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Iberian refers to Iberia, which has two basic meanings:
- Anything related to, or originating from Kingdom of Iberia i.e. Georgian kingdom of Kartli.
- Someone or something originating in the Iberian Peninsula, namely from Portugal and Spain.
Kingdom of Iberia
- Caucasian Iberians, Greco-Roman designation for Georgians
- Iberian War, fought from 526 to 532 CE between the Eastern Roman Empire and Sassanid Empire over the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia
- Iberian System or Sistema Ibérico
- South-Western Iberian Bronze, Bronze Age culture of southern Portugal and nearby areas of Spain
- Iberians, in general the name the ancient Greeks and Romans gave to the people of the ancient Iberian peninsula and more specifically to one of the ancient Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula (this latter meaning should not be confused with the Celtiberians)
- Iberian Union, a personal union between the crowns of Spain and Portugal from 1580–1640
- Ibero-America, a term since the second half of the 19th century to refer collectively to the countries in the Americas that are of Spanish and Portuguese origin
- Organization of Ibero-American States, an intergovernmental organization, comprising the Portuguese- and Spanish-speaking nations of the Americas and Europe, plus Equatorial Guinea in Africa.
- Daily Iberian, newspaper in New Iberia, Louisiana
- Iberian horse, collective name of horse breeds native to the Iberian Peninsula
- Iberian lynx, critically endangered lynx native to the Iberian Peninsula
- Iberian wolf, subspecies of Grey wolf inhabiting northern Portugal and northwestern Spain
- Iberian gauge, rail gauge used in Spain and Portugal
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