Ian McDonald (Guyanese writer)
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Ian McDonald (born 18 April 1933) is a Caribbean-born writer who describes himself as "Antiguan by ancestry, Trinidadian by birth, Guyanese by adoption, and West Indian by conviction." His ancestry on his father's side is Antiguan and Kittitian, and Trinidadian on his mother’s side. His only novel The Humming-Bird Tree, first published in 1969, is considered a classic of Caribbean literature.
Early years and education
Ian McDonald was born on 18 April 1933, in St Augustine, Trinidad, where his mother, Thelma McDonald (née Seheult), and her parents were born and where his father, John Archie McDonald (who was born in St. Kitts and whose parents were born in Antigua), was Agricultural Director of Gordon Grant Limited. His uncle was Air Marshall Sir Arthur McDonald of Royal Air Force. He has four sisters – Heather Murray, Gillian Howie, Robin McDonald and Monica Purkis – and one brother, Archie McDonald.
He received his secondary education at Queen’s Royal College (1942–51) in Port of Spain, where he obtained distinctions in History and English in the Higher School Certificate. He attended Clare College, Cambridge University (1951–55), where he obtained a BA Honours Degree in History and later received his MA. He was elected President of the Cambridge University West Indian Society.
Career in Guyana
He spent a long career in the sugar industry. His first job was Secretary of the Bookers BG Group Committee. He then became Company Secretary of Bookers Sugar Estates, where he rose to be Administrative Director. When Bookers was nationalised in 1976 he remained with the Guyana Sugar Corporation where he held the post of Director of Marketing and Administration from 1976 to 1999 when he retired from GuySuCo. His knowledge of regional and international sugar marketing in particular was built up over 52 years and in his field he has represented Guyana and CARICOM on innumerable occasions at international conferences and forums. At the regional level he held the post of Chairman of Marketing of the Sugar Association of the Caribbean from 1990 to 1999. In November 1995 he delivered an address and presented a paper on "The Sugar Industries of the English-Speaking Caribbean" to the International Sugar Organisation in London.
He was appointed to the position of Chief Executive Officer of the Sugar Association of the Caribbean with effect from 1 January 2000 located in Georgetown, Guyana. He retired on 31 May 2007, after 52 years' service.
He was a member of the Guyana National Advisory Committee on External Negotiations.
He was also Chairman of Demerara Sugar Terminals which exports Guyana’s sugar. For 35 years he was a member of the Sugar Industry Labour Welfare Fund Committee which provides land and housing, water supply, and welfare facilities for sugar workers.
He holds directorships in the Hand-in-Hand Fire and Life Insurance Companies, the Hand-in-Hand Trust Company, Woodlands Diagnostic & Imaging Centre Inc. He is a Director of the Institute of Private Enterprise Development which encourages the establishment and growth of small businesses. In 2000–06 he was a Director of the St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, one of the leading privately run hospitals in Guyana. He was also a Trustee of the St. John Boscoe Orphanage for Boys.
He is a member, since 2009, of the Council of Schoolnet Guyana, dedicated to the computerization of schools in Guyana.
In 1991/92 he held the position of Editorial Consultant with the West Indian Commission, chaired by Sir Shridath Ramphal. His job was to assist in drafting and producing the Commission’s report, Time for Action. To assist in the work of the Commission he prepared a monograph, Bedrock of a Nation: Cultural Foundations of West Indian Integration.
In 1996 he was selected as an inaugural member of the West Indies 2000 Group, a "think-tank" of 40 West Indian personalities that had no agenda except to encourage the reality of a West Indian identity and the strengthening of the values of a West Indian heritage.
As a sportsman, McDonald was junior tennis champion of Trinidad & Tobago for many years and first represented that country at the senior level at the age of 16. He played at Wimbledon in the 1950s (the only player from Trinidad or from Guyana to do so). He captained Cambridge University in 1955. He represented Oxford-Cambridge against Harvard-Yale in the Prentice Cup in America in 1952 and in England in 1954. From 1956 to the early 1970s he was champion of Guyana and captained the Guyana Lawn Tennis team. In 1957 he was Guyana’s "Sportsman of the Year" with George De Peana. He also represented and captained Guyana in Squash. He represented the West Indies in its first ever Davis Cup team in 1953 and went on to play for and captain the West Indies Davis Cup team later in 1950s and in the 1960s. He also served as Secretary of the Commonwealth Caribbean Lawn Tennis Association for a number of years.
