IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement

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IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement
Leader Krasimir Karakachanov
Founded 1989
Headquarters 5th Pirotska Str, Sofia, Bulgaria
Newspaper Bulgaria
Youth wing National Youth Committee of IMRO
Ideology Nationalism
Political position Right-wing
International affiliation None
European Parliament group European Conservatives and Reformists
Colours Red, Black
National Assembly
0 / 240
European Parliament
1 / 17
Party flag
Flag of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization.png
Politics of Bulgaria
Political parties
IMRO's headquarters in Sofia

The IMRO – Bulgarian National Movement or IMRO - BNM (Bulgarian: ВМРО – Българско Национално Движение, VMRO – Bulgarsko Natsionalno Dvizhenie) is the oldest nationalist political party in Bulgaria.[1][2]


The abbreviation IMRO references the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, a historic Bulgarian-established revolutionary political organization in the Macedonia and Thrace regions founded in the late 19th century.[3] By its establishment in 1991 the name of the organization was IMRO-Union of Macedonian Assotiations. At the Fourth Congress in 1997, IMRO-UMA dropped the addition UMA.[4] Initially it was not involved in Bulgarian politics but after 1994, it became politically active and entered the Bulgarian parliament. Renamed IMRO-Bulgarian National Movement in 1998, the organization was gradually transformed into a right-wing populist political party in the 2000s.[5] It is known also as a nationalist party which opposes to minority rights, as a pro-Greater Bulgaria oriented and anti-Macedonist.[6] The IMRO describes itself as a conservative and patriotic party based on modern nationalism. Its defines it as a "pan-Bulgarian national movement" aiming at "spiritual unity of the Bulgarian nation".[7] In 2010 from the party is separated National Ideal for Unity.In the 2014 European Parliament election, the party was part of the coalition "Bulgaria without censorship,IMRO-BNM,People's Agricultural Union, Movement St.George's Day and won 10,66% of the votes. The coalition will have two MEPs - one from the BBT - its leader Nikolay Barekov and the other one is IMRO vice-leader Angel Djambazki.

IMRO's leader is Krasimir Karakachanov, a historian.[8]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ATAKA and IMRO Stage a Rally in Pazardjik". 2012-10-26. Retrieved 27 Feb 2013. 
  2. ^ "Two New Coalitions May Enter Bulgarian Parliament". 2013-01-25. Retrieved 27 Feb 2013. 
  3. ^ "Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO)". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 Feb 2013. 
  4. ^ The A to Z of Bulgaria, Raymond Detrez, Scarecrow Press INC, 2010, ISBN 0810872021, p. 227.
  5. ^ Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia, Dimitar Bechev, Scarecrow Press, 2009, ISBN 0810862956, p. 104.
  6. ^ Territorial Revisionism and the Allies of Germany in the Second World War, Berghahn Books, ISBN 085745739X, Stefan Troebst, p. 170.
  7. ^ Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0415355931.
  8. ^ Ръководни и контролни органи на ВМРО - Българско национално движение, избрани на V редовен конгрес (28 октомври 2012).