National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control
The National Institute for Research in Computer Science and Control (French: Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique, INRIA) is a French national research institution focusing on computer science, control theory and applied mathematics. It was created in 1967 at Rocquencourt near Paris, part of Plan Calcul. Its first site was the historical premises of SHAPE (central command of NATO military forces).
INRIA is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment (EPST) under the double supervision of the French Ministry of National Education, Advanced Instruction and Research and the Ministry of Economy, Finance and Industry.
Administrative status 
INRIA has 8 research centers and also contributes to academic research teams outside of those centers.
Before December 2007, the three centers of Bordeaux, Lille and Saclay formed a single research center called INRIA Futurs.
INRIA employs 3800 people. Among them are 1300 researchers, 1000 Ph.D. students and 500 postdoctorates.
Research in Computer Science 
INRIA does both theoretical and applied research in computer science. In the process, it has produced many widely used programs, such as
- CaML, a language from the ML family
- Bigloo, a Scheme implementation
- Coq, a theorem prover
- CADP, a tool box for the verification of asynchronous concurrent systems
- Graphite, a research platform for computer graphics, 3D modeling and numerical geometry
- SmartEiffel, a free Eiffel compiler
- Scilab, a numerical computation software package
- Esterel, a programming language for State Automata
- TOM, a pattern matching language
- Pharo, an open Smalltalk implementation.
- OpenViBE, a software platform dedicated to designing, testing and using brain-computer interfaces.
Further reading 
- (French) Alain Beltran, Pascal Griset, Histoire d'un pionnier de l'informatique: 40 ans de recherche à l'Inria, EDP Sciences, 2007, ISBN 2-86883-806-5
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