He received the Guyana National Sports Commission Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Development of Sports in Guyana, in 2006.
He received the Guyana Olympic Association Award for Contribution to the Development of Sport in General and Lawn Tennis in particular, in 2007.
He has the unusual distinction of representing his country in five different decades: tennis (Trinidad) in the 1940s; tennis (Trinidad, Guyana, the West Indies) in 1950s; tennis (Guyana, the West Indies) in the 1960s; tennis and squash (Guyana) in the 1970s; squash (Guyana) in the 1980s.
His love for literature and writing began when he was a schoolboy. His first poems were published in the 1950s and over the years his poems have appeared in a number of West Indian journals, particularly BIM, Kyk-Over-Al, The Caribbean Writer, New Voices, The Trinidad And Tobago Review, Poui, The Caribbean Review of Books and Jamaica Journal as well as in Planet, Outposts, Voices, and other magazines in Britain and America. His poems have appeared in many anthologies of poems of the region, including Caribbean Poetry Now, Voiceprint, The Graham House Review issue on West Indian Poetry, the Archipelago issue of Conjunctions, the Caribbean Poetry issue of the Atlanta Review and the Heinemann Book of Caribbean Poetry. He was awarded The Caribbean Writer’s Prize for Poetry in 1991 and 2007.
He also writes short stories and his work has appeared in anthologies, most recently in the Penguin Book of Caribbean Short Stories and the Faber Book of West Indian Stories.
His novel The Humming-Bird Tree was first published by Heinemann in 1969, when it won the Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize from the Royal Society of Literature for best regional novel. It was re-issued as a paperback in the Heinemann Caribbean Writers series in 1974, and has been widely used as a textbook in schools in the region and abroad. The BBC made a film of The Humming-Bird Tree for broadcast at Christmas 1992, and in the same year Heinemann re-issued the novel in a new edition. In 2006 Macmillan published a new edition of The Humming-Bird Tree.
His one-act play The Tramping Man, first produced at the Theatre Guild in Guyana in October 1969, has been staged throughout the West Indies and in London. It has been published by UWI’s School of Continuing Studies in a collection of eight Caribbean plays entitled…a time and a season.
In 1975 Faber and Faber published eleven of his poems in their collection Poetry Introduction 3. Selected Poems was published in Georgetown, Guyana, by the Labour Advocate in 1983. His collection of poems Mercy Ward was published by Peterloo Poets in the UK in 1988. A further collection of poems, Essequibo, was published by Peterloo Poets in the UK and Story Line Press in America in 1992. Essequibo won the 1992 Guyana Prize for Poetry. A third collection of poetry, Jaffo the Calypsonian, was published by Peepal Tree Press in 1994. A further collection of poetry, Between Silence and Silence, was published in 2003 and won the Guyana Prize for Literature in 2004.
In 1984, he edited the book AJS at 70 in honour of Guyana’s great man of letters A. J. Seymour’s 70th birthday.
Also in 1984, he was instrumental in reviving the literary magazine Kyk-Over-Al, which had first been published in Guyana between 1954 and 1961, and was joint editor, with A. J. Seymour, until Seymour’s death in 1989, after which McDonald continued to edit the magazine with Vanda Radzik. In June 1990, a joint issue of Kyk-Over-Al and BIM was published, edited by John Wickham and Ian McDonald; reviewing it in The Caribbean Writer, Cedric Lindo said: "Perhaps most striking about this joint issue is the ability of Ian McDonald to provide so much material, and very interesting material at that, in 'Across the Editor's Desk.' Seymour has clearly left a good heir in him." The 50th Anniversary issue to Kyk-over-Al, No. 46/47, was published in December 1995. In the Guyana 1997 National Honours List Kyk-Over-Al received the Group Medal of Service for its outstanding contribution to literature.
Since 2009 he has been consulting Editor for the Guyana Classics, a series of Guyanese "Classics" to be republished by the Caribbean Press funded by the government of Guyana.
