List of I Love Lucy episodes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from I Love Lucy episodes)
Jump to: navigation, search

I Love Lucy is an American television sitcom starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance, and William Frawley. The black-and-white series originally ran from October 15, 1951, to May 6, 1957, on the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS). All 180 episodes aired on Mondays.

Series overview[edit]

Season Episodes Originally aired DVD release date
Season premiere Season finale Region 1
1 35 October 15, 1951 June 9, 1952 September 23, 2003 (2003-09-23)[1]
2 31 September 15, 1952 June 29, 1953 August 31, 2004 (2004-08-31)[2]
3 31 October 5, 1953 May 24, 1954 February 1, 2005 (2005-02-01)[3]
4 30 October 4, 1954 May 30, 1955 May 3, 2005 (2005-05-03)[4]
5 26 October 3, 1955 May 14, 1956 August 16, 2005 (2005-08-16)[5]
6 27 October 1, 1956 May 6, 1957 May 2, 2006 (2006-05-02)[6]
Comedy
Hour 1
5 November 6, 1957 April 14, 1958 March 13, 2007 (2007-03-13)[7]
Comedy
Hour 2
5 October 6, 1958 June 5, 1959
Comedy
Hour 3
3 September 25, 1959 April 1, 1960

Episodes[edit]

Season 1 (1951–52)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 The Girls Want to Go to a Nightclub Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels September 15, 1951 October 15, 1951
The Ricardos and the Mertzes agree to celebrate the Mertzes' wedding anniversary together. The girls decide on The Copacabana. The men opt for the prize fights. An old friend helps the girls play a trick on their husbands, but the men see through the ruse and turn the tables.
2 Be a Pal Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels September 21, 1951 October 22, 1951
Lucy thinks Ricky is losing interest in her. Ethel finds a book full of advice on how to rekindle the flame, and insists that Lucy take up Ricky's interests. Her attachment quickly becomes very annoying after failed attempts at seducing Ricky and joining his card game. Determined to remind Ricky of his childhood in Cuba, Lucy puts on a performance as Carmen Miranda.
3 The Diet Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels September 28, 1951 October 29, 1951
Ricky provides an incentive for Lucy's diet by telling her she can appear in his show if she can fit into a size 12. Can Lucy resist the temptations of eating?
4 Lucy Thinks Ricky Is Trying to Murder Her Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels September 8, 1951 November 5, 1951
After reading a murder mystery and listening to Ethel's fortune-telling, Lucy concludes that Ricky is trying to do away with her.
5 The Quiz Show Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels October 5, 1951 November 12, 1951
Desperate to win a $1000 jackpot to balance her household accounts, Lucy agrees to a quiz show stunt in which she has to introduce a stranger to Ricky as her "long lost husband." Frank Nelson makes the first of several appearances as game show emcee "Freddie Fillmore".
6 The Audition Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels October 12, 1951 November 19, 1951
Ricky tries to keep Lucy away from the club while he does a TV audition, but when a clown has an accident and can't make it, Lucy shows up in his place. (This is a remake of an original unaired pilot that was considered "lost" until 1990.)
7 The Séance Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels October 19, 1951 November 26, 1951
Lucy and Ethel have taken up the art of Numerology. When Ricky and Fred scoff, Lucy arranges for a "spirit" to show up at a séance that evening. Problems arise when Ricky and Lucy have the same idea!
8 Men Are Messy Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels October 25, 1951 December 3, 1951
Tired of Ricky's messy habits, Lucy divides the apartment in half—he can be a slob in his half, but not hers. Lucy gets the door and kitchen, while Ricky gets the bathroom and bedrooms. Unfortunately, Ricky-and his apartment-are going to appear in a magazine spread, and the photographer comes to the apartment!
9 The Fur Coat Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels November 9, 1951 December 10, 1951
Ricky borrows a mink coat for an act at the club, but Lucy thinks it's for her, and won't take it off. He arranges for Fred to pose as a burglar and "steal", it, but when a real thief comes in, Lucy manages to hang on to it!
10 Lucy Is Jealous of Girl Singer Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels November 16, 1951 December 17, 1951
Lucy, upset by a gossip column item that links Ricky's name with a girl at the club, dons a disguise and heads for the Tropicana.
11 Drafted Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels November 2, 1951 December 24, 1951
Lucy intercepts a letter for Ricky that asks him to appear at a local Army station. She becomes convinced that he has been drafted. When Ricky asks Fred to join him, Ethel thinks the same, and they begin knitting their husbands going away presents. Ricky and Fred, however, think the girls are pregnant.
12 The Adagio Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels November 23, 1951 December 31, 1951
Lucy hears that Ricky needs a dancer for the Parisian Apache dance number at the club, and thinks she can fill the bill. But her Parisian dance teacher has more than dancing in mind.
13 The Benefit Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels November 30, 1951 January 7, 1952
Ethel wants Ricky for the club's benefit show, but Lucy thinks a husband and wife team would be more appropriate.

Note: This episode was edited together with the episodes "Breaking the Lease" and "The Ballet", along with twenty minutes of new footage to create the unreleased I Love Lucy movie in 1953.

14 The Amateur Hour Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels December 7, 1951 January 14, 1952
Lucy makes an unexpected leap into show business when she takes care of a young boy who is to appear in an amateur hour. His desperate mother drops off his twin brother without telling Lucy, leaving her to take care of both rambunctiously rude children.
15 Lucy Plays Cupid Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels December 13, 1951 January 21, 1952
Lucy's neighbor, Miss Lewis, has her eye on Mr. Ritter, the grocer. Lucy tries her hand at playing Cupid, but Mr. Ritter thinks that her dropped hints mean that she is attracted to him! Lucy must make herself a little less desirable to scare Mr. Ritter off.

Guest Stars: Bea Benaderet as Miss Lewis and Edward Everett Horton as Mr. Ritter. Benaderet was one of the original choices to play Ethel Mertz but was unavailable.

16 Lucy Fakes Illness Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels December 18, 1951 January 28, 1952
Lucy fears that if Ricky keeps refusing to hire her as part of his night club act, she may just have a nervous breakdown. She suffers from the "three stages" of one-amnesia, delusions of being Tallulah Bankhead and regression to childish behavior. Ricky learns of the trick and quickly turns the tables by inviting a "doctor" to the house to examine Lucy! Hal March appears as "himself".
17 Lucy Writes a Play Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels December 22, 1951 February 4, 1952
Playwright Lucy pens a drama with a Cuban locale. She figures Ricky for the star. The hitch: he refuses the part. So she changes her play from Cuba to England and has Fred take Ricky's spot. However, Ricky has decided to surprise Lucy and appear in the play...only problem is he has the wrong script.
18 Breaking the Lease Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels January 5, 1952 February 11, 1952
Everyone is having fun at a mirth-filled "at home" evening with the Ricardos and Mertzes. But when the Ricardos continue singing after Fred and Ethel go back downstairs to their apartment, the Mertzes, as landlords, decide that the Ricardos' merrymaking has gone too far.

Notes: I Love Lucy was briefly a radio program, also, and this episode, retitled "The Lease Breakers," was broadcast on February 27, 1952. Also, this episode was edited together with the episodes "The Benefit" and "The Ballet" to create the unreleased I Love Lucy movie.

