|Region||South-eastern Ghana, east of Accra|
|Latin (Adangme alphabet)|
Official language in
Adangme is spoken in Ghana by 800,000 people.
It is the aboriginal language spoken in Ghana by the people of Ada, Osudoku, Manya Krobo, Yilo Krobo, Shai, Ningo, Prampram and Kpone. It is true to say that at Kpone, though a Dangme town, the people speak Ga more than their indigenous language. However, this enigma brought about by their close association with the Gas is being solved gradually with the introduction of Adangme as a school subject in the Dangme areas. The land of these different tribes stretched from the coast northward to the Akwapim hills and has all the Dangmeland on the east and the Ga villages to the west of it. Bawaleshi, which is about 4.8 kilometers southwest of Dodowa, is the last Dangme town which is close to the Akwapim and the Ga boundaries. There are six main dialects which coincide with political divisions. The coastal dialects are Ada, Ningo and Prampram (Gbugbla). The inland dialects are Shai (Sɛ), Krobo (Klo) and Osudoku.
- /l/ has allophones [l] and [r]
- /j/ has an allophone [ʒ]
Adangme has 7 oral vowels and 5 nasal vowels.
|Close||i ĩ||u ũ|
|Open-mid||ɛ ɛ̃||ɔ ɔ̃|
Adangme has three tones: high, mid and low. Like many West African languages, it has tone terracing.
The possible syllable structures are V, CV, or CCV where the second consonant is /l/.
Adangme is written in the Latin script. Tones and nasalisation are not normally written.
Orthographic and phonemic correspondences include the following:
- j - /dʒ/
- ng - /ŋ/
- ngm - /ŋm/
- ny - /ɲ/
- ts - /tʃ/
- y - /j/
- ɛ - /ɛ/
- ɔ - /ɔ/
- M. E. Kropp Dakubu, ed. (1977). West African Language Data Sheets Vol 1. West African Linguistic Society.
- M. E. Kropp Dakubu, ed. (1988). The Languages of Ghana. London: Kegan Paul International for the International African Institute. ISBN 0-7103-0210-X.
- Language Guide. Accra: Bureau of Ghana Languages 4th Edition. 1977.
|Dangme language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|