|Native to||Papua New Guinea|
|7,300 (2000 census)|
In 2002, there were estimated to be between 4,500 and 5,000 speakers, and this number does not appear to have declined since the first accurate count in the 1970s.
Abau is reported to have whistled speech.
/ə/ appears only in medial positions.
/r/ has several allophones: word-initially, it is [l], after /n/ it is [d], [r] intervocalically, and [t] or [ɺ] word-finally. /h/ becomes [ç] before /i/ and [ɸ] before /u/. Stops are voiced when following nasal consonants.
- Laycock, D.C. (1965), "Three Upper Sepik phonologies", Oceanic Linguistics 4 (1/2): 113–118, doi:10.2307/3622917, JSTOR 3622917
- Papuaweb - a collection of source materials on Abau (PDF format)
- Phonology Essentials - Abau Language - paper by Arjen Lock on phonology of the language (PDF format)
- Abau basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database
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