He was Chairman of Demerara Publishers Limited, which produced and printed 36 books by Guyanese between 1987 and 1992. McDonald helped to edit and wrote the foreword for the first edition of Martin Carter’s definitive Selected Poems published in 1989 by Demerara Publishers in Georgetown, and later in a new edition by the Red Thread Press in 1997.
He co-edited (with Dr. Stewart Brown) The Heinemann Book of Caribbean Poetry in English, published in October 1992.
He helped prepare, edited (with Jacqueline de Weever) and wrote an introduction for, The Collected Poems of A. J. Seymour, published in 2000 by the Blue Parrot Press in New York.
With Dr. Stewart Brown he selected and edited Poems by Martin Carter, published by Macmillan in 2006.
He contributed to the book Caribbean Despatches, published by Macmillan in 2006.
His Selected Poems, edited and with an Introduction by Professor Edward Baugh, was published by Macmillan in 2008, in honour of his 75th birthday. This book was shortlisted for the Royal Society of Literature Ondaatje Prize in 2009.
He is currently compiling an entirely new anthology of Guyanese poetry.
He was a member, with P. J. Patterson and Sir Alister McIntyre, of the panel set up by the West Indies Cricket Board in 2007 to report and make recommendations on the governance of West Indies cricket. This report was submitted to the West Indies Cricket Board in October 2007.
He assisted in the compilation, editing and production of Cricket at Bourda, celebrating the Georgetown Cricket Club, in time for the World Cup, March 2007.
With Dr. Stewart Brown he has compiled an Anthology of West Indian Cricket Writing (2010, Peepal Tree Press).
He was a member of the first Management Committee of the Guyana Prize for Literature in 1987. He was the Regional Chairman (Canada and Caribbean) on the panel of judges for the 1991 Commonwealth Writers' Prize.
From its inception in 1980 he has been a Director of the Theatre Company of Guyana which in the period 1980-2001 produced nearly 100 plays, musicals and revenues and promoted the careers of many of Guyana’s leading theatrical talents.
He is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Theatre Guild of Guyana.
He is a member of the Management Committee of the Castellani House National Art Collection in Guyana.
Between 1990 and 1995 he was a member of the Guyana Book Foundation, which encourages the wide distribution of books and the establishment of small publishers. He was also a member of the National Archives Advisory Committee.
He is a member of the Guyana National Nominating Committee for the Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence, from 2006.
He is a regular contributor of articles on government, current affairs, problems of the Third World, education, literature, and sport in the newspapers. He has written a weekly column, "Ian on Sunday", for the Stabroek News since the newspaper started publication in Guyana in 1986. His columns also appear in The Nation in Barbados, The Gleaner in Jamaica and the Trinidad & Tobago Review. He also contributed to Outlet in Antigua. He contributed more than 400 Viewpoints and Sports Views on the radio to these two GBC series. His writings on cricket in particular have gained widespread regional notice.
He gave the address at the Frank Collymore Literary Awards ceremony in Barbados in 2009, entitled "I Shake Hands With You in My Heart".
Honours and awards
In November 1997 the University of the West Indies, at its St. Augustine Campus, awarded him the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) in recognition of his services to Caribbean sugar, sport and literature.
In 2003, he received the Wordsworth McAndrew Award 2004 from the Guyana Cultural Association, New York.
In 2004 he was inducted into the Queen's Royal College Hall of Honour.
In 2014, Ian McDonald was honoured by the Friends of Mr Biswas, an NGO in Trinidad dedicated to the preservation and development of the Naipaul House Literary Museum on Nepaul Street, St James.
Dr McDonald is married to Mary Callender and they have two sons: Jamie, aged 27, and Darren, aged 22. He has a son Keith, aged 50, a pilot in Canada, from a previous marriage.
- Sugar in B.G: Challenge and Change (1965) - New World Publication, Georgetown.
- The Tramping Man - one-act play first staged in 1969. Published by UWI's School of Continuing Studies in a collection of eight Caribbean plays entitled...a time and a season.
- Poetry Introduction 3 (1975) - London: Faber and Faber.
- Selected Poems - Labour Advocate, Georgetown, 1984.
- Editor: AJS at 70 - Autoprint, Georgetown, Guyana 1984.
- Mercy Ward (1992) - collection of poems published by Peterloo Poets, UK, ISBN 978-0905291956.