19 The Ballet Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels January 11, 1952 February 18, 1952
Lucy performs an unexpected stint as a ballerina, then has a lesson in burlesque from a professional comic. Included is the classic routine "Slowly I Turned". Mary Wickes appears as the ballet teacher.

Notes: This episode was edited together with the episodes "The Benefit" and "Breaking the Lease" to create the unreleased I Love Lucy movie.

20 The Young Fans Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels January 18, 1952 February 25, 1952
A teenager (Janet Waldo) has a crush on Ricky. Lucy tries pairing her up with another teenager (Richard Crenna) who quickly thinks that Lucy herself has feelings for him! The "old" couple decide to make themselves appear a bit longer in the tooth to fool their young chargers.
21 New Neighbors Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels January 25, 1952 March 3, 1952
After snooping in the new tenant's apartment, she finds herself over-hearing the couple talking about murdering her and Ricky; stealing their identities; and then blowing up the Capitol. Little does Lucy realize that the new tenants are rehearsing a scene for their job. Lucy sneaks out of the apartment and puts the apartment on lock-down as the Ricardos and Mertzes prepare to defend themselves. Hayden Rorke and K.T. Stevens guest star as the new tenants.
22 Fred and Ethel Fight Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels January 30, 1952 March 10, 1952
The Mertzes have a row, and Lucy makes an attempt to patch up their marriage. In the end, it isn't their marriage that's in trouble; it's her own.
23 The Moustache Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels February 8, 1952 March 17, 1952
When Ricky grows a moustache, Lucy decides to fight fire with fire—she acquires a white beard. Things go bad when the beard won't come off and a movie agent decides to visit Ricky at the apartment.
24 The Gossip Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels February 15, 1952 March 24, 1952
The boys try to prove that women are bigger gossips than men.
25 Pioneer Women Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels February 22, 1952 March 31, 1952
The Mertzes and the Ricardos bet they can live the same pioneer existence as their ancestors. This episode contains the classic moment when Lucy's loaf of bread explodes from the oven.
26 The Marriage License Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels February 28, 1952 April 7, 1952
After taking another look at her marriage license, Lucy is not sure that she and Ricky are man and wife.
27 The Kleptomaniac Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels March 7, 1952 April 14, 1952
Ricky finds some extra money and silverware in the apartment and jumps to the conclusion that Lucy is a kleptomaniac. Joseph Kearns guest stars.
28 Cuban Pals Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels March 14, 1952 April 21, 1952
A visiting Cuban dance troupe asks Ricky to do a number with "Little Renita Perez"—a little girl he used to dance with in Havana. Lucy's all for it—until she finds out that "Little Renita" isn't so "little" anymore. She takes Renita's place at the club-but Ricky switches numbers, and Lucy is chased by a man in full voodoo garb!
29 The Freezer Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels March 21, 1952 April 28, 1952
Lucy and Ethel have a meat freezer installed in the basement and celebrate by buying two sides of beef, unaware of how much a side is. Now they must try to get rid of the excess, by peddling it to customers outside a grocery, before Ricky and Fred find out. Lucy learns the hard way how cold it is - she gets locked inside and is frozen stiff!
30 Lucy Does a TV Commercial Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels March 28, 1952 May 5, 1952
Ricky needs a girl to act in a commercial for his television debut. Lucy immediately volunteers, but Ricky denies her. Irrepressible Lucy goes to the set anyway, and ends up in the sponsor's "Vitameatavegamin" health tonic commercial. As the tonic is 23% alcohol, Lucy soon ends up completely drunk.
31 The Publicity Agent Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels April 4, 1952 May 12, 1952
Feeling that Ricky's publicity has fallen off, Lucy dreams up a stunt which involves her posing as the "Maharincess of Franistan."
32 Lucy Gets Ricky on the Radio Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels April 11, 1952 May 19, 1952
Lucy is so impressed at Ricky's correct answers to a radio quiz show that she gets him on the show as a contestant.
33 Lucy's Schedule Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels April 18, 1952 May 26, 1952
After being late for dinner with his new boss (Gale Gordon), Ricky is determined to teach Lucy the importance of punctuality, so he puts her on a rigid time schedule. Gordon was one of the early choices to play Fred Mertz but was unavailable. He later starred with Lucille Ball in each of her later series.
34 Ricky Thinks He's Getting Bald Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels April 25, 1952 June 2, 1952
Ricky's receding hairline is giving him much concern, so Lucy decides to give him painful scalp treatments.
35 Ricky Asks for a Raise Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels May 2, 1952 June 9, 1952
At Lucy's insistence, Ricky tries to pressure his boss (Gale Gordon's second appearance as "Mr. Littlefield") into giving him a raise...only to get him fired. To get his job back, Lucy and the Mertzes pose as various club-goers who leave after hearing Ricky isn't performing at the club anymore.

