Arabana language

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Arabana
Arabana-Wangkangurru
Region South Australia; west side Lake Eyre to Stuart Range, Maree, Port Augusta.
Native speakers
12  (2006 census)[1]
unlikely any speakers remain (2003) [2]
Dialects
Arabana
Pilta-Palta
Wangkakupa
Midlaliri
Mikiri-nganha[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ard – Arabana
wgg – Wangganguru
Glottolog arab1266[4]
AIATSIS[5] L13, L27

Arabana or Arabuna /ˈʌrəbʌnə/[6] is an Australian Aboriginal language of the Pama–Nyungan family.

Dialects[edit]

An Urabunna man making fire, c. 1904.

Wangganguru was a dialect.

Phonology[edit]

Most of the nasals and laterals are allophonically prestopped.[7]

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ~ bm ŋ ɲ ~ ɟɲ n̪ ~ d̪n̪ n ~ dn ɳ
Lateral ʎ ~ ɟʎ l̪ ~ d̪l̪ l ~ dl ɭ
Vibrant r
Approximant w j ɻ

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arabana at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Wangganguru at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_language.asp?code=ard
  3. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxvii
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Arabana–Wangganguru". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ Arabana at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  6. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  7. ^ Jeff Mielke, 2008. The emergence of distinctive features, p 135