- Essequibo (1992) - collection of poems published by Peterloo Poets, UK, and Story Line Press, US (winner of the Guyana Prize for Literature 1992), ISBN 9781871471342.
- Monograph, Bedrock of a Nation: Cultural Foundations of West Indian Integration - for West Indian Commission, 1992.
- Contribution as Editorial Assistant: Time For Action: Report of the West Indian Commission, 1992.
- Heinemann Book of Caribbean Poetry (1992) - edited jointly with Stewart Brown, published by Heinemann.
- Jaffo The Calypsonian (1994) - collection of poems; Peepal Tree Press, UK.
- Between Silence and Silence - collection of poems; Peepal Tree Press, 2003 (winner of the Guyana Prize for Literature 2004).
- The Humming-Bird Tree, novel - ;Heinemann, 1969; Macmillan, 2004; filmed by the BBC in 1992.
- A. J. Seymour, Collected Poems 1937-1989 (edited with Jacqueline de Weever), New York: Blue Parrot Press, 2000.
- Foreword to Selected Poems of Martin Carter, first published Demerara Publishers, 1989; revised edition, Red Thread Women's Press, 1997.
- They Came in Ships (compiled and edited with Lloyd Searwar, Laxshmi Kallicharan and Joel Benjamin), anthology of Guyanese East Indian Writings - Peepal Tree Press, 1998.
- Poems by Martin Carter (edited jointly with Dr. Stewart Brown) - Macmillan, September 2006.
- Contributed to Caribbean Despatches - Macmillan, 2006.
- Contributed to Penguin Book of Short Stories and the Faber Book of West Indian Stories.
- Editor of Kyk-Over-Al (jointly with AJS 1984-1989) and jointly with Vanda Radzik from 1996 to 2000.
- Weekly columns written for Stabroek News - "Ian on Sunday", from 1986 to date.
- Poems contributed to various magazines including BIM, Kyk-Over-Al, The Caribbean Writer, Caribbean Review of Books, Poui, The New Voices, The Trinidad and Tobago Review, The Jamaica Journal, Kaie and magazines in Britain and America including Planet, Outposts, Voices, and the Graham House Review.
- Cricket at Bourda (2007) - compiled with Paul Chan-A-Sue; Sheik Hassan Printery, Georgetown.
- Report of the Governance Committee on West Indies Cricket (2007) - joint author with Hon. P. J. Patterson and Sir Alister McIntyre.
- Selected Poems - Macmillan, 2008.
- The Bowling Was Superfine - West Indian Writing and West Indian Cricket - edited jointly with Stewart Brown, 2010; paperback 2012, ISBN 978-1845230548
- Mercy Ward - Guyana Classics series, Caribbean Press, December 2010.
- Nicholas Laughlin, "Ian McDonald: Evening in the Garden", Caribbean Beat, Issue 96, March/April 2009.
- "Ian Archie McDONALD", Debrett's People of Today.
- Ken Ramchand, "Ian McDonald: Caribbean man", Trinidad and Tobago Guardian, 23 November 2014.
- "Ian McDonald appointed GPI Chairman", Stabroek News, 3 January 2009.
- Cedric Lindo, The Caribbean Writer.
- "Ian McDonald: Selected Poems", Macmillan.
- Ian McDonald, "The Idea of Excellence", The Anthony N. Sagba Caribbean Awards for Excellence Essay Series.
- "A Guyanese and West Indian treasure", Stabroek News, 5 December 2014.
- "Region's pride in maroon cap", The Telegraph, 5 June 2005.
- Shivanee Ramlochan, "Ian McDonald honoured by Friends of Biswas", Trinidad and Tobago Guardian, 7 December 2014.
- "Ian McDonald donates half century of literary work to The UWI’s Alma Jordan Library", Campus News, UWI, St Augustine Campus, 13 December 2014.
- "Current RSL Fellows", The Royal Society of Literature.
- Ugra, Sharda (24 February 2013). "The Bowling Was Superfine, Large-hearted, red-blooded, Caribbean". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Nicholas Laughlin, "Ian McDonald: Evening in the Garden", Caribbean Beat, Issue 96, March/April 2009.
- Kyk-Over-Al in the Digital Library of the Caribbean
- Newspaper clippings on Ian McDonald digitized by CARICOM and openly available in the Digital Library of the Caribbean