Season 2 (1952–53)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 Job Switching Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 30, 1952 September 15, 1952
Ricky and Fred think doing housework is much easier than earning money. Lucy and Ethel feel the opposite. So the boys try doing the housework while the girls attempt to hold down a job at a candy factory. Problems soon arise on both fronts. Ricky and Fred cause a huge mess in the apartment by burning the clothes with irons and getting food all over the kitchen. Lucy and Ethel find themselves fighting against a speedy belt of chocolate. Elvia Allman guest stars.
  • In 1996, TV Guide included this episode as part of its "100 Most Memorable Moments in TV History", ranking it # 2.[8]
  • In the 2013 Paley Center for Media television special TV's Funniest of the Funniest, the candy factory scene was ranked first among the 30 funniest moments in TV history,[9] with only one moment eligible per TV series.
2 The Saxophone Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher June 6, 1952 September 22, 1952
Lucy plots to join Ricky's band for a series of one-night engagements by trying to play a saxophone. There's only one problem: she can't play a single note.
3 The Anniversary Present Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels May 9, 1952 September 29, 1952
Ricky asks a neighbor, Grace Foster (Gloria Blondell), to help him surprise Lucy with an anniversary present, but Lucy gets the wrong idea.
4 The Handcuffs Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels May 16, 1952 October 6, 1952
One of Lucy's practical jokes backfires when she and Ricky are locked without a key in a pair of antique handcuffs.
5 The Operetta Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Marc Daniels May 23, 1952 October 13, 1952
Lucy and Ethel decide to write an operetta, and Lucy pays for the costumes and scenery with a post-dated check. Meanwhile, Ethel and Ricky persuade the chorus to join in whenever Lucy, playing "Camille, Queen of the Gypsies," starts to sing.
6 Vacation from Marriage Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher August 1, 1952 October 27, 1952
Bored with married life, Lucy and Ethel decide that a few days away from their husbands would be a welcome change.
7 The Courtroom Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher August 8, 1952 November 10, 1952
The Ricardos buy the Mertzes a new TV set for their wedding anniversary. When Ricky tries hooking it up, the picture tube explodes! In retaliation, Fred marches up to the Ricardo apartment and kicks in their own picture tube. The whole issue ends up with both couples in court.
8 Redecorating Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher August 15, 1952 November 17, 1952
Ricky decides to fool Lucy into thinking she's won a new home furnishings contest. But the joke backfires when Lucy sells all their furniture.
9 Ricky Loses His Voice Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher August 22, 1952 November 24, 1952
Ricky catches a cold and loses his voice during rehearsals for a new show, prompting Lucy to secretly stage the show herself. Arthur Q. Bryan appears as Ricky's new boss.
10 Lucy Is Enceinte Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 3, 1952 December 8, 1952
Lucy feels strange, and tells Ethel. She responds by suggesting Lucy might be pregnant! Lucy laughs...but comes back from a doctor's visit and reveals that Ethel was right. Lucy tries to prepare the "perfect" moment to tell Ricky, but his business at the club keeps him away. Eventually, Lucy anonymously requests that Ricky perform his song "We're Having A Baby" at the club. Ricky gets quite a surprise when he finds out who requested the song!
1The title of the episode uses the French word for "pregnant," Ball's way to get around the network censor restriction at the time which barred the word "pregnant" from being spoken or referred to directly.
11 Pregnant Women Are Unpredictable Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 10, 1952 December 15, 1952
With the baby coming, Ricky decides that Lucy should stay in bed while he does the chores.Lucy thinks it is just because of the baby.
12 Lucy's Show Biz Swan Song Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 17, 1952 December 22, 1952
Even with motherhood fast approaching, Lucy still wants to be in Ricky's "Gay 90's Revue."
13 Lucy Hires an English Tutor Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 24, 1952 December 29, 1952
Lucy wants her baby to be raised in the "proper vocal environment," so she hires a tutor (Hans Conried) to teach Ricky proper English diction. The tutor turns out to be a struggling actor, and hopes that Ricky will give him a break. Lucy, Ricky, Fred, and Ethel all sing a ridiculous song composed by the tutor.
14 Ricky Has Labor Pains Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 31, 1952 January 5, 1953
With all the attention that mother-to-be Lucy has been getting, father-to-be Ricky feels neglected.
15 Lucy Becomes a Sculptress Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 7, 1952 January 12, 1953
No child should grow up without artistic influence, so Lucy takes up sculpting. When Ricky scoffs, Lucy arranges for an art critic to arrive and judge her work. When her sculpture accidentally breaks, though, she ends up disguising herself as a bust to fool the critic.
16 Lucy Goes to the Hospital Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 14, 1952 January 19, 1953
With the baby due at any moment, Ricky and the Mertzes carefully rehearse the trip to the hospital. But when the fateful moment actually comes, things don't go quite so smoothly. When they eventually get there, Lucy stays in labor for quite a while, so Ricky goes to do a show at the club. He is in full tribal face makeup when the call comes from the hospital, and he rushes over still in costume!
2This episode aired the same day Lucille Ball's son Desi Arnaz, Jr. was born. For five episodes after this one, any scene featuring Lucy was filmed in advance to accommodate Ball's leave, with bookending scenes featuring only the other cast members filmed closer to the actual airdate.
17 Sales Resistance Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher August 29, 1952 January 26, 1953
When Lucy buys yet another new gadget, Ricky complains that she's "got no sales resistance." Sheldon Leonard guest stars as the salesman.
18 Inferiority Complex Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 6, 1952 February 2, 1953
A handsome psychiatrist might be the cure for Lucy's "inferiority complex." Gerald Mohr guest stars as "Dr. Molin" (aka "Chuck Stewart").
19 The Club Election Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 12, 1952 February 16, 1953
It's Lucy versus Ethel for President of the Wednesday Afternoon Fine Arts League.
20 The Black Eye Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 19, 1952 March 9, 1953
The Mertzes won't accept Lucy's truthful explanation of how she got a black eye.
21 Lucy Changes Her Mind Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 26, 1952 March 30, 1953
Whether it's getting dressed or ordering dinner at a restaurant, Lucy seems unable to finish anything without changing her mind. Ricky loses his temper, so Lucy tries to play a trick with an old, unfinished love letter to a beau from high school. Fred warns Ricky of Lucy's plot, and Lucy is soon in over her head.
22 No Children Allowed Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 20, 1953 April 20, 1953
The Ricardos' lease says no children allowed, and the squalling new baby doesn't help matters with the landlord. This episode marked the beginning of a recurring character- Mrs. Trumbull (Elizabeth Patterson).
23 Lucy Hires a Maid Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 27, 1953 April 27, 1953
Ricky hires a maid because Lucy keeps falling asleep during the day from staying up nights with the new baby. Verna Felton guest stars as the pushy, demanding maid.
24 The Indian Show Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 3, 1953 May 4, 1953
Ricky is planning an Indian number for his nightclub act, and assumes that motherhood has ended Lucy's show business ambitions. No such luck, as Lucy persuades the girl singer in the number to switch places with her.
25 Lucy's Last Birthday Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 10, 1953 May 11, 1953
When it seems that everyone has forgotten Lucy's birthday, she becomes depressed and wanders around town. She meets the "Friends of the Friendless" in the park, and joins the ranks of the unhappy mob. They all march to Ricky's club to protest-where a surprise party is waiting for the birthday girl! This episode features Ricky singing "I Love Lucy", a version of the show's theme song with lyrics.
26 The Ricardos Change Apartments Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 16, 1953 May 18, 1953
Lucy thinks they need a bigger apartment, but Ricky says they can't afford it.
27 Lucy Is Matchmaker Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 25, 1953 May 25, 1953
Lucy tries to fix up her girlfriend with a bachelor friend of the Mertzes but ends up as an unwitting third party in a love triangle. Hal March guest stars.
28 Lucy Wants New Furniture Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 1, 1953 June 1, 1953
When Lucy buys a new sofa and coffee table without Ricky's permission, he says she'll have to pay for it out of her allowance. To save money, Lucy attempts to make her own clothes and gives herself a home perm.
29 The Camping Trip Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 8, 1953 June 8, 1953
Lucy develops an annoying attachment to Ricky. She finally goes too far when she decides to join him and his friends on a camping trip. Fred suggests that Ricky take Lucy into the wilderness for some "camping practice" to scare her, but Lucy and Ethel team up to thwart their husbands.
30 Ricky and Fred Are TV Fans Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 22, 1953 June 22, 1953
Ricky and Fred are excited about watching a big fight on TV. Lucy and Ethel claim that they will have a wonderful time away from their husbands. While Ricky and Fred stay glued to the set, Lucy and Ethel are mistaken for jewel thieves. Frank Nelson and Allen Jenkins guest star.
31 Never Do Business With Friends Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 29, 1953 June 29, 1953
A beautiful friendship is almost ruined when the Ricardos sell their old washing machine to the Mertzes, who find that it needs repairs and demand their money back, but then change their mind again. In the ensuing argument over who owns the machine, the couples push the washer off the balcony.Herb Vigran guest stars.

