Conditions (Hotels and Restaurants) Convention, 1991 C172 Specific
Protection of Workers' Claims (Employer's Insolvency) Convention, 1992 C173 21 4. Insolvency
Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents Convention, 1993 C174 1. Safety
Part-Time Work Convention, 1994 C175 3. Equality
Safety and Health in Mines Convention, 1995 C176 1. Safety
Home Work Convention, 1996 C177 Specific
Labour Inspection (Seafarers) Convention, 1996 C178 Seafarers
Recruitment and Placement of Seafarers Convention, 1996 C179 Seafarers
Seafarers' Hours of Work and the Manning of Ships Convention, 1996 C180 Seafarers
Private Employment Agencies Convention, 1997 C181 27 4. Agencies
Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 C183 3. Equality
Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention, 2001 C184 1. Safety
Seafarers' Identity Documents Convention (Revised), 2003 C185 Seafarers
Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 MLC Seafarers
Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 2006 C187 1. Safety
Work in Fishing Convention, 2007 C188 Specific
Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 C189 Specific
Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919 C001 52 1. Working time
Unemployment Convention, 1919 C002 Positive obligation on member states to establish and maintain public employment agencies. 4. Unemployment
Maternity Protection Convention, 1919 C003 34 1. Child care
Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention, 1921 C011 2. Unions
Workmen's Compensation (Agriculture) Convention, 1921 C012 77 1. Wages
Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation) Convention, 1925 C019 3. Equality
Minimum Wage-Fixing Machinery Convention, 1928 C026 104 1. Wages
Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1930 C030 1. Working time
Underground Work (Women) Convention, 1935 C045 1. Safety
Forty-Hour Week Convention, 1935 C047 1. Working time
Officers' Competency Certificates Convention, 1936 C053 Seafarers
Minimum Age (Sea) Convention (Revised), 1936 C058 Seafarers
Right of Association (Non-Metropolitan Territories) Convention, 1947 C084 2. Unions
Labour Inspectorates (Non-Metropolitan Territories) Convention, 1947 C085 5. Administration
Employment Service Convention, 1948 C088 4. Unemployment
Night Work (Women) Convention (Revised), 1948 C089 1. Working time
Accommodation of Crews Convention (Revised), 1949 C092 Seafarers
Fee-Charging Employment Agencies Convention (Revised), 1949 C096 4. Agencies
Minimum Wage Fixing Machinery (Agriculture) Convention, 1951 C099 53 1. Wages
Social Policy (Basic Aims and Standards) Convention, 1962 C117 32 1. Social security
Holidays with Pay Convention (Revised), 1970 C132 36 1. Working time
Accommodation of Crews (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1970 C133 Seafarers
Dock Work Convention, 1973 C137 Seafarers

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