Ibn Abi Asim
|Ibn Abi Asim|
|Born||AH 206 (AD 821/2)
|Died||AH 287 (900)
Abu Bakr Ahmad bin `Amr ad-Dahhak bin Makhlad ash-Shaibani (Arabic: أبو بكرأحمد بن عمرو بن الضحاك بن مخلد الشيباني), widely known as Ibn Abi Asim (Arabic: ابن أبي عاصم), was an influential Iraqi Sunni scholar of the 9th century. He is most famous for his work in the field of hadith science.
Family and early life
Ibn Abi Asim was born in Basra, Iraq in 822. He grew up in an academic household, as both his father and his grandfather were scholars of Prophetic traditions in their own right. Due to his family's scholarly background, he was educated in the religious sciences at an early age. While religious learning was often begun in a madrasa or masjid starting in the early teens, Ibn Abi Asim had a head start relative to his time period.
Ibn Abi Asim died in Isfahan in the year 900. He was 81 years old and at the time of his death, he was still holding his position as a judge. According to Iranian historian Abu Nu`aym, Ibn Abi Asim was buried in Isfahan's Doshabaz cemetery.
Of his written works, the most famous was his book Al-Sunnah, which was a book about Muslim creed. Ibn Abi Asim compiled numerous Prophetic traditions into two volumes, organized into chapters based on different theological and creed-related topics. He had also written about the first-generation Muslim and Umayyad caliph, Mu'awiyah, though the work is now lost. Likewise, the exact topic has eluded historians, with Al-Suyuti claiming it was a book on Mu'awiyah's dreams, while Ibn Hajar referred to it as a book on Mu'awiyah's virtues. It is not known whether the topic Ibn Abi Asim's essay was actually disputed, or if he had simply written about both topics.
Sunni Muslim evaluation
Ahmad bin Hanbal referred to him as being the most knowledgeable person of Islamic jurisprudence in all the city of Basra, a city already known for religious scholarship at that time. Historians Abu al-Abbas al-Niswi and Abu Nu`aym both reported Ibn Abi Asim as having been a Zahirite. Although he has become an important figure for the Zahiri school in the modern day, few of his works in jurisprudence have survived to the modern era.
- "Names of Zahiri Scholars".
- Ibn 'Asakir, "The History of Damascus." Vol. 7, pg. 87.
- Paul M. Cobb, "The Lineaments of Islam: Studies in Honor of Fred McGraw Donner." Pg. 181. Leiden: 2012. Brill Publishers.
- "Ibn Abi Asim" Salafi Publications.
- Kahalah, Mu'jam al-Mu`allifin, v.2, pg.36
- Abu Nu`aym, The History of Isfahan, v.1, pg.55
- Al-Suyuti, History of the Caliphs, edited by Muhammad Abu al-Fadl Ibrahim, Cairo: Dar al-Nahdat Misr li at-Tab' wa al-Nashr, 1976. Pg. 309.
- Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, Fath al-Bari, commentary by Bin Baz and Ali al-Shibl, Riyadh: Dar us Salam, 2000. Vol. 7, pg. 132.
- Al-Dhahabi, Siyar a`lam al-nubala'., v.13, pg.430
- Abu Nu`aym, Dhikr Akhbar Isfahan, v.1, pg.100