Season 3 (1953–54)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 Ricky's 'Life' Story Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher May 15, 1953 October 5, 1953
A magazine does a picture story on Ricky's life, but Lucy's not in it. Lucy decides to upstage Ricky during his "Lady in Spain" number at the club.
2 The Girls Go Into Business Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 11, 1953 October 12, 1953
Lucy and Ethel buy a dress shop on a shoestring, but they wind up in the red.
3 Lucy and Ethel Buy the Same Dress Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 17, 1953 October 19, 1953
The girls are going to appear on TV with their club, having chosen to sing Cole Porter's "Friendship" in celebration of their bond. Everybody's pleased, until the two women buy the same dress for the occasion.
4 Equal Rights Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 24, 1953 October 26, 1953
Tired of Ricky and Fred's attitude towards them, the girls demand equal rights. Ricky and Fred turn the tables on them when, out to dinner, they call for separate checks, and Ethel and Lucy, lacking any money in their purses, must wash dishes to pay for their meals.
5 Baby Pictures Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 1, 1953 November 2, 1953
The Ricardos have decided they're not going to brag about their new baby.
6 Lucy Tells the Truth Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 8, 1953 November 9, 1953
Ricky bets Lucy that she can't go twenty-four hours without telling a fib. Problems begin when Lucy starts being brutally frank with everyone.
7 The French Revue Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 15, 1953 November 16, 1953
Ricky's going to stage a French Revue at his club and Lucy bets him fifty dollars that she can get into the act no matter what he does to stop her.
8 Redecorating the Mertzes' Apartment Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 22, 1953 November 23, 1953
The Ricardos help the Mertzes redecorate their apartment. They paint the walls and cover the furniture - in typical Ricardo fashion.
9 Too Many Crooks Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 29, 1953 November 30, 1953
The police are looking for "Madame X," the mysterious cat burglar. Due to mutual misunderstandings, Lucy is suspected by the Mertzes, and Ethel is suspected by the Ricardos.
10 Changing the Boys' Wardrobe Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 5, 1953 December 7, 1953
Ricky and Fred infuriate the girls by wearing their oldest clothes in public. So Lucy and Ethel secretly sell their husbands' clothes to a second-hand clothes dealer. Hans Conried guest stars.
11 Lucy Has Her Eyes Examined Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 12, 1953 December 14, 1953
A visit to the eye doctor leaves Lucy's vision hopelessly blurred for the rest of the day. But that doesn't stop her from auditioning a jitterbug number at the club.
12 Ricky's Old Girlfriend Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 19, 1953 December 21, 1953
Lucy wants to know about Ricky's old girlfriends, so he invents one named Carlotta Romero. Then a singer with that name shows up in town.
13 The Million-Dollar Idea Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 26, 1953 January 11, 1954
Lucy concocts a delicious salad dressing, and Fred tells her she ought to sell it. Marketing the product as "Aunt Martha's Old Fashioned Salad Dressing," the girls manage to receive hundreds of orders. The problem: they've priced the product so cheaply that it will cost them rather than make them money.
14 Ricky Minds the Baby Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 3, 1953 January 18, 1954
Ricky decides that Lucy deserves a rest, so he offers to take care of Little Ricky, who wanders into the Mertzs' apartment while he is distracted.
15 The Charm School Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 10, 1953 January 25, 1954
After seeing the boys give a pretty girl the eye, Lucy and Ethel decide to go to charm school. Future Gilligan's Island star Natalie Schafer appears as the charm school instructor.
16 Sentimental Anniversary Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 17, 1953 February 1, 1954
It's the Ricardos' wedding anniversary, and they plan to spend it alone, together. That's the plan, anyway.
17 Fan Magazine Interview Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher January 7, 1954 February 8, 1954
The Ricardos prepare for an interview with a reporter from a fan magazine by putting on their best clothes and manners.
18 Oil Wells Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher January 14, 1954 February 15, 1954
Lucy and Ethel learn that their new neighbors own stock in a Texas oil well.
19 Ricky Loses His Temper Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher January 21, 1954 February 22, 1954
Lucy has a scheme that's sure to net her a new hat. All she has to do is get Ricky to lose his temper.
20 Home Movies Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher January 28, 1954 March 1, 1954
Ricky's home movies inspire Lucy to become a professional moviemaker, with disastrous results when Ricky's TV pilot is shown with Lucy's footage (which was a disaster to begin with) spliced in.
21 Bonus Bucks Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 4, 1954 March 8, 1954
Lucy has the winning dollar bill in the newspaper's "Bonus Buck" contest, but lets it slip through her fingers. Now she has only a few hours left to get it back.
22 Ricky's Hawaiian Vacation Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 11, 1954 March 22, 1954
Ricky's band gets an offer to play in Honolulu. Lucy disguises herself as her mother and goes on a TV game show to try to raise enough money so she and Mertzes can go along.
23 Lucy Is Envious Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 16, 1954 March 29, 1954
After Lucy inadvertently pledges a five-hundred dollar donation to the charity run by her rich high-school pal, she and Ethel pose as "women from Mars" to earn the money. Herb Vigran guest stars.
24 Lucy Writes a Novel Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 4, 1954 April 5, 1954
Lucy reads about a housewife who makes a fortune writing a novel in her spare time, so she takes a crack at it by writing her first novel, "Real Gone with the Wind." However, Ricky, Ethel, and Fred don't like the way Lucy has portrayed them and try to stop the book from being published.
25 Lucy's Club Dance Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 11, 1954 April 12, 1954
The girls decide to raise money for their Wednesday Afternoon Fine Arts League by sponsoring a dance.
26 The Black Wig Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 25, 1954 April 19, 1954
Lucy dons a black wig, believing it changes her appearance enough to test Ricky's marital fidelity. Eve McVeagh guest stars.
27 The Diner Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 18, 1954 April 26, 1954
Ricky decides to quit show business, and the Ricardos and the Mertzes decide to open up a diner. The Mertzes struggle with all the difficult cooking, while Ricky only has to be the greeter. Because of a road detour, there are few customers.
28 Tennessee Ernie Visits Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 1, 1954 May 3, 1954
Tennessee Ernie Ford shows up in the big city with his guitar and a letter of introduction to the Ricardos.
29 Tennessee Ernie Hangs On Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 8, 1954 May 10, 1954
Ernie is still boarding at the Ricardos'. They try to get resources to pay for his travel home.
30 The Golf Game Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 15, 1954 May 17, 1954
The girls take up golf, and in an attempt to scare them off, Ricky and Fred complicate the game's rules and regulations. Golf champion Jimmy Demaret guest stars as himself.
31 The Sublease Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 22, 1954 May 24, 1954
The Ricardos have sublet their apartment. But Lucy, deciding they were too hasty, decides to frighten away the new tenant. After discovering that the new tenant was a witness in a murder trial, Lucy and Ethel decide to stage a murder in front of him.

