Apurinã language

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Apurinã
Native to Brazil
Region Amazonia
Native speakers
2,800  (2006)[1]
Arawakan
  • Southern
Language codes
ISO 639-3 apu
Glottolog apur1254[2]
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Apurinã (Ipurina) is a Southern Maipurean language spoken in Amazonia by the Apurinã people. It has an active–stative syntax.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Apurinã vowels are obligatorily nasalized by surrounding nasal vowels[clarification needed], even across word boundaries.[4]

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar
or palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p t k
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Fricative s ʃ h
Flap ɾ
Approximant j ɰ

References[edit]

  • Da Silva Facundes, Sidney. The Language of the Apurinā People of Brazil (Maipure/Arawak). Ph.D. dissertation, SUNY Buffalo. [1]
  1. ^ Apurinã at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Apurina". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.
  4. ^ The World Atlas of Language Structures Online – Chapter 10 – Vowel Nasalization

External links[edit]