IPA vowel chart with audio

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The International Phonetic Alphabet, or IPA, is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. It was devised by the International Phonetic Association as a standardized representation of the sounds of spoken language.[1]

In the IPA, vowel sounds are defined as sound which occurs at a syllable center.[2] Below is a chart depicting the vowels of the IPA, with audio examples of each. The IPA maps the vowels according to the position of the tongue.

IPA vowel chart with audio
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
i
y
ɨ
ʉ
ɯ
u
ɪ
ʏ
ɪ̈
ʊ̈
ʊ
e
ø
ɘ
ɵ
ɤ
o
ø̞
ə
ɤ̞
ɛ
œ
ɜ
ɞ
ʌ
ɔ
æ
ɐ
a
ɶ
ä
ɑ
ɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unroundedrounded
This table contains phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]

IPA help • IPA key • Loudspeaker.svg audio help • chart • view

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ International Phonetic Association. (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ International Phonetic Association. (1999). Handbook of the International Phonetic Association: A guide to the use of the International Phonetic Alphabet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 10.