|ISO/IEC JTC 1 — Information Technology|
|Purpose/focus||Development of worldwide information and communications technology (ICT) standards for business and consumer applications|
ISO/IEC JTC 1 is Joint Technical Committee 1 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). It deals with all matters of information technology.
It was formed in 1987 as a merger between ISO/TC 97 (Information Technology) and IEC/TC 83, with IEC//SC 47B joining later. The intent was to bring together in a single Committee the Information Technology standardization activities of the two parent organizations.
Its official mandate is to develop, maintain, promote and facilitate IT standards required by global markets meeting business and user requirements concerning:
- the design and development of IT systems and tools
- the performance and quality of IT products and systems
- the security of IT systems and information
- the portability of application programs
- the interoperability of IT products and systems
- the unified tools and environments
- the harmonized IT vocabulary
- the user-friendly and ergonomically-designed user interfaces
Membership is open to any national body, in much the same way as membership in either of the two parent organizations. A member can be either participating (P) or observing (O) and the difference is mainly the ability to vote on proposed standards and other products. Other organizations participate as Liaison Members, some internal to ISO/IEC and some external. There is no requirement for any member body to maintain either (or any) status on all of the sub-committees. Although rare, sub-committees can be created to deal with new situations (SC 37 was approved in 2002) or disbanded if the area of work is no longer relevant.
- SC 02: Coded character sets
- SC 06: Telecommunications and information exchange between systems
- SC 07: Software and systems engineering
- SC 17: Cards and personal identification
- SC 22: Programming languages, their environments and system software interfaces
- SC 23: Digitally Recorded Media for Information Interchange and Storage
- SC 24: Computer graphics, image processing and environmental data representation
- SC 25: Interconnection of information technology equipment
- SC 27: IT Security techniques
- SC 28: Office equipment
- SC 29: Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information. Working groups include:
- SC 31: Automatic identification and data capture techniques
- SC 32: Data management and interchange
- SC 34: Document description and processing languages. Working groups include:
- SC 35: User interfaces
- SC 36: Information technology for learning, education and training. Working groups include:
- WG 1: Vocabulary
- WG 2: Collaborative and intelligent Technology
- WG 3: Participant Information
- WG 4: Management and Delivery
- WG 5: Quality Assurance and Descriptive Frameworks
- WG 6: Supportive Technology and Specification Integration
- WG 7: Culture, Language, and Individual Needs
- SC 37: Biometrics
- SC 38: Distributed Application Platform & Services (DAPS): which comprises 3 working groups
- WG 1: Web Services
- WG 2: Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)
- WG 3: Cloud Computing
- SC 39: Sustainability for and by Information Technology: was established in November 2012
Each of the Sub Committees can have Sub groups created for specific purposes:
- Study Groups (SG): These groups explore new ideas and analyse them to come out with recommendations. The recommendations need to be submitted to the SC for voting before being accepted. The acceptance of a proposal is decided democratically.
- Work Groups (WG #): These groups take forward the recommendations of the Study groups to come up with the final standard / modified standard. The final outcome is again put up for voting before being accepted.
See also 
- ISO. "JTC 1 - Information technology". ISO. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- http://www.iec.ch/dyn/www/f?p=102:7:0::::FSP_ORG_ID:3399[dead link]
- ISO. "JTC 1/SC 29 - Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information". Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- MPEG Committee. "MPEG - Moving Picture Experts Group". Retrieved 2009-11-07. [dead link]
- ISO. "MPEG Standards - Coded representation of video and audio". Retrieved 2009-11-07.
- MPEG. "About MPEG - Achievements". chiariglione.org. Retrieved 2009-10-31.
- ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29 (2009-05-07). "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 - Coding of Still Pictures (SC 29/WG 1 Structure)". Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- ISO. "JTC 1/SC 34 - Document description and processing languages". ISO. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- ISO. "ISO - ISO Standards - JTC 1/SC 36 - Information technology for learning, education and training". ISO. Retrieved 2010-03-08.