Season 4 (1954–55)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 The Business Manager Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher June 17, 1954 October 4, 1954
Ricky hires a business manager (Charles Lane), and Lucy finds him tighter with money than Ricky.
2 Mertz and Kurtz Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher July 1, 1954 October 11, 1954
To help Fred impress his ex-vaudeville partner, Barney Kurtz (Charles Winninger), Lucy agrees to pose as the Mertzes' maid.
3 Lucy Cries Wolf Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher June 3, 1954 October 18, 1954
To find out how much Ricky really loves her, Lucy calls him during a rehearsal and says there's a burglar in the apartment. It's only after two attempts that Lucy finds herself tied and gagged by two local crooks.
4 The Matchmaker Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher June 10, 1954 October 25, 1954
Matchmaker Lucy invites girlfriend Dorothy and her beau to a cozy dinner at the Ricardos' apartment, hoping to present an example of marital bliss.
5 Mr. and Mrs. TV Show Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher June 24, 1954 November 1, 1954*
Ricky has a chance to do an "at-home" TV show, and Lucy wants to be in it. Things go well until Lucy discovers Ricky only let her do the show because the sponsor insisted.
  • This episode's original scheduled network broadcast was pre-empted. It eventually aired on Monday, April 11, 1955.
6 Ricky's Movie Offer Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 16, 1954 November 8, 1954
A Hollywood talent scout (Frank Nelson) wants Ricky to audition, and everyone wants to get into the act.
7 Ricky's Screen Test Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 23, 1954 November 15, 1954
Ricky gets an unsolicited assist from Lucy when he appears as Don Juan in a screen test.
8 Lucy's Mother-In-Law Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher September 30, 1954 November 22, 1954
Lucy's trying desperately to perfect her Spanish-speaking skills in preparation for meeting her Cuban mother-in-law for the first time.
9 Ethel's Birthday Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 7, 1954 November 29, 1954
Fred asks Lucy to choose something special for him to give Ethel for her birthday. Ethel opens the gift, then complains that Fred's choice of presents is getting worse every year.
10 Ricky's Contract Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 14, 1954 December 6, 1954
Ricky's still waiting for the results of his screen test, to later find out he got the job.

This episode was, according to a CBS press release of August 14, 1954, to be broadcast in color, but ultimately plans to film it in color were abandoned.

11 Getting Ready Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 21, 1954 December 13, 1954
The Ricardos and the Mertzes are all ready to leave for California, until they see the antique car Fred has bought for the trip.
12 Lucy Learns To Drive Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher October 28, 1954 January 3, 1955
Ricky makes the mistake of teaching Lucy to drive his brand new car. It's only after showing Ethel how the car works that she crashes into another car and has to get them unhooked and fixed in time.
13 California, Here We Come! Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 4, 1954 January 10, 1955
Lucy and Ricky are all ready to start their trek to Los Angeles when complications develop: Lucy's mother decides to join them. The car is also extremely overloaded with baggage strapped precariously on all sides.
14 First Stop Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 11, 1954 January 17, 1955
After a long day of non-stop driving, the Ricardos and the Mertzes pull into a run-down cafe somewhere near Cincinnati that has nothing but frozen cheese sandwiches. The bunk beds in their ugly cabin, with spongy sagging mattresses, scoot back and forth across the floor every time a noisy train passes nearby.
15 Tennessee Bound Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 18, 1954 January 24, 1955
Lucy's rush to California lands the Ricardos and the Mertzes in jail in Bent Fork, Tennessee, the home town of their favorite "peapicker", Tennessee Ernie Ford. Future TV producer Aaron Spelling has a bit role as a gas station attendant.
16 Ethel's Home Town Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher November 25, 1954 January 31, 1955
The Ricardos and the Metzes arrive in Ethel's home town: Albuquerque, New Mexico and visit her parents. Lucy, Ricky, and Fred are shocked when the town-folk give Ethel a big welcome since Ethel told everybody she was the aspiring star.
17 L. A., At Last Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 2, 1954 February 7, 1955
Arriving in Hollywood, Lucy goes star hunting at the Brown Derby restaurant, and finds William Holden and Eve Arden, annoying Holden by staring at from behind a potted plant.
18 Don Juan and the Starlets Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 9, 1954 February 14, 1955
Ricky leaves Lucy at home and goes out for an evening of publicity with five gorgeous starlets.
19 Lucy Gets Into Pictures Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 16, 1954 February 21, 1955
Lucy finally gets her chance - she lands a part as a murdered showgirl in a major MGM musical.
20 The Fashion Show Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher December 23, 1954 February 28, 1955
Lucy is determined to have a beautiful Don Loper gown for her very own and winds up being part of a "Hollywood Wives" fashion show.
21 The Hedda Hopper Story Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 3, 1955 March 14, 1955
Ricky's agent concocts a publicity stunt designed to land Ricky in Hedda Hopper's celebrity gossip column...save Lucy from drowning in the hotel pool.
22 Don Juan Is Shelved Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 10, 1955 March 21, 1955
When producer Dore Schary decides to shelve Ricky's film, "Don Juan," Lucy schemes to create public demand for Ricky's talent. Vivian Vance's then-husband, Philip Ober, appears as Schary.
23 Bull Fight Dance Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 17, 1955 March 28, 1955
Asked to appear in a Spanish dance number on Ricky's "Heart Fund" show, Lucy envisions herself as an exotic Senorita. But Ricky has something altogether different in mind.
24 Hollywood Anniversary Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher February 24, 1955 April 4, 1955
Ricky has forgotten the date of their anniversary, but he has a scheme to convince Lucy that he knew it all along.
25 The Star Upstairs Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 3, 1955 April 18, 1955
Lucy poses as a bellboy to gain entrance to movie star Cornel Wilde's hotel room. It's getting out of the room that proves to be tougher with dangling down off the balcony to his room.
26 In Palm Springs Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 17, 1955 April 25, 1955
Upset by a quarrel with their husbands, Lucy and Ethel leave for a weekend in Palm Springs, where they encounter Rock Hudson.
27 Dancing Star Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 31, 1955 May 2, 1955
Carolyn Appleby, a friend of Lucy's, visiting from New York, wants to meet some of the stars that Lucy has befriended, starting with Van Johnson, who is appearing at the Ricardos' hotel.
28 Harpo Marx Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher March 24, 1955 May 9, 1955
Lucy promised Carolyn Appleby she'd produce some real Hollywood celebrities. Now she's got to deliver. Dressing up as Clark Gable, Gary Cooper and other celebrities, she manages to fool the near-sighted Carolyn. However, the real Harpo Marx shows up only to discover Lucy dressed up as him.
29 Ricky Needs an Agent Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 7, 1955 May 16, 1955
Lucy pretends to be Ricky's agent and tries to bluff a studio executive (Parley Baer) into casting Ricky in a film, only to get him released from his contract.
30 The Tour Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
William Asher April 14, 1955 May 30, 1955.
Lucy and Ethel take a bus tour of movie stars' homes in Beverly Hills, and Lucy winds up picking grapefruit in Richard Widmark's backyard.

