Saint Lucian Creole French

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Saint Lucian Creole
Kwéyòl, patwa
Native to Saint Lucia
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 360,000)[1]
French Creole
  • Haitian Creole
    • Antillean Creole
      • Saint Lucian Creole
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
acf – Saint Lucian Creole French
scf – San Miguel Creole French
Linguasphere 51-AAC-ccg

Saint Lucian Creole French is a French-based creole which is the generally spoken language in Saint Lucia.

History[edit]

It is a sub-variety of Antillean Creole, which is spoken in other islands of the Lesser Antilles and is very closely related to the varieties spoken in Martinique, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Grenada and Trinidad and Tobago. The intelligibility rate with speakers of other varieties of Antillean Creole is almost 100%. Its syntactic, grammatical and lexical features are virtually identical to that of Martinican Creole, though, like its Dominican counterpart, it includes more English loanwords than the Martinican variety.

Like the other Caribbean Creoles, Saint Lucian French Creole combines syntax of African and Carib origin with a primarily French-derived vocabulary.[citation needed] In addition, many expressions reflect the presence of an English Creole and Spanish influences are also present in the language. The language is not considered to be mutually intelligible with standard French, but is intelligible with the other French creoles of the Caribbean, including to some extent Haitian Creole.

It is still widely spoken in Saint Lucia, though the actual number of speakers appear to have declined in the past decades. In the mid 19th century it was exported to Panama, where it is now moribund.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Saint Lucian Creole French at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    San Miguel Creole French at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)