IS-4 Jastrząb

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
IS-4 Jastrząb
Kraków, Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego IS-4.jpg
Role Glider
National origin Poland
Manufacturer Instytut Szybownictwa
Designer J Niespał
First flight 21 Dec 1949[1]
Introduction 1950
Number built 37[1]

The IS-4 Jastrząb (Instytut Szybownictwa – gliding institute) was a single-seat aerobatic glider designed and built in Poland from 1949.

Development[edit]

The IS-4 was built for aerobatics with a high structural strength and a very high maximum speed which could not be achieved in a vertical dive. Due to the pilot's sitting position and the arrangements of the controls, it was difficult for pilots to exceed the 8g loading limit. During high speed flight it was possible for the air-brakes to be sucked out violently, so most pilots ensured that they remained closed by holding the airbrake control.[1]

Variants[edit]

  • IS-4 Jastrząb – two prototypes built in 1949.[1]
  • IS-4 Jastrząb bis – Thirty-five production aircraft, three of which were exported.[1]

Specifications (IS-4 Jastrząb bis)[edit]

Data from The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II[1][2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.25 m (20 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in) at cockpit
  • Wing area: 12 m2 (130 sq ft)
  • Aspect ratio: 12
  • Airfoil: RootNACA 2418, TipNACA 2412, MidNACA 0012
  • Empty weight: 240 kg (529 lb)
  • Gross weight: 357 kg (787 lb)

Performance

  • Stall speed: 67 km/h (42 mph; 36 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 450 km/h (280 mph; 243 kn)
  • Rough air speed max: 2,300 km/h (1,429.2 mph; 1,241.9 kn)
  • Aerotow speed: 200 km/h (124.3 mph; 108.0 kn)
  • Winch launch speed: 150 km/h (93.2 mph; 81.0 kn)
  • g limits: +7 -4 at 500 km/h (310.7 mph; 270.0 kn)
  • Maximum glide ratio: 20.2 at 87 km/h (54.1 mph; 47.0 kn)
  • Rate of sink: 1.04 m/s (205 ft/min) at 70 km/h (43.5 mph; 37.8 kn)
  • Wing loading: 29.7 kg/m2 (6.1 lb/sq ft)

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Piechowski, Piotr. "IS-4 Jastrząb". Piotr & Renate Piechowski. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Shenstone, B.S.; K.G. Wilkinson (1963). The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II (in Primarily English with French and German) (1st ed.). Zurich: Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale du Vol a Voile (OSTIV) and Schweizer Aero-Revue. pp. 172–173. 
  • Piechowski, Piotr. "IS-4 Jastrząb". Piotr & Renate Piechowski. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  • Shenstone, B.S.; K.G. Wilkinson (1963). The World's Sailplanes:Die Segelflugzeuge der Welt:Les Planeurs du Monde Volume II (in Primarily English with French and German) (1st ed.). Zurich: Organisation Scientifique et Technique Internationale du Vol a Voile (OSTIV) and Schweizer Aero-Revue. pp. 172–173. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Taylor, J. H. (ed) (1989) Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. Studio Editions: London. p. 29

External links[edit]