Season 5 (1955–56)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 Lucy Visits Grauman's Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 9, 1955 October 3, 1955
Lucy discovers that the cement slab with John Wayne's footprints in front of Grauman's Chinese Theater has come loose. Lucy talks Ethel into helping her steal the slab, and they make their get-away, Lucy gets her foot caught in a bucket of cement.
2 Lucy and John Wayne Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 15, 1955 October 10, 1955
Lucy and Ethel have made off with the cement slab of John Wayne's footprints. Now the police are called in to investigate. John Wayne guest stars.
3 Lucy and the Dummy Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 22, 1955 October 17, 1955
MGM asks Ricky to help entertain executives at a studio party. Ricky has plans to go deep-sea fishing, but as far as Lucy is concerned, "the show must go on"—and she ends up being offered a contract.
4 Ricky Sells the Car Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 29, 1955 October 24, 1955
Ricky sells the car and buys train tickets for the trip back East, but he forgets about Fred and Ethel.
5 The Great Train Robbery Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 6, 1955 October 31, 1955
Lucy gets mixed up with a jewel thief on a cross-country rail trip that marks the end of the series' Hollywood sojourn. That's not the only reason it's a bumpy ride. Another is that Lucy keeps pulling the emergency-brake cord. Sanka Coffee was a background image with the credits.
6 Homecoming Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 20, 1955 November 7, 1955
Back in Manhattan, Ricky is surrounded by excited friends wanting to know about his picture. Soon all the attention goes to his head. Sanka Coffee was a background image with the credits.
7 Face to Face Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 20, 1955 November 14, 1955
Lucy and Ricky are scheduled to appear on Ed Warren's (Elliott Reid) TV interview show, "Face to Face", at their home. But Ricky's new agent says the apartment is a "dump," and urges them to move into ritzier quarters.
8 Lucy Goes to a Rodeo Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 27, 1955 November 28, 1955
Ricky is dismayed to learn that he signed up to do not a radio show, but a rodeo show.
9 Nursery School Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 3, 1955 December 5, 1955
Lucy is not happy about being separated from Little Ricky, but Ricky insists the lad must start nursery school.
10 Ricky's European Booking Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 10, 1955 December 12, 1955
Ricky's band gets booked in Europe, and the girls can only go if they can come up with enough money to pay their own way. Barney Phillips guest stars.
11 The Passports Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 17, 1955 December 19, 1955
Lucy needs her birth certificate in order to get her passport, but Jamestown has no record of her being born. She devises a way to sneak to Europe with the others: hide in a large steamer trunk. Naturally, she ends up locked in the trunk, and no one has a key. {Th place of her birth is an injoke; Lucille Ball was really born in Jamestown, New York}
12 Staten Island Ferry Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 24, 1955 January 2, 1956
The Ricardos and Mertzes are all ready to leave for Europe, until Fred announces that he gets seasick easily. Charles Lane guest stars.
13 Bon Voyage Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern December 1, 1955 January 16, 1956
After boarding the ocean liner SS Constitution, Lucy goes ashore just one more time to kiss Little Ricky goodbye, and misses the boat. Future Chico and the Man star Jack Albertson appears as a helicopter dispatcher. This episode inspired the later Desilu series Whirlybirds, with Kenneth Tobey. NOTE: Desi Arnaz claims in several interviews that this the most expensive episode produced!
14 Second Honeymoon Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern December 8, 1955 January 23, 1956
Lucy plans to make the ocean voyage a second honeymoon, but Ricky has previous shipboard engagements with his band.
15 Lucy Meets the Queen Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern December 15, 1955 January 30, 1956
Lucy and Ethel go looking for Queen Elizabeth II on their first day in London, but no luck. When they arrive back at the hotel, Ricky tells her she's going to be presented to the Queen the next evening. Future Beverly Hillbillies star Nancy Kulp appears as a chambermaid.
16 The Fox Hunt Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern December 22, 1955 February 6, 1956
Lucy wants to spend a weekend on a British estate, but Ricky makes her promise not to try to wangle an invitation out of Sir Clive Richardson, with whom Ricky is scheduled to talk business. Hillary Brooke guest stars.
17 Lucy Goes to Scotland Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern January 6, 1956 February 20, 1956
In this Brigadoon-inspired episode, complete with musical numbers, Lucy finds herself in her ancestral village in Scotland. The villagers are delighted at her arrival, as it is once again the year when they must sacrifice a McGillicuddy to a man-eating, two-headed dragon (Fred and Ethel)--and until Lucy showed up, the clan was believed to be extinct. Will "Scotty McTavish McDougal McCardo" (Ricky) fight the dragon to save Lucy's life? {Goof: McGillicuddy is an Irish surname!}
18 Paris at Last Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern January 12, 1956 February 27, 1956
The Ricardos and the Mertzes arrive in Paris only to find themselves locked up in jail for passing counterfeit francs.
19 Lucy Meets Charles Boyer Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern January 19, 1956 March 5, 1956
Ricky has a luncheon engagement with Charles Boyer, and he wants to keep Lucy away from him.
20 Lucy Gets a Paris Gown Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern February 16, 1956 March 19, 1956
After much begging, Ricky buys Lucy a Paris "original"...or so she thinks.
21 Lucy in the Swiss Alps Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern February 23, 1956 March 26, 1956
The Ricardos and the Mertzes go mountain climbing in the Swiss Alps, and are stuck in a cabin with little to eat, after an avalanche.
22 Lucy Gets Homesick in Italy Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern March 1, 1956 April 9, 1956
Lucy, while in Florence, gets homesick for Little Ricky on his birthday, makes a lengthy, expensive phone call, and then hosts an impromptu party for several Italian children who all claim it's their birthday too.
23 Lucy's Italian Movie Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern March 8, 1956 April 16, 1956
En route to Rome, an Italian producer offers Lucy a role in a film called Bitter Grapes. So she decides to take a job in a vineyard to absorb a little "local color." This episode contains the famous scene in which Lucy stomps grapes and picks a fight with her fellow stomper. However, by being away, she misses being selected for the role.
24 Lucy's Bicycle Trip Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern March 22, 1956 April 23, 1956
Lucy organizes the Ricardos and the Mertzes for a bicycle trip from the Italian Riviera to Nice. But she doesn't know about the rough terrain, the aches and pains—or where she put her passport. The border guard refuses to let her through the checkpoint.
25 Lucy Goes to Monte Carlo Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern March 29, 1956 May 7, 1956
Ricky has declared the Monte Carlo Casino out-of-bounds for Lucy, but she and Ethel "just happen" to eat dinner there.
26 Return Home from Europe Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Pugh
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern April 5, 1956 May 14, 1956
Homeward-bound from Europe, Lucy tries to get out of paying duties by disguising a big piece of Italian cheese as a swaddled baby—much to the consternation of the new mother seated next to her on the plane. Frank Nelson and Mary Jane Croft guest star.

