Ngarinyin language

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Ngarinyin
Region Western Australia
Native speakers
60  (2006 census)[1]
Worrorran
  • Ngarinyin
Dialects
Ungarinjin
Guwidj (Orla)
Waladja
Ngarnawu
Andadjin
Munumburru
Wolyamidi
Waladjangarri
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ung – Ngarinyin
ajn – Andajin
AIATSIS[2] K18, K23, K25, K26
Glottolog ngar1284[3]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Ngarinyin (Ungarinjin), or Eastern Worrorran, is a moribund Australian Aboriginal language of Western Australia.

Classification[edit]

Ngarinyin is one of the Worrorran languages. It is a dialect cluster, and may be considered more than a single language; Bowern (2011) lists Ngarinyin, Andajin, and Worla.[4]

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Front Back
High i iː u uː
Mid e o
Low a aː

Consonants[edit]

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Lateral ʎ l ɭ
Rhotic r ɻ
Semivowel w j

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ngarinyin at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Andajin at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Ngarinyin at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ngarinyin". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Bowern, Claire. 2011. "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?", Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web, December 23, 2011 (corrected February 6, 2012)
  • Coate, H. H. J.; Elkin, A. P. (1974). Ngarinjin-English Dictionary. Sydney: Oceania Linguistic Monographs. 
  • Coate, H. H. J.; Oates, Lynette (1970). A Grammar of Ngarinjin. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Rumsey, A. (1982). An intra-sentence grammar of Ungarinjin, north-western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.