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ISO 14971 is an ISO standard for the application of risk management to medical devices. The ISO Technical Committee responsible for the maintenance of this standard is ISO TC 210 working with IEC/SC62A through Joint Working Group one (JWG1). This standard is the culmination of the work starting in ISO/IEC Guide 51, and ISO/IEC Guide 63. The latest significant revision was published in 2007 with a minor update published in 2009. In 2013, a technical report ISO/TR 24971  was published by ISO TC 210 to provide expert guidance on the application of this standard.
This standard establishes the requirements for risk management to determine the safety of a medical device by the manufacturer during the product life cycle. Such activity is required by higher level regulation and other quality management system standards such as ISO 13485.
In 2012, a European harmonized version of this standard was adopted by CEN as EN ISO 14971:2012. This version is harmonized with respect to the three European Directives associated with medical devices Medical Devices Directive 93/42/EEC, In-vitro Diagnostic Medical Device Directive 98/79/EC, and Active Implantable Medical Device Directive 90/385/EEC  through the three 'Zed' Annexes (ZA, ZB & ZC). This was done to address the presumed compliance with the 3 Directives that is obtained through notified body certification audits and regulatory submissions that claim compliance to this standard.
EN ISO 14971:2012 applies only to manufacturers with devices intended for the European market; for the rest of the world, ISO 14971:2007 remains the standard recommended for medical device risk management purposes.
- List of ISO standards
- ISO 13485
- Medical technology
- Medical device
- Medical Devices Directive
- Clinical Engineering
- System suitability test
- ISO 690
- ISO Catalogue: Medical devices -- Application of risk management to medical devices
- ISO 13485—Medical devices—Quality management systems—Requirements for regulatory purposes
- ISO TC 210—Quality management and corresponding general aspects for medical devices