Hina language

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Native to Cameroon
Region Far North Province
Native speakers
11,000  (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hna

The Mina language, also known by the names Hina and Besleri, is a Chadic language spoken in Northern Cameroon by 10,000 people. Frajzyngier & Johnston (2005) define three Mina dialects: Marbak, Kefedjevreng and Dzundzun, whereas Ethnologue defines the following three dialects Besleri, Jingjing (Dzumdzum), Gamdugun. While the relationship between the names Jingjing and Dzundzun is clear, the relationships between the four others is unclear. Mutual intelligibility between dialects is difficult to ascertain, but Frajzyngier & Johnston (2005:3) demonstrate one-way intelligibility between Dzundzun and Mina (presumably the Marbak dialect).

The speakers of Mina are generally bilingual, with Fulfulde (Fula) being the second language. Fulfulde is often joined by French as a third language in educated speakers.[2]


  1. ^ Mina at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Ethnologue 2005.


  • Frajzyngier, Zygmunt & Johnston, Eric. (2005). A Grammar of Mina. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Newman, Paul. (1992). "Chadic Languages." In: Bright, William. International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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