Uradhi language

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Uradhi
Native to Australia
Region Cape York Peninsula, Queensland
Extinct (date missing)
Dialects
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
urf – Uradhi
amz – Atampaya
avm – Angkamuthi
yxm – Yinwum
xgd – Gudang
yty – Yatay
Glottolog urad1238  (Uradhi)[1]
urad1239  (Uradhic)[2]
yinw1236  (Yinwum)[3]
guda1244  (Gudang)[4]
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Urradhi is the south-western dialect of the Urradhi group of Paman languages on Cape York Peninsula of Queensland, Australia, and is possibly extinct. It is spoken by the Urradhi people, and is made of urra "this" and the proprietive dhi "having". The south-eastern dialect of the same language, Wudhadhi, is made of the same elements, wudha being "this". These are part of a group of closely related and highly mutually intelligible dialects, these being Angkamuthi to the north of Urradhi, Atampaya inland from these, Utudhanamu inland north from Atampaya, Yantaykenu further north, being the language of the Bamaga area, Yadhaykenu on the east coast north of Wudhadhi, and Yaraytyana further north again. (Adyinuri/Itinadyana may have been another.) This group has no common language name, though Urradhi is commonly used as a cover name. It is unknown when it went extinct.[5]

The Urradhi dialects are closely related to the Gudang language (Pantyinamu/Yatay/Gudang/Kartalaiga and other clan names), formerly spoken on the tip of Cape York.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Uradhi has four vowels:

Front Central Back
Unrounded Unrounded Rounded
Close i u
Mid e
Open a

Consonants[edit]

Uradhi has 18 consonants:

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Dental Alveolar Retroflex
Plosive p k c t
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n
Fricative β ɣ ð
Trill r
Approximant w j l ɻ

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Uradhi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Uradhic". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Yinwum". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Gudang". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. ^ SIL International

General[edit]

Crowley, T. (1983). "Uradhi". Handbook of Australian languages 3. pp. 306–428. 
Hale, Kenneth L. (1976). "Phonological developments in a Northern Paman language: Uradhi". Languages of Cape York. pp. 41–49.