Season 6 (1956–57)[edit]

# Title Written by Directed by Film Date Original Air Date
1 Lucy and Bob Hope Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern June 5, 1956 October 1, 1956
Sighting Bob Hope at Yankee Stadium, Lucy hopes to persuade him to appear at Ricky's club. To get close enough to him, she disguises herself first as a hot-dog vendor, then as a tobacco-chewing baseball player, and she joined Bob and Ricky to perform at Ricky's nightclub.
2 Little Ricky Learns to Play the Drums Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern June 28, 1956 October 8, 1956
Little Ricky's non-stop drum playing threatens the Ricardos' and Mertzes' friendship.
3 Lucy Meets Orson Welles Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern June 14, 1956 October 15, 1956
Lucy wangles a job as Orson Welles's assistant when he appears at Ricky's club. He's doing a magic act, but Lucy's doing Shakespeare.
4 Little Ricky Gets Stage Fright Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern June 21, 1956 October 22, 1956
Little Ricky gets stage fright before his first school music recital. Howard McNear guest stars.
5 Visitor from Italy Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 24, 1956 October 29, 1956
When the Venetian gondolier the Ricardos met in Europe shows up in New York, a series of mishaps result in Lucy's working at a pizza parlor.
6 Off to Florida Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 13, 1956 November 12, 1956
Driving to Miami to meet their husbands, the girls share the drive with a strange lady (Elsa Lanchester) they suspect is an ax murderess. Character actor Strother Martin appears as a store clerk.
7 Deep-Sea Fishing Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern September 27, 1956 November 19, 1956
On a deep-sea fishing trip, the boys bet the girls that they'll catch bigger fish. To win the bet, the men and the women each buy large tunas to pass off as their catch...the only problem is hiding the fish from their spouses.
8 Desert Island Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 4, 1956 November 26, 1956
Lucy and Ethel's scheme to prevent the boys from judging a beauty contest leaves the Ricardos and the Mertzes marooned on a desert island. Claude Akins guest stars as himself.
9 The Ricardos Visit Cuba Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 18, 1956 December 3, 1956
Lucy is bent on impressing Ricky's family when they visit Havana, Cuba, but she can't seem to say or do anything right.
10 Little Ricky's School Pageant Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern October 25, 1956 December 17, 1956
The Ricardos and the Mertzes sign on as extra cast members in Little Ricky's class play, "The Enchanted Forest".
11 I Love Lucy Christmas Show Madelyn Pugh Davis
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 22, 1956 December 24, 1956
Lucy, Ricky, Fred and Ethel reminisce (via flashbacks of previous episodes) as they trim the tree on Christmas Eve. The flashbacks were all from season 2, include Lucy telling Ricky about her pregnancy in "Lucy Is Enceinte," Lucy, Ricky, Fred and Ethel singing in a barbershop quartet in "Lucy's Showbiz Swan Song," and Ricky, Fred and Ethel franctically preparing for Lucy's impending labor in "Lucy Goes to the Hospital."

Note: CBS would re-broadcast this episode in primetime on December 18, 1989. The "wrap around" segments (the non-flashback parts) were broadcast in color in 1990, and these color scenes are available on the season's DVD release. Because this was a "special episode," it was never re-broadcast in syndication. On December 20, 2013, over 23 years after its last broadcast, CBS rebroadcast the Christmas episode packaged with the "Lucy's Italian Movie" episode as a packaged "The I Love Lucy Christmas Special" in which both episodes were colorized.

12 Lucy and the Loving Cup Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 1, 1956 January 7, 1957
Lucy jokingly dons a loving cup Ricky is supposed to present to jockey Johnny Longden, but then she can't get it off her head.
13 Lucy and Superman Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 15, 1956 January 14, 1957
Lucy promises to produce Superman (George Reeves) for Little Ricky's fifth birthday party, but must make alternate plans when he is unable to attend. She hastily tries to impersonate Superman, but gets locked out on the balcony with the pigeons.

Note: George Reeves did originally receive voice-over screen credit for this episode, although it was subsequently cut from the syndicated version. After the closing credits, the disclaimer appeared on the screen that said: Superman Character, Feats and Narrative Copyrighted by National Comics Publications, Inc., 1956

14 Little Ricky Gets a Dog Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
James V. Kern November 8, 1956 January 21, 1957
Little Ricky's new puppy prompts complaints by another tenant.
15 Lucy Wants to Move to the Country Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher December 6, 1956 January 28, 1957
Fed up with city life, Lucy yearns for the suburban life. Ricky buys a house in suburban Westport, Connecticut. The house is an old Colonial and sits on 2 acres of land, with a guest house and barn. The selling price is never mentioned, but Ricky placed a $500 ($4140 in 2013 dollars)deposit down on it. The writers noted that Ricky's salary was $20,000 per year, which is nearly $165,000 in 2013. A house like the Ricardo's in Westport would cost around $4,000,000 today ($482,000 in 1957), if you could find one with 2 acres. A down-payment for that would be nearly $100,000.
16 Lucy Hates to Leave Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher December 13, 1956 February 4, 1957
The Ricardos find themselves, and all their belongings, boarding with the Mertzes while they wait to move into their new Westport, Connecticut home.
17 Lucy Misses the Mertzes Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher December 20, 1956 February 11, 1957
Lucy and Ricky miss the Mertzes so much that they decide take the train to New York to surprise them. But Fred and Ethel have the same idea, and are on their way to Connecticut! Little Ricky spends the night with the Morton's, the first in a series of babysitters which runs up to the last episode of The Lucy Desi Comedy hour in 1960. At that time his age is around 9 years old. In this episode Ethel mentions Elvis Presley, the only time he is noted on the show.
18 Lucy Gets Chummy With the Neighbors Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher January 10, 1957 February 18, 1957
Lucy's new neighbor, Betty Ramsey, talks Lucy into buying all new furniture. Frank Nelson and Mary Jane Croft make their initial appearance as the Ramseys.
19 Lucy Raises Chickens Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher January 17, 1957 March 4, 1957
Lucy and Ricky decide to raise chickens to help make ends meet. Soon the house is overrun with a flock of baby chicks, on the day a fashion magazine photographer is due to visit.
20 Lucy Does the Tango Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher February 7, 1957 March 11, 1957
Lucy "boosts" egg production by buying several dozen eggs and pretending they are homegrown. But her plan to hide them in her blouse goes awry when Ricky asks her to help him rehearse a tango number. This resulted in one of the longest sustained audience laughter sequences in sitcoms.
21 Ragtime Band Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher February 14, 1957 March 18, 1957
Lucy promises that Ricky will play at a local benefit, but he refuses. So she and the Mertzes put together their own combo—featuring Ricky Ricardo, Jr.
22 Lucy's Night in Town Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher February 21, 1957 March 25, 1957
In Manhattan for dinner and a hit Broadway show ("The Most Happy Fella"), Lucy discovers that their tickets were instead for the matinée performance. Joseph Kearns has a minor role. Desilu Productions owned a large portion of the show, and was cross-promoting in this episode.
23 Housewarming Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher February 28, 1957 April 1, 1957
Ethel is jealous of Lucy's friendship with Betty Ramsey. But when Betty reveals that she's from Ethel's home town of Albuquerque, the two become fast friends, and now it's Lucy who feels left out.
24 Building a B-B-Q Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher March 14, 1957 April 8, 1957
Lucy and Ethel decide that the only way to get Ricky to build the backyard barbecue is to start the project themselves. Things go bad when Lucy can't find her wedding ring and decides to take apart the entire B-B-Q.
25 Country Club Dance Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher March 21, 1957 April 22, 1957
At a club dance, Ricky, Fred, and Ralph Ramsey shower attention on a sultry young blonde (portrayed by a then-unknown Barbara Eden in an early role), much to the chagrin of their wives.
26 Lucy Raises Tulips Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher March 28, 1957 April 29, 1957
Lucy is determined to beat Betty Ramsey in Westport's "best-looking garden" contest, and she accidentally runs over Betty's tulip garden with a lawn mower.
27 The Ricardos Dedicate a Statue Madelyn Martin
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
William Asher April 4, 1957 May 6, 1957
Ricky has been chosen to dedicate a new Revolutionary War statue in the Westport Town Square. There's a problem: Lucy has accidentally destroyed the one-of-a-kind sculpture.

