Mexicanero language

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Mexicanero
Durango Aztec
Náhuat de Durango
Native to Mexico
Region South Durango, Nayarit
Native speakers
1,300  (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nlninclusive code
Individual codes:
azd – Eastern Durango Nahuatl
azn – Western Durango Nahuatl
Glottolog dura1246[2]

Mexicanero is the name used by the speakers of the isolated Nahuatl language spoken in southern Durango and Nayarit to refer to their language. It has around 1000 speakers in the remote towns of San Pedro Jícora and San Juan Buenaventura in the Mezquital municipality, Durango, where they coexist with speakers of Tepehuán, and some 300 speakers in the Acaponeta municipality of Nayarit. There are significant differences between the varieties of San Pedro Jícora on the one hand and San Agustín Buenaventura and Nayarit on the other. The language is vibrant and spoken by adults and children.[3]

Mexicanero is one of the peripheral Nahuatl dialects. It uses the -lo suffix to express plurality of subject. Due to the loss of certain syllables it has acquired phonemic stress.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mexicanero at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Eastern Durango Nahuatl at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Western Durango Nahuatl at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mexicanero". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Canger, Una. 1998. Náhuatl en Durango-Nayarit, in: IV Encuentro Internacional de Lingüística en el Noroeste s. 129-149, Estrada, Fernández, Zarina et al. Editorial Unison, Hermosillo, Sonora
  4. ^ Canger, Una (2001). Mexicanero de la Sierra Madre Occidental. Archivo de Lenguas Indígenas de México, #24. México D.F.: El Colegio de México. ISBN 968-12-1041-7. OCLC 49212643.  (Spanish)