Ian Morris (historian)
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
Ian Matthew Morris (born 27 January 1960) grew up in the United Kingdom. Morris is currently Willard Professor of Classics at Stanford University. Since joining Stanford in 1995, he has served as Associate Dean of Humanities and Sciences, Chair of the Classics Department, and Director of the Social Science History Institute. He was one of the founders of the Stanford Archaeology Center and has served two terms as its director. He has published extensively on the history and archaeology of the ancient Mediterranean and on world history. He has also won a Dean's Award for Excellence in Teaching.
Morris attended Alleyne's comprehensive school in Stone, Staffordshire, and studied ancient history and archaeology at Birmingham University. He gained his PhD at Cambridge University . From 1987 through 1995 he taught at the University of Chicago, and since 1995 he has been at Stanford.
Ian Morris has been awarded research fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, Hoover Institution, National Endowment for the Humanities, Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, D.C., and Institute for Research in the Humanities, University of Wisconsin-Madison. He is also a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy and has been awarded honorary degrees by De Pauw University and Birmingham University. In 2012 his work was the subject of a lengthy profile in the Chronicle of Higher Education. He delivered the Tanner Lectures on Human Values at Princeton University in 2012.
Why the West Rules - For Now
His 2010 book, Why the West Rules--For Now, compares East and West across the last 15,000 years, arguing that physical geography rather than culture, religion, politics, genetics, or great men explains Western domination of the globe. The Economist has called it "an important book—one that challenges, stimulates and entertains. Anyone who does not believe there are lessons to be learned from history should start here."
The book won several literary awards, including the 2011 PEN Center USA Literary Award for Creative Nonfiction, and was named as one of the books of the year by Newsweek, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The New York Times, and a number of other newspapers. It has been translated into 13 languages.
The book has been criticized by the Canadian historical sociologist Ricardo Duchesne for offering a diffuse definition of the West which Morris envisions encompassing not only Europe but all civilizations descending from the Fertile Crescent, including Islam, as well as a propensity to level out fundamental differences between the development of the West and the rest, which disregards the singular role of Europe in shaping the modern world. Morris replied, saying that "despite his review’s length, rather little of it takes on my book’s central thesis", and defending his focus on China.
"The Measure of Civilization"
"The Measure of Civilization" is a companion volume to "Why the West Rules--For Now." It provides details of the evidence and statistical methods that Morris employed in constructing the social development index that he used in "Why the West Rules" to compare long-term eastern and western history. The International Studies Association and Social Science History Association devoted panels to discussing the book at their 2013 annual meetings. The book is being translated into Chinese.
"War! What is it Good For?"
War! What is it Good For?: Conflict and the Progress of Civilization from Primates to Robots was published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in the US and Profile Books in Britain in April 2014. In it Morris argues that we now have enough evidence to trace the history of violence across many thousands of years, and when we do so, we discover a startling fact. For all its horrors, over the last 10,000 years, war has made the world safer and richer, because it is virtually the only way people have found to create large, internally pacified societies that then drive down the rate of violent death. The lesson of the last ten millennia of military history, he argues, is that the way to end war is by learning to manage it, not by trying to wish it out of existence. Morris also devotes a chapter to the 1974-1978 Gombe Chimpanzee War in Tanzania. The German translation of the book, "Krieg: Wozu er gut ist," was published by Campus Verlag in October 2013. Five more translations are being prepared.
- Burial and Ancient Society, Cambridge, 1987 ISBN 978-0-521-38738-5
- Death-Ritual and Social Structure in Classical Antiquity, Cambridge 1992 ISBN 978-0-521-37611-2
- Editor, Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies, Cambridge, 1994 ISBN 978-0-521-45678-4
- Co-editor, with Barry Powell, A New Companion to Homer, E. J. Brill, 1997 ISBN 978-90-04-09989-0
- Co-editor, with Kurt Raaflaub, Democracy 2500? Questions and Challenges, Kendall-Hunt, 1997 ISBN 978-0-7872-4466-8
- Archaeology as Cultural History, Blackwell, 2000 ISBN 978-0-631-19602-0
- The Greeks: History, Culture, and Society, with Barry Powell; Prentice-Hall, 1st ed. 2005, 2nd ed. 2009 ISBN 978-0-13-921156-0
- Co-editor, with Joe Manning, The Ancient Economy: Evidence and Models, Stanford, 2005 ISBN 978-0-8047-5755-3
- Co-editor, with Walter Scheidel and Richard Saller, The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World, Cambridge, 2007 ISBN 978-0-521-78053-7
- Co-editor, with Walter Scheidel, of The Dynamics of Ancient Empires, Oxford, 2009 ISBN 978-0-19-537158-1
- Why the West Rules - For Now: The Patterns of History, and What they Reveal About the Future, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2010; Profile Books, 2010 ISBN 978-0-374-29002-3
- The Measure of Civilisation: How Social Development Decides the Fate of Nations, Princeton University Press, 2013; Profile Books, 2013 ISBN 978-0-691-15568-5
- War! What is it Good For? Conflict and the Progress of Civilization from Primates to Robots, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2014; Profile Books, 2014 ISBN 978-0-374-28600-2
- , Stanford Classics Department.
- Classics and History Expert - Ian Morris, Stanford University.
- Faculty win Guggenheims for 'exceptional' scholarship: 4/02, Stanford University.
- Global power: On top of the world. The Economist.
- Ricardo Duchesne: Review in Reviews in History
- Ian Morris, Personal website.
- Ian Morris, Stanford University Classics Department.
- Classics and History Expert - Ian Morris, Stanford University Humanities Department.
- Why the West Rules for Now, Interview with Ian Morris in www.theglobaldispatches.com.
- Ian Morris interview on "Conversations With History," a UC Berkeley podcast and video series.
- ' Foreign Policy magazine review of Why the West Rules.