ipfirewall or ipfw is a FreeBSD IP packet filter and traffic accounting facility. Its ruleset logic is similar to many other packet filters except IPFilter. ipfw is authored and maintained by FreeBSD volunteer staff members. Its syntax enables use of sophisticated filtering capabilities and thus enables professional users to satisfy advanced requirements. It can either be used as a loadable kernel module or incorporated into the kernel; use as a loadable kernel module where possible is highly recommended. ipfw was the built-in firewall of Mac OS X until Mac OS X 10.7 Lion when it was replaced with the OpenBSD project's PF. Like FreeBSD, ipfw is open source. It is used in many FreeBSD-based firewall products, including m0n0wall and FreeNAS. There is a port of ipfw and the dummynet traffic shaper is available for Linux, OpenWrt and Microsoft Windows. wipfw is a Windows port of an old (2001) version of ipfw.
ipfirewall is composed of these components:
- kernel firewall filter rule processor and its integrated packet accounting facility
- logging facility
- "divert" rule (NAT)
- advanced special purpose facilities
- the dummynet traffic shaper
- "fwd rule" forward facility
- the bridge facility
- per-packet kernel-wide tagging (set, unset and check 16-bit tags)
- ALTQ-based QoS disciplines
- rule sets for atomic management of multiple rules
- a stateful engine with connection limiting
- anti-spoofing rules based on routing table
- lookup tables based on Radix trees
- per-rule byte and packet counters
- built-in NAT, Port address translation and LSNAT (load-sharing) facilities (since FreeBSD 7)
- IPv6 support (with several limitations)
Alternative user interfaces for ipfw
|Software||Developer||First public release||Latest stable version||Cost (USD)||Open source||License||User interface||Platform(s)|
|Firewalk X||Pliris||?||2.3.7||Non-free (US$ 34.99)||No||Proprietary / Shareware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.2, Mac OS X v10.3 (PowerPC)|
|Flying Buttress (known as BrickHouse prior to v1.4)||Brian Hill||March 23, 2001||1.4 (2005-12-31)||Non-free (US$ 25.00)||No||Proprietary / Shareware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.0, Mac OS X v10.1, Mac OS X v10.2, Mac OS X v10.3, Mac OS X v10.4 (PowerPC)|
|Impasse||Glucose Development Corporation||Q2 2002||1.3||Non-free (US$ 10.00)||No||Proprietary / Shareware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.1, Mac OS X v10.2 (PowerPC)|
|NoobProof||Hany El Imam||2007||1.5||Free||Yes||GPL / Donationware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.4, Mac OS X v10.8 (universal binary)|
|Norton Personal Firewall for Macintosh||Symantec||2005||3.0.3||Non-free (US$ 49.95)||No||Proprietary
(Symantec Software License Ageement)
|GUI||Mac OS X v10.1.5, Mac OS X v10.2, Mac OS X v10.3, Mac OS X v10.4.11 (PowerPC)|
|Qtfw||Ryzhyk Eugeney||August 23, 2001||0.5 (2002-09-20)||Free||Yes||BSD||GUI||BSD and POSIX operating systems with the Qt toolkit. Ported to Windows for wipfw.|
|sunShield Pro||sunProtecting Factory||?||2.0.3 'L' (2007-11-09)||Non-free (US$ 29.95)||No||Proprietary / Shareware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.4, Mac OS X v10.5 (universal binary)|
|WaterRoof||Hany El Imam||2007||3.7||Free||Yes||GPL / Donationware||GUI||Mac OS X v10.4, Mac OS X v10.8 (universal binary)|
|YpFw||Claudio Favi, CAIA||2004||?||Free||Yes||?||Text mode||FreeBSD v3.4 or higher with Python v2.2 or higher|
- netfilter/iptables, a Linux-based descendant of ipchains
- NPF, a NetBSD packet filter
- PF, another widely deployed BSD firewall solution
- ipfw is the only firewall software in Mac OS X v10.4 and below. Mac OS X v10.5 used both an application firewall and ipfw.
- "OS X: About the application firewall". 2014-09-02. Retrieved 2014-11-07.
- Luigi Rizzo. "The dummynet project". Retrieved 2014-11-07.
- "WIPFW - A MS Windows operable version of IPFW".
- "SYMANTEC SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT" (PDF). Symantec. 2005-11-18. Retrieved 2014-11-07.
- "SYMANTEC SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT" (PDF). Symantec. 2005-11-29. Retrieved 2014-11-07.
- "Norton Personal Firewall 3.0 for Macintosh, Mac OS® X version 10.1.5 to 10.4.11". 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-12-25. Retrieved 2014-11-07.
- ipfw section of the FreeBSD Handbook.
- The dummynet project - including versions for Linux, OpenWR and Windows
- wipfw Windows port of an old (2001) version of ipfw
- ipfw(8) FreeBSD man page