|Observation data (J2000 epoch)|
|Right ascension||13h 23m 59.8s|
|Declination||+27° 24′ 56″|
|Distance||12.88 gigalight-years (3.95 Gpc)|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||24.4|
It was discovered in April 2006 by Masanori Iye at National Astronomical Observatory of Japan using the Subaru Telescope in Hawaii and seen as it was 12.88 billion years ago. Its emission of Lyman alpha radiation has a redshift of 6.96, corresponding to just 750 million years after the Big Bang. While some scientists have claimed other objects (such as Abell 1835 IR1916) to be even older, the IOK-1's age and composition have been more reliably established.
"IOK" stands for the observers' names Iye, Ota, and Kashikawa.
- Hogan, Jenny (2006), Journey to the birth of the Universe, Nature 443 (7108): 128–129, Bibcode:2006Natur.443..128H, doi:10.1038/443128a, PMID 16971914
- Iye, Masanori; Ota, Kazuaki; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Furusawa, Hisanori; Hashimoto, Tetsuya; Hattori, Takashi; Matsuda, Yuichi; Morokuma, Tomoki; Ouchi, Masami et al. (2006), A galaxy at a redshift z = 6.96, Nature 443 (7108): 186–188, arXiv:astro-ph/0609393v1, Bibcode:2006Natur.443..186I, doi:10.1038/nature05104, PMID 16971942
- Press release, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, September 13, 2006
|Most distant astronomical object
2006 — 2009
|Most distant galaxy
2006 — 2011
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