The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour episodes[edit]

After season six, the series was renamed The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show for its original broadcast run and rather than airing as weekly half hour series, hour long episodes were produced to run occasionally during the year. There were thirteen hour long shows. The first five were broadcast as specials during the 1957-58 television season. The other eight episodes were broadcast as part of the Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse from October 6, 1958, to April 1, 1960. The series was subsequently broadcast in syndication as The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour and We Love Lucy. This show had the same cast as I Love Lucy, employed many of the other same actors, and featured many famous guest stars. Of the original I Love Lucy cast, besides the principles, only Lucy's mother appeared in any Comedy Hour episode. She appears in season 3, episode 2 'The Ricardos Go To Japan' as Little Ricky's babysitter.

Season 1 (1957–58)[edit]

# Title Film Date Original airdate
1 Lucy Takes A Cruise To Havana June 28, 1957 November 6, 1957
How did Lucy and Ricky meet? Well that's what Hollywood columnist (and special guest star) Hedda Hopper wants to know. In a flashback to 1940 we find Lucy McGillicuddy and her best friend Susie MacNamara (guest star Ann Sothern whose character makes a crossover appearance from her CBS show Private Secretary) cruising Havana, where they encounter two tour guides, Ricky Ricardo and his pal, Carlos Garcia (guest star Cesar Romero). Plenty of Havana high-jinks soon ensue, with second honeymooners Fred and Ethel Mertz and popular crooner Rudy Vallee (as himself) along for the wild ride!

Note: This was originally shown as a 75 minute episode. All future repeats were edited to an hour's length, with the original opening and closing sequences (featuring Hedda Hopper) deleted, replaced by Desi's brief narration at the beginning and end.

2 The Celebrity Next Door September 27, 1957 December 3, 1957
Who's the new resident moving into the house next to the Ricardos? None other than stage and screen star Tallulah Bankhead! Once Lucy discovers that a celebrity is in her midst, she tries to win her friendship by inviting her to an elegant dinner party—with Fred and Ethel Mertz posing as hired help. Before long Lucy has gotten Ms. Bankhead and the entire gang involved with a local PTA show.

Bette Davis was originally booked as the next-door celebrity, but suffered a horseback riding accident. Bankhead was the producers' second choice.[10]

3 Lucy Hunts Uranium or MacMurray Haver November 15, 1957 (Studio Portions) January 3, 1958
Ricky and his band have been booked to play at the Sands Casino in Las Vegas, and Lucy hopes the trip will allow her an opportunity to go uranium hunting. Fred and Ethel are keen on the idea but Ricky forbids it, until mysterious headlines put the entire town in a uranium uproar. Soon the Ricardos, the Mertzes, and (special guest) actor Fred MacMurray set out together to strike it rich. (Also appearing in this show is MacMurray's wife, June Haver.)
4 Lucy Wins a Race Horse Unknown February 3, 1958
Lucy wins a race horse for Little Ricky. In order to keep the horse, Lucy enters the horse in a race at Roosevelt Raceway with the help of Betty Grable. Harry James, Betty's husband, also guest stars.
5 Lucy Goes To Sun Valley February 1958 April 14, 1958
Lucy and Ethel go to Sun Valley without Ricky and Fred. While in Sun Valley, the girls meet Fernando Lamas.

Season 2 (1958–59)[edit]

# Title Film Date Original airdate
1 Lucy Goes to Mexico June 16, 1958 (Completed) October 6, 1958
Lucy and the gang go with Ricky to Mexico, where he is scheduled to appear in a show with Maurice Chevalier. Meanwhile, Lucy just happens to find herself in a bullfight.
2 Lucy Makes Room for Danny September 19, 1958 December 1, 1958
The Williams family from The Danny Thomas Show (Danny Thomas, Marjorie Lord, Rusty Hamer and Angela Cartwright) rent Lucy's and Ricky's house because Lucy and Ricky are going to Hollywood. When the Hollywood trip is cancelled, Lucy has to 'Make Room For Danny.' Gale Gordon also guest stars as a civil court judge who is forced to clean up the mess resulting from a snowball fight between the two families.
3 Lucy Goes To Alaska December 19, 1958 (Completed) February 9, 1959
The Ricardos and Merztes go to Alaska, where Lucy does a show with Red Skelton. Lucy repeatedly falls out of a hammock in their overcrowded bedroom, and panics while flying a small bush airplane with Red.
4 Lucy Wants A Career March 6, 1959 (Copyrighted) April 13, 1959
Lucy does not want to be a housewife any longer and appears on Paul Douglas' "Early Bird Show" as his "Girl Friday."

Note: This episode mirrored life for the Arnazes in the 1940s, as Lucy would meet Desi at the train station as she was leaving for work at a movie studio, while Desi would be headed home after working at a nightclub.

5 Lucy's Summer Vacation May 5, 1959 (Copyrighted) June 8, 1959
Lucy and Ricky go on a vacation and end up sharing their cabin with Howard Duff and Ida Lupino.

Season 3 (1959–60)[edit]

# Title Film Date Original airdate
1 Milton Berle Hides Out at The Ricardos June 1959 September 25, 1959
Lucy tries to let Milton Berle work on his book in peace while he's at the Ricardos' house.
2 The Ricardos Go To Japan September 1959 November 27, 1959
Lucy wants real pearls while in Tokyo, Japan, and finds herself dressing up as a geisha to see that she gets them. Bob Cummings guest stars.
3 Lucy Meets The Mustache March 2, 1960 (Completed) April 1, 1960
Ricky is depressed because he has not been getting any TV offers lately, so Lucy, Fred, and Ethel try to cheer him up. Ernie Kovacs and his wife Edie Adams guest star.

Note: This is the final episode of the show due to the divorce of Ball and Arnaz which occurred 2 months after this episode aired. Many people who worked on I Love Lucy said that they had a feeling this would be the last episode because of the constant fighting between the two even though more episodes were planned to be produced.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete First Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  2. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Second Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  3. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Third Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  4. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Fourth Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  5. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Fifth Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  6. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Sixth Season (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  7. ^ "I Love Lucy – The Complete Seasons 7–9 (1951)". Amazon.com. Retrieved November 14, 2013. 
  8. ^ TV Guide June 29-July 5, 1996. pg. 66. 
  9. ^ Hughes, Jason (2013-09-02). "Betty White Counts Down 'TV's Funniest Of The Funniest': Who Came Out On Top?". The Huffington Post. 
  10. ^ Kanfer, Stefan (2003). Ball of Fire: The Tumultuous Life and Comic Art of Lucille Ball. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 198. ISBN 0-375-41315-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Andrews, Bart (1985). The "I Love Lucy" Book. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-19033-6. 
  • Edwards, Elisabeth (2010) [2001]. I love Lucy: Celebrating 50 Years of Love and Laughter. Philadelphia: Running Press. ISBN 978-0-7624-3983-6. 

External links[edit]