Madrid runway disaster

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Madrid runway disaster
Overview of Madrid-Barajas Airport, the site of the disaster.
Accident summary
Date 7 December 1983
Summary Ground collision
Site Madrid-Barajas Airport
Total fatalities 93
Total survivors 42
First aircraft

An Iberia Boeing 727, similar to the one involved.
Type Boeing 727-256 Advanced
Name Jumila
Operator Iberia
Registration EC-CFJ
Flight origin Madrid-Barajas Airport
Destination Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport
Passengers 84
Crew 9
Fatalities 51
Survivors 42
Second aircraft

An Aviaco DC-9, similar to EC-CGS involved.
Type McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32
Name Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Operator Aviaco
Registration EC-CGS
Flight origin Madrid-Barajas Airport
Destination Santander Airport
Passengers 37
Crew 5
Fatalities 42 (all)
Survivors 0

The Madrid runway disaster was the collision on 7 December 1983 of two aircraft on the ground at Madrid-Barajas Airport. A departing Iberia Boeing 727 struck an Aviaco McDonnell Douglas DC-9, causing the deaths of 93 passengers and crew.

The accident[edit]

On 7 December 1983, a Boeing 727 of Iberia (Spain's state airline) registered EC-CFJ was cleared for take-off from Madrid-Barajas Airport's Runway 01 as Flight 350, a scheduled flight to Rome's Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, in conditions of thick fog.[1][2] At the same time, a DC-9 of Aviaco registered EC-CGS was taxiing to the end of the same runway for take-off as Flight 134 bound for Santander Airport.[3] As the Boeing 727 rolled along the runway, the crew of the DC-9 accidentally made a wrong turn in the fog and taxied their aircraft onto the runway, into the path of the 727. The crew of the 727 saw the DC-9 and attempted to avoid the collision by rotating their aircraft for lift-off, however the 727 had not reached flying speed and its rear fuselage struck the DC-9.[2][3] Both aircraft caught fire and were destroyed; all 42 persons on board the DC-9 were killed, while 51 (50 passengers, 1 crew member) of the 93 on board the Boeing 727 were killed.[1][4] Among those killed in the DC-9 was Fanny Cano, a famous Mexican actress. Among those killed on the Boeing 727 was the leading South African pianist Marc Raubenheimer.

Investigation[edit]

Investigators found that the Boeing 727 and DC-9 had collided due to the poor visibility at the airport, as well as inadequate signs and markings, which led to the DC-9 entering the runway without clearance as the Boeing 727 was taking off.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°28′11″N 3°33′46″W / 40.46972°N 3.56278°W / 40.46972; -3.56278