Apurinã language

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Native to Brazil
Region Amazonia
Native speakers
2,800  (2006)[1]
  • Southern
Language codes
ISO 639-3 apu
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Apurinã (Ipurina) is a Southern Maipurean language spoken in Amazonia by the Apurinã people. It has an active–stative syntax.[2]



Apurinã vowels are obligatorily nasalized by surrounding nasal vowels[clarification needed], even across word boundaries.[3]


Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar
or palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p t k
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Fricative s ʃ h
Flap ɾ
Approximant j ɰ


  • Da Silva Facundes, Sidney. The Language of the Apurinā People of Brazil (Maipure/Arawak). Ph.D. dissertation, SUNY Buffalo. [1]
  1. ^ Apurinã at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.
  3. ^ The World Atlas of Language Structures Online – Chapter 10 – Vowel Nasalization

External links[edit]