IRT Dyre Avenue Line

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Not to be confused with Dyer Avenue. ‹See Tfd›
IRT Dyre Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-5.svg
The 5 train serves the entire IRT Dyre Avenue Line at all times.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Eastchester – Dyre Avenue
Morris Park
Stations 5
Daily ridership 34,802[1]
Operation
Opening 1941
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Elevated, open–cut, embankment, underground
Rolling stock R142
Technical
No. of tracks 2–4
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Direct Current traction
IRT Dyre Avenue Line
New York, Westchester & Boston RR
remainder of line demolished
Eastchester – Dyre Avenue
Baychester Avenue
Gun Hill Road
Pelham Parkway
Morris Park
IRT White Plains Road Line
Unionport Yard
East 180th Street
IRT White Plains Road Line
remainder of line demolished

The IRT Dyre Avenue Line (sometimes referred to as the Dyre Avenue Branch, from the IRT White Plains Road Line) is a New York City Subway rapid transit line, part of the A Division (IRT). It is a branch of the IRT White Plains Road Line in the northeastern section of the Bronx, north of East 180th Street. As of 2013 it has a daily ridership of 34,802.[1]

Extent and service[edit]

The following services use the Dyre Avenue Line:

  Time period Services
5 All times Entire line

It is served by the 5 train, which makes all stops.

The line is double-tracked for its entire length, with additional center tracks between Eastchester – Dyre Avenue and Baychester Avenue, and from Pelham Parkway to just south of Morris Park Avenue.

In the late 1990s the southbound express track was extended from south of Dyre Avenue and connected to the stub end track at Pelham Parkway for testing new subway cars for the A division. The southbound track at Dyre Avenue is in the position of the southbound express track, as the southbound local track is no longer present. The current platform is built over the northbound express track. Small portions of the original side platforms remain on both sides of Dyre Avenue station. South of Dyre Avenue station, the southbound track moves over to the local position and the southbound express track begins.

The northbound express track, now a stub end track at Pelham Parkway, has been used for storage but this use has largely been made redundant by the expansion of Unionport Yard. A small portion of this track also exists between Baychester and Dyre Avenue stations.

The north end of the line is a simple two-track stub, with crossover tracks south of Dyre Avenue terminal. The south end is a flying junction (the Dyre Avenue Flyover), into the local tracks of the IRT White Plains Road Line (with crossovers to the express track).

History[edit]

The Dyre Avenue Line was originally part of the four-track main line of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, an electrified commuter line that connected White Plains and Port Chester to a station at the Harlem River adjacent to the IRT Third Avenue Line. The NYW&B opened on May 29, 1912. Soon a transfer station opened at East 180th Street, with transfers to the IRT White Plains Road Line and various surface lines. Express trains stopped within the Bronx only at Pelham Parkway and East 180th Street.[2] The NYW&B was abandoned on December 31, 1937 due to bankruptcy.[3]

Plans were made for a parallel subway line even before the NYW&B's abandonment; a 1929 expansion plan included a line along Morris Park Avenue, Wilson Avenue and Boston Road to Baychester Avenue, fed by the IND Second Avenue Line. In 1939, after abandonment, the plan was to integrate the former NYW&B to Dyre Avenue into the IRT system branching off the IRT Pelham Line as the Westchester and Boston Line.

The New York City Board of Transportation bought the NYW&B within the Bronx north of East 180th Street, and opened it for service on May 15, 1941 as a shuttle, with a transfer to the IRT White Plains Road Line at East 180th Street. Plans for restoring the old line north into Westchester County failed.[4]

A direct track connection was opened on May 6, 1957, and the old NYW&B station was closed. At first, direct service used the express tracks of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line, running during the day; the shuttle continued to run evenings, and the line did not run at night.[5] In the early 1960s, Dyre Avenue service was moved to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line in its current form.[citation needed] The line is still operated as a shuttle late nights; for more information on current and past services on the line see the articles for the 2, 5 and 9 services.

Station listing[edit]

The IRT 5 train enters the Morris Park station in the Bronx on the IRT Dyre Avenue Line
Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Notes
Remainder of line in Westchester County abandoned
Eastchester Eastchester – Dyre Avenue 5 all times May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Originally a local station with two side platforms on the NYW&B. Converted to a center island platform by the NYCTA.
Baychester Baychester Avenue local 5 all times May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Gun Hill Road local 5 all times May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Pelham Parkway Pelham Parkway all 5 all times May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Bx12 Select Bus Service
Was an express station on the NYW&B
Morris Park Morris Park local 5 all times May 29, 1912 (NYW&B)
May 15, 1941 (IRT)
Connecting Track to Unionport Yard
Merges with IRT White Plains Road Line (5 all times)
Remainder of line demolished

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ NYCsubway.org - New York, Westchester & Boston Railway
  3. ^ "Westchester Line Passes with 1937". The New York Times. January 1, 1938. p. 36. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Rail Line is Added to Subway System". The New York Times. May 16, 1941. p. 25. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Subway Trains Run to Dyre Ave.". The New York Times. May 7, 1957. p. 57. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 


External links[edit]