ISO 3166-1 numeric

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

ISO 3166-1 numeric (or numeric-3) codes are three-digit country codes defined in ISO 3166-1, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), to represent countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. They are identical to the three-digit country codes developed and maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division, from which they originate in its UN M.49 standard. They were first included as part of the ISO 3166 standard in its second edition in 1981, but they have been released by the United Nations Statistics Division since as early as 1970.[1]

An advantage of numeric codes over alphabetic codes is script (writing system) independence.[2] The ISO 3166-1 alphabetic codes (alpha-2 and alpha-3) use letters from the English alphabet and are suitable for languages based on the Latin alphabet. For people and systems using non-Latin scripts (such as Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Cyrillic, Devanagari, Greek, Hangul, Hebrew and Japanese), the English alphabet may be unavailable or difficult to use, understand, or correctly interpret. While numeric codes overcome the problems of script dependence, this independence comes at the cost of loss of mnemonic convenience.

Current codes[edit]

Officially assigned code elements[edit]

The following is a complete list of the current officially assigned ISO 3166-1 numeric codes, using the English short country names officially used by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA):[3]

Code Country name
004 Afghanistan
008 Albania
010 Antarctica
012 Algeria
016 American Samoa
020 Andorra
024 Angola
028 Antigua and Barbuda
031 Azerbaijan
032 Argentina
036 Australia
040 Austria
044 Bahamas
048 Bahrain
050 Bangladesh
051 Armenia
052 Barbados
056 Belgium
060 Bermuda
064 Bhutan
068 Bolivia, Plurinational State of
070 Bosnia and Herzegovina
072 Botswana
074 Bouvet Island
076 Brazil
084 Belize
086 British Indian Ocean Territory
090 Solomon Islands
092 Virgin Islands, British
096 Brunei Darussalam
100 Bulgaria
104 Myanmar
108 Burundi
112 Belarus
116 Cambodia
120 Cameroon
124 Canada
132 Cape Verde
136 Cayman Islands
140 Central African Republic
144 Sri Lanka
148 Chad
152 Chile
156 China
158 Taiwan, Province of China
162 Christmas Island
166 Cocos (Keeling) Islands
170 Colombia
174 Comoros
175 Mayotte
178 Congo
180 Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
184 Cook Islands
188 Costa Rica
191 Croatia
192 Cuba
196 Cyprus
203 Czech Republic
204 Benin
208 Denmark
212 Dominica
214 Dominican Republic
218 Ecuador
222 El Salvador
226 Equatorial Guinea
231 Ethiopia
232 Eritrea
233 Estonia
234 Faroe Islands
238 Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
239 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
242 Fiji
246 Finland
248 Åland Islands
250 France
254 French Guiana
258 French Polynesia
260 French Southern Territories
262 Djibouti
266 Gabon
268 Georgia
270 Gambia
275 Palestine, State of
276 Germany
288 Ghana
292 Gibraltar
296 Kiribati
300 Greece
304 Greenland
308 Grenada
312 Guadeloupe
316 Guam
320 Guatemala
324 Guinea
328 Guyana
332 Haiti
334 Heard Island and McDonald Islands
336 Holy See (Vatican City State)
340 Honduras
344 Hong Kong
348 Hungary
352 Iceland
356 India
360 Indonesia
364 Iran, Islamic Republic of
368 Iraq
372 Ireland
376 Israel
380 Italy
384 Côte d'Ivoire
388 Jamaica
392 Japan
398 Kazakhstan
400 Jordan
404 Kenya
408 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
410 Korea, Republic of
414 Kuwait
417 Kyrgyzstan
418 Lao People's Democratic Republic
422 Lebanon
426 Lesotho
428 Latvia
430 Liberia
434 Libya
438 Liechtenstein
440 Lithuania
442 Luxembourg
446 Macao
450 Madagascar
454 Malawi
458 Malaysia
462 Maldives
466 Mali
470 Malta
474 Martinique
478 Mauritania
480 Mauritius
484 Mexico
492 Monaco
496 Mongolia
498 Moldova, Republic of
499 Montenegro
500 Montserrat
504 Morocco
508 Mozambique
512 Oman
516 Namibia
520 Nauru
524 Nepal
528 Netherlands
531 Curaçao
533 Aruba
534 Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
535 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba
540 New Caledonia
548 Vanuatu
554 New Zealand
558 Nicaragua
562 Niger
566 Nigeria
570 Niue
574 Norfolk Island
578 Norway
580 Northern Mariana Islands
581 United States Minor Outlying Islands
583 Micronesia, Federated States of
584 Marshall Islands
585 Palau
586 Pakistan
591 Panama
598 Papua New Guinea
600 Paraguay
604 Peru
608 Philippines
612 Pitcairn
616 Poland
620 Portugal
624 Guinea-Bissau
626 Timor-Leste
630 Puerto Rico
634 Qatar
638 Réunion
642 Romania
643 Russian Federation
646 Rwanda
652 Saint Barthélemy
654 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
659 Saint Kitts and Nevis
660 Anguilla
662 Saint Lucia
663 Saint Martin (French part)
666 Saint Pierre and Miquelon
670 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
674 San Marino
678 Sao Tome and Principe
682 Saudi Arabia
686 Senegal
688 Serbia
690 Seychelles
694 Sierra Leone
702 Singapore
703 Slovakia
704 Viet Nam
705 Slovenia
706 Somalia
710 South Africa
716 Zimbabwe
724 Spain
728 South Sudan
729 Sudan
732 Western Sahara
740 Suriname
744 Svalbard and Jan Mayen
748 Swaziland
752 Sweden
756 Switzerland
760 Syrian Arab Republic
762 Tajikistan
764 Thailand
768 Togo
772 Tokelau
776 Tonga
780 Trinidad and Tobago
784 United Arab Emirates
788 Tunisia
792 Turkey
795 Turkmenistan
796 Turks and Caicos Islands
798 Tuvalu
800 Uganda
804 Ukraine
807 Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
818 Egypt
826 United Kingdom
831 Guernsey
832 Jersey
833 Isle of Man
834 Tanzania, United Republic of
840 United States
850 Virgin Islands, U.S.
854 Burkina Faso
858 Uruguay
860 Uzbekistan
862 Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
876 Wallis and Futuna
882 Samoa
887 Yemen
894 Zambia

