IND Queens Boulevard Line
|IND Queens Boulevard Line|
|System||New York City Subway|
|Locale||New York City|
Jamaica – 179th Street
|Daily ridership||251,456 (2010, weekday)[note 1]|
|Owner||City of New York|
|Operator(s)||New York City Transit Authority|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|IND Queens Boulevard Line|
The IND Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Manhattan and Queens, New York City, United States. The line provides crosstown service across Manhattan under 53rd Street and east through Queens to Jamaica. The two-track section in Manhattan is also known as the IND 53rd Street Line.
The IND Queens Boulevard Line begins at Jamaica – 179th Street (E F trains) as a four-track subway under Hillside Avenue. Just after curving north under the Van Wyck Expressway, a flying junction joins the two-track Archer Avenue Line (E train) to the local and express tracks. Soon after, the line turns west under Queens Boulevard.
East of Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike, another flying junction ties the eastward tracks to Jamaica Yard. The other side of the wye curves west to become a lower level of the subway just west of Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike. After passing through 75th Avenue, those tracks join the local and express tracks at another flying junction.
At Forest Hills – 71st Avenue, the M and R trains begin their westward routes. From here, the line (now carrying the E F M R trains) runs under Queens Boulevard until it turns north onto Broadway after Grand Avenue – Newtown. Near Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue, an abandoned trackless tunnel for the IND Second System branches off into an unused upper part of the station which is used for storage. At the intersection of Broadway and Northern Boulevard, west of the line's Northern Boulevard station, the express tracks turn west under Northern Boulevard. The local tracks take a longer route, remaining under Broadway, then turning south onto Steinway Street and west again onto Northern Boulevard, where they rejoin the express tracks. This is only one of two areas in the subway where the express tracks diverge from the local tracks (the other being the IND Culver Line between Seventh Avenue and Church Avenue.)
As the line leaves 36th Street, the two-track IND 63rd Street Line (F train) splits from both sets of tracks at a flying junction, running to Manhattan under 41st Avenue. The Queens Boulevard Line continues under Northern Boulevard to Queens Plaza (E M R trains) before line splitting into three parts at another flying junction. The express tracks (E M trains) continue towards Manhattan under 44th Drive, while the local tracks split two ways, with the 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R train) turning northwest and the IND Crosstown Line (no regular service) remaining under Jackson Avenue (Northern Boulevard south of Queens Plaza). From this point on, the Queens Boulevard Line has only two tracks.
The line continues west through the 53rd Street Tunnel under the East River into Manhattan. After Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street, the westbound tracks rise above the eastbound tracks. A flying junction after Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street, ties the westbound tracks into the southbound local tracks of the IND Sixth Avenue Line, which begin here as a merge of these connection tracks and the IND 63rd Street Line. At that junction, the Sixth Avenue express tracks turn west under 53rd Street, just to the south of the Queens Boulevard Line. The two lines share platforms at Seventh Avenue, but no connecting tracks are present.
Then the Queens Boulevard Line turns south below the IND Eighth Avenue Line with separate lower-level platforms at 50th Street. Then the tracks split to join the local and express tracks of the Eighth Avenue Line north of 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal. At that station, a special lower platform formerly served a single southbound track from the Queens Boulevard Line, merging with both southbound tracks of the Eighth Avenue Line south of the station; the long-disused platform was demolished in June 2013 to make way for the extension of the IRT Flushing Line.
|Time period||Section of line|
|full line (limited rush hour trips)
south of Briarwood (other times)
|north of 36th Street|
||no service||between Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (weekdays)|
||no service||between Queens Plaza and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue (all except late nights)|
During daytime hours, the portion of the line between 36th Street and Forest Hills – 71st Avenue is served by four services: the E, F, M, and R. The M operates via Sixth Avenue and 53rd Street to Queens Plaza before making local stops to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue on weekdays. The R enters Queens Boulevard from the Broadway Line and the 60th Street Tunnel before making local stops to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue at all times except late nights. The F train joins the IND Queens Boulevard Line from the 63rd Street Line and runs express to Forest Hills – 71st Avenue before making local stops to Jamaica – 179th Street at all times. The E train runs from the Eighth Avenue Line and 53rd Street to Queens Boulevard before making express stops along the line (except evenings and weekends when it makes all stops east of Forest Hills – 71st Avenue and during late night hours when it runs local on the entire line) to the Archer Avenue Line east of the Briarwood. Limited rush hour E trains also run express to Jamaica – 179th Street.
The entire line is patrolled by NYPD Transit Bureau District 20, headquartered at Briarwood.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Station||Tracks||Services||Opened||Transfers and notes|
|Jamaica||Jamaica – 179th Street||all||E F||December 10, 1950|
|169th Street||local||F||April 24, 1937|
|Parsons Boulevard||all||E F||April 24, 1937|
|Sutphin Boulevard||local||F||April 24, 1937|
|IND Archer Avenue Line (E ) merges|
|Briarwood||Briarwood||local||E F||April 24, 1937|
|connecting tracks to Jamaica Yard|
|Kew Gardens||Kew Gardens – Union Turnpike||all||E F||December 31, 1936|
|Forest Hills||75th Avenue||local||E F||December 31, 1936|
|connecting tracks to Jamaica Yard; former connection to IND World's Fair Line|
|Forest Hills – 71st Avenue||all||E F M R||December 31, 1936|
|Rego Park||67th Avenue||local||E M R||December 31, 1936|
|63rd Drive – Rego Park||local||E M R||December 31, 1936|
|Elmhurst||Woodhaven Boulevard||local||E M R||December 31, 1936|
|Grand Avenue – Newtown||local||E M R||December 31, 1936|
|Elmhurst Avenue||local||E M R||December 31, 1936|
|Jackson Heights||Jackson Heights – Roosevelt Avenue||all||E F M R||August 19, 1933||IRT Flushing Line (7 ) at 74th Street – Broadway|
|Woodside||65th Street||local||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|express tracks diverge (E F )|
|Northern Boulevard||local||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|Astoria||46th Street||local||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|Steinway Street||local||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|express tracks rejoin (E F )|
|Long Island City||36th Street||local||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|IND 63rd Street Line splits (F )|
|Queens Plaza||all||E M R||August 19, 1933|
|local tracks split to IND Crosstown Line (no regular service) and 60th Street Tunnel Connection (R )|
|Court Square – 23rd Street||express||E M||August 28, 1939||IND Crosstown Line (G )
IRT Flushing Line (7 <7>)
|53rd Street Tunnel|
|Midtown Manhattan||Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street||express||E M||August 19, 1933||IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 6 <6>) at 51st Street|
|Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street||express||E M||August 19, 1933|
|connection to IND Sixth Avenue Line (M ) splits|
|Seventh Avenue||express||E||August 19, 1933||IND Sixth Avenue Line (B D )|
|[note 2]||50th Street||express||E||August 19, 1933||IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C ) (transfer in same direction only)|
|merges with IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C )|
- Note: excludes 7th Avenue-53rd Street, Lexington Avenue-53rd Street, Court Square, and Roosevelt Avenue due to interchange status
- southbound only
- MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 21 August 2011.
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