IRT Jerome Avenue Line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
IRT Jerome Avenue Line
NYCS-bull-trans-4.svg
The 4 train serves the entire IRT Jerome Avenue Line at all times. One station is also served by the 5 train.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Woodlawn
138th Street – Grand Concourse
Stations 14
Daily ridership 242,460[1]
Operation
Opening 1917-1918
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Underground (South of Yankee Stadium)
Elevated (Most of The Bronx)
Technical
No. of tracks 2-3
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 600V DC third rail
IRT Jerome Avenue Line
Woodlawn
Mosholu Parkway IND Concourse Line
Jerome Yard
Concourse Yard
Bedford Park Boulevard – Lehman College
Kingsbridge Road
Fordham Road
183rd Street
Burnside Avenue
176th Street
Mount Eden Avenue
170th Street
167th Street
Former IRT Ninth Avenue Line
161st Street – Yankee Stadium IND Concourse Line
149th Street – Grand Concourse IRT White Plains Road Line
138th Street – Grand Concourse
IRT Pelham Line
Merge to IRT Lexington Avenue Line
Lexington Avenue Tunnel

The IRT Jerome Avenue Line, also unofficially known as IRT Woodlawn Line, is a New York City Subway line along Jerome Avenue in the Bronx. It was opened on June 2, 1917 as a shuttle service between Kingsbridge Road and 149th Street. This was in advance of through service to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, which began on July 17, 1918. The line was extended from Kingsbridge Road to Woodlawn on April 15, 1918.

In 1918, the Ninth Avenue elevated was extended from the Polo Grounds terminal, entering the Bronx via the Putnam Bridge, a now-demolished swing bridge immediately north of the Macombs Dam Bridge, to connect with the Jerome Avenue line between 161st Street and 167th Street. After the lower portion of the Ninth Avenue Line closed on June 12, 1940, a shuttle continued to operate to the Polo Grounds until after the New York Giants moved to San Francisco. The shuttle closed on August 31, 1958.

Service patterns[edit]

Service Time period Between
Woodlawn
149 St – GC
North of 138 St
North of 125 St
4 Rush hours local express
Other times local
5 All except nights no service local
Late nights no service

The Jerome Avenue Line is served locally by the 4 train at all times, except for the 138th Street – Grand Concourse station, which the 4 serves all times except rush hours in the peak direction, and the 5 at all times except late nights.

As part of a pilot program to evaluate express service on the line, from June 8, 2009 to June 26, 2009, the MTA operated four trains southbound on the express track between 7:15 AM and 8:00 AM. The trains stopped at Woodlawn, Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue, and 149th Street – Grand Concourse, then continued down the normal route.[2] From October 26, 2009, to December 11, 2009, another pilot program to run express service ran, this time adding Bedford Park Boulevard – Lehman College as an additional stop. A fifth train had also been added and trains now run every 20 minutes from 7:00am to 8:20am.[3]

In July 2009, some Woodlawn-bound trains, during evening rush hours, ran express from 149th Street – Grand Concourse to short turn at Burnside Avenue.

Station listing[edit]

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours only Stops rush hours only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Bronx
Woodlawn Woodlawn 4 all times April 15, 1918 Terminal
Center Express track begins (No Regular Service to 149th Street – Grand Concourse)
Norwood Mosholu Parkway local 4 all times April 15, 1918
connecting tracks to Jerome Yard
Bedford Park Bedford Park Boulevard – Lehman College local 4 all times April 15, 1918
connecting track to Concourse Yard
Kingsbridge Heights Kingsbridge Road local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
University Heights Handicapped/disabled access Fordham Road local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4] Bx12 Select Bus Service
183rd Street local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
Morris Heights Burnside Avenue all 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
176th Street local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
Highbridge Mount Eden Avenue local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
170th Street local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
167th Street local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4]
Handicapped/disabled access 161st Street – Yankee Stadium local 4 all times June 2, 1917[4] B rush hours until 7:00 p.m. D all except rush hours, peak direction (IND Concourse Line)
Connection to Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line at Yankees – East 153rd Street
4 rush hours, peak direction service switches to/from center express track
Mott Haven 149th Street – Grand Concourse all 4 all times June 2, 1917[4] 2 all times 5 all except late nights (IRT White Plains Road Line)
Branch from IRT White Plains Road Line joins (5 all except late nights)
138th Street – Grand Concourse local 4 all except rush hours, peak direction 5 all except late nights July 17, 1918
Center Express track ends
Continues as IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 all times 5 all except late nights)

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 21 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "MTA New York City Transit Pilots Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. Line" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08. 
  3. ^ "Second Pilot Program of Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. 4 Line Set to Begin" (Press release). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened" (PDF). The New York Times Company. 3 June 1917. p. 11. Retrieved 13 February 2009. 

External links[edit]