User-assigned code elements[edit]

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The numeric codes 900 to 999 can be user-assigned.

Deleted codes[edit]

When countries merge, split, or undergo territorial change, their numeric codes are deleted and new numeric codes are assigned. For example:

  • East Germany and West Germany used numeric codes 278 and 280 respectively before their unification in 1990. Since then, the unified Germany has used numeric code 276, while keeping the alphabetic codes for West Germany.
  • Ethiopia used numeric code 230 before Eritrea split away in 1993. Since then, Ethiopia has used numeric code 231, while keeping the same alphabetic codes.
  • Sudan used numeric code 736 before South Sudan split away in 2011. Since then, Sudan has used numeric code 729, while keeping the same alphabetic codes.

If a country changes its name without any territorial change, its numeric code remains the same. For example, when Burma was renamed Myanmar without territorial change in 1989, its alphabetic codes were changed, but its numeric code 104 has remained the same.

The following numeric codes have been deleted from ISO 3166-1:[4]

Code Country name
080 British Antarctic Territory
128 Canton and Enderbury Islands
200 Czechoslovakia
216 Dronning Maud Land
230 Ethiopia (before Eritrea split away in 1993)
249 France, Metropolitan
278 German Democratic Republic (i.e., East Germany)
280 Germany, Federal Republic of (i.e., West Germany)
396 Johnston Island
488 Midway Islands
530 Netherlands Antilles (after Aruba split away in 1986)
532 Netherlands Antilles (before Aruba split away in 1986)
536 Neutral Zone
582 Pacific Islands, Trust Territory of the
590 Panama (before adding Panama Canal Zone in 1979)
594 Panama Canal Zone
658 Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla
698 Sikkim
714 Viet-Nam, Republic of (i.e., South Vietnam)
720 Yemen, Democratic (i.e., South Yemen)
736 Sudan (before South Sudan split away in 2011)
810 USSR
849 U.S. Miscellaneous Pacific Islands
872 Wake Island
886 Yemen Arab Republic (i.e., North Yemen)
890 Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of
891 Serbia and Montenegro (original name: Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of)

The following numeric codes were also assigned by the United Nations Statistics Division, but these territories were never officially included in ISO 3166-1:[1]

Code Territory name
274 Gaza Strip (Palestine)
282 German Democratic Republic, Berlin
284 Germany, West Berlin
650 Ryukyu Islands
728 Spanish North Africa (note: this code is now used by South Sudan)
830 Channel Islands

In the UN M.49 standard developed by the United Nations Statistics Division, additional numeric codes are used to represent geographical regions and groupings of countries and areas for statistical processing purposes, but these codes are not included in ISO 3166-1. Unlike alphabetic codes, there are no reserved numeric codes in ISO 3166-1.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Appendix 1. United Nations Standard Country Codes". Cancer Registration: Principles and Methods, IARC Scientific Publication No. 95. International Agency for Research on Cancer. 1991. pp. 208–211. 
  2. ^ "ISO 3166 – FAQs – General questions". International Organization for Standardization (ISO). 
  3. ^ "Country names and code elements". ISO. 
  4. ^ Clive Feather (2003-07-25). "Country codes in ISO 3166 (Table 2: codes withdrawn from use)". 

Sources and external links[edit]