Ibb

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Ibb
Ibb,Yemen.jpg
Ibb is located in Yemen
Ibb
Ibb
Location in Yemen
Coordinates: 13°58′N 44°10′E / 13.967°N 44.167°E / 13.967; 44.167Coordinates: 13°58′N 44°10′E / 13.967°N 44.167°E / 13.967; 44.167
Country  Yemen
Governorate Ibb Governorate
Population (2005)
 • Total 160,000
Time zone Yemen Standard Time (UTC+3)

Ibb (or Abb) (Arabic: إب‎) is a city in Yemen, the capital of Ibb Governorate, located about 117 kilometres (73 mi) northeast of Mocha and 194 kilometres (121 mi) south of Sana'a.[1] A market town and administrative centre developed during the Ottoman occupation, it is one of the most important medium-sized cities in the country.[2] It is situated on a mountain ridge, surrounded by fertile land. As of 2005, it had a population of 160,000.

History[edit]

Local men

Ibb has been occupied since early Islamic times, and due to its strategical importance, the Ottomans used it as an administrative centre.[1] It thrived as a market town and the Ottomans established the Wednesday market in Ibb. [3] Ibb was governed by a semi-autonomous emir until 1944, when the emirate was abolished. At times in its history many people have migrated to Ibb from areas of Yemen which had been experiencing drought, to find work in farming.[4] In the mid 1950s there was reportedly an outbreak of smallpox in the city.[5]

Climate[edit]

Ibb is located at an altitude of 6,725 feet (2,050 metres) on a spur of Mount Shamāḥī.[6] It has a cool continental climate, and is one of the wettest areas of Yemen,[1] typically receiving 800–1200 mm.

Climate data for Ibb (1950 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
21.1
(70)
23.6
(74.5)
25.5
(77.9)
27.8
(82)
30.1
(86.2)
29.7
(85.5)
27.9
(82.2)
25.7
(78.3)
23.1
(73.6)
21.0
(69.8)
20.8
(69.4)
24.78
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
9.3
(48.7)
10.4
(50.7)
12.7
(54.9)
14.2
(57.6)
16.9
(62.4)
18.8
(65.8)
18.4
(65.1)
15.5
(59.9)
11.1
(52)
8.7
(47.7)
8.1
(46.6)
12.67
(54.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.8
(0.228)
4.6
(0.181)
12.9
(0.508)
16.0
(0.63)
10.2
(0.402)
48.8
(1.921)
150.0
(5.906)
144.6
(5.693)
74.2
(2.921)
32.5
(1.28)
14.1
(0.555)
5.3
(0.209)
519
(20.434)
Source: National Weather Service

Notable landmarks[edit]

Local architecture

The city is noted for its towering stone houses, with geometrical friezes and circular stained glass windows known as qamiriya.[1] The main mosque was built during the Ottoman period, and there are other mosques and also a fortress in the vicinity, closed to visitors. An ancient overhead aqueduct still remains.[7] Ibb University was established in 1996. Ibb also contains and art centre and museum and hotels such as Saba Tourist Hotel and Al-Riyad Hotel.[1] The main football team is Al Sha'ab Ibb.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Carter, Terry; Dunston, Lara (2007). Oman, UAE & Arabian Peninsula. Lonely Planet. p. 484. ISBN 978-1-74104-546-8. 
  2. ^ Wald, Peter (1996). Yemen. Pallas Athene. p. 179. ISBN 978-1-873429-11-2. 
  3. ^ Blumi, Isa (30 July 2010). Chaos in Yemen: Societal Collapse and the New Authoritarianism. Taylor & Francis. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-203-84742-8. 
  4. ^ Burrowes, Robert D. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Yemen. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-8108-5528-1. 
  5. ^ El-Khalidi, Hatem (September 2011). Sojourn in a Dreadful Land (Yemen Chronicles). Dorrance Publishing. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-4349-1197-1. 
  6. ^ "Ibb". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  7. ^ Ingrams, William Harold (1964). The Yemen: Imams, rulers & revolutions. Praeger. p. 31.