Integrin alpha-IIb is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ITGA2Bgene.
ITGA2B encodes integrin alpha chain 2b. Integrins are heterodimeric integral membrane proteins composed of an alpha chain and a beta chain. Alpha chain 2b undergoes post-translational cleavage to yield disulfide-linked light and heavy chains that join with beta 3 to form a fibrinogen receptor expressed in platelets that plays a crucial role in coagulation. Mutations that interfere with this role result in thrombasthenia. In addition to adhesion, integrins are known to participate in cell-surface mediated signalling.
^Kato, Atsushi; Kawamata Norihiko; Tamayose Kenji; Egashira Motoki; Miura Rika; Fujimura Tsutomu; Murayama Kimie; Oshimi Kazuo (Aug 2002). "Ancient ubiquitous protein 1 binds to the conserved membrane-proximal sequence of the cytoplasmic tail of the integrin alpha subunits that plays a crucial role in the inside-out signaling of alpha IIbbeta 3". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 277 (32): 28934–41. doi:10.1074/jbc.M204340200. ISSN0021-9258. PMID12042322.