I Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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I Corps
1 nci Kolordu / Birinci Kolordu
Active 1911–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Garrison/HQ Harbiye, Constantinople
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Gallipoli Campaign (World War I)

The I Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 1 nci Kolordu or Birinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Formation[edit]

Order of Battle, 1911[edit]

With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the I Corps was headquartered in Harbiye. The Corps before the First Balkan War in 1911 was structured as such:[1]

  • I Corps, Harbiye, Constantinople (Ferik Zeki Pasha)
    • 1st Infantry Division, Harbiye, Constantinople
      • 1st Infantry Regiment, Harbiye, Constantinople
      • 2nd Infantry Regiment, Bakırköy, Constantinople
      • 3rd Infantry Regiment, İşkodra
      • 1st Rifle Battalion, Taksim, Constantinople
      • 1st Field Artillery Regiment, Taksim, Constantinople
      • 1st Division Band, Harbiye, Constantinople
    • 2nd Infantry Division, Selimiye, Constantinople (Mirliva Prens Aziz Pasha)
      • 4th Infantry Regiment, İşkodra
      • 5th Infantry Regiment, Selimiye, Constantinople
      • 6th Infantry Regiment, Selimiye, Constantinople
      • 2nd Rifle Battalion, Selimiye, Constantinople
      • 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, Selimiye, Constantinople
      • 2nd Division Band, Selimiye, Constantinople
    • 3rd Infantry Division, Pangaltı, Constantinople (Mirliva Osman Pasha)
      • 7th Infantry Regiment, Taşkışla, Constantinople
      • 8th Infantry Regiment, Taşkışla, Constantinople
      • 9th Infantry Regiment, Kağıthane, Constantinople
      • 3rd Rifle Battalion, Tophane, Constantinople
      • 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, Rami Kışlası, Constantinople
      • 3rd Division Band, Taşkışla, Constantinople
  • Units of I Corps
  • 1st Rifle Regiment, Yıldız, Constantinople
  • 1st Cavalry Brigade, Davutpaşa, Constantinople
    • 1st Cavalry Regiment, Yıldız, Constantinople
    • 2nd Cavalry Regiment, Davutpaşa, Constantinople
  • 2nd Cavalry Brigade, Davutpaşa, Constantinople
    • 3rd Cavalry Regiment, Davutpaşa, Constantinople
    • 4th Cavalry Regiment, Selimiye, Constantinople
  • 1st Horse Artillery Battalion, Davutpaşa, Constantinople
  • 1st Mountain Artillery Battalion, Münzevî Kışlası, Constantinople
  • 1st Field Howitzer Battalion, Gümüşsuyu, Constantinople
  • 1st Engineer Battalion, İplikhane, Constantinople
  • 1st Telegraph Battalion, Ertuğrul Kışlası, Constantinople
  • 1st Medical Battalion, Ahırkapı, Constantinople
  • 1st Railroad Battalion, Ahırkapı, Constantinople
  • 2nd Railroad Battalion, Ahırkapı, Constantinople
  • War Academy, Harbiye, Constantinople
    • Cavalry Squadron, Harbiye, Constantinople
    • Infantry Company, Harbiye, Constantinople
    • Provisional Companies x 2, Harbiye, Constantinople
    • Machine-gun Company, Harbiye, Constantinople
  • Bosporus Fortified Area Command, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • 1st Heavy Artillery Regiment, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • 2nd Heavy Artillery Regiment, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • Searchlight Detachment, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • Torpedo Detachment, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • Mine Detachment, Bosporus, Constantinople
    • Wireless Detachment, Bosporus, Constantinople

Balkan Wars[edit]

Order of Battle, October 17, 1912[edit]

On October 17, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[2]

Order of Battle, October 29, 1912[edit]

On October 29, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[3]

Order of Battle, November 17, 1912[edit]

On November 17, 1912, the corps was structured as follows:[4]

Order of Battle, March 25, 1913[edit]

On March 25, 1913, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

Order of Battle, July 1913[edit]

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, August 1914, November 1914[edit]

In August 1914, November 1914, the corps was structured as follows:[6]

Order of Battle, Late April 1915[edit]

In Late April 1915, the corps was structured as follows:[7]

  • I Corps (Thrace)
    • 1st Division, 2nd Division

Order of Battle, Late Summer 1915, January 1916[edit]

In Late Summer 1915, January 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[8]

  • I Corps (Gallipoli)
    • 2nd Division, 3rd Division

Order of Battle, August 1916[edit]

In August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[9]

Order of Battle, December 1916[edit]

In December 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[10]

  • I Corps (Thrace)
    • 14th Division, 16th Division

Order of Battle, August 1917, January 1918, June 1918, September 1918[edit]

In August 1917, January 1918, June 1918, September 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[11]

  • I Corps (Thrace)
    • 42nd Division

After Mudros[edit]

Order of Battle, November 1918[edit]

In November 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[12]

Order of Battle, January 1919[edit]

In January 1919, the corps was structured as follows:[13][14]

  • I Corps (Thrace, Adrianople; present day Edirne)
    • 49th Division (Kırkkilise; present day Kırklareli)
      • 153rd Infantry Regiment, 154th Infantry Regiment, 155th Infantry Regiment, 185th Infantry Regiment
    • 60th Division (Malkara)
      • 186th Infantry Regiment, 187th Infantry Regiment

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, pp. 371–372.
  2. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 83.
  3. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 103.
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 128.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 287.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 38, 43.
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 86.
  8. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 109, 126.
  9. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 134.
  10. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 154.
  11. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 170, 181, 188, 197.
  12. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.
  13. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 209.
  14. ^ Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 326.