Ibn Abi al-Izz

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Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz
Born 1331
Died 1390 (aged 58–59)
Era Medieval era
Region Syria
School Sunni/Hanafi

ʻAlī ibn ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī al-ʻIzz (Arabic: علي بن علي بن محمد بن عبد الرحمن بن ابي العز‎), (1331 CE/731 AH—1390/792) commonly known as Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz.[1] He was a jurist of the Hanafi school and was nicknamed Qāḍī al-Quḍāh (the Judge of Judges).[1]

Biography[edit]

Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz was born in the year 1331 CE/731 AH.[1] He came from a family that had been strong supporters of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. He was originally from Damascus, moved to Egypt and then returned to Damascus.[1] Like most of his family members, Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz served for much of his life as a judge.

Having been educated by his family at an early age, he then commenced teaching aged seventeen at the Qimaziyyah school (built by Ṣārim ad-Dīn Qaimāz قيماز (sometimes: Qaʾimāz قأيماز), a descendent of the warrior Salah ad-Dīn al-Ayyūbi) which specialised in Hanafi jurisprudence. He also gave sermons in Husban for an unspecified period of time.[1] In 1369/771, Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz started teaching at the Rukniyyah school. In June 1377/Muharram 779, he was appointed as judge of Damascus[2] in place of his cousin (Najm ad-Dīn) who had been transferred to Egypt. This was short-lived, however, as Najm ad-Dīn resigned from his new post three months later and returned to his old position in Damascus. As too was Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's subsequent tenure as judge in Egypt, which lasted only a month.[2] He then returned to his previously held positions in Damascus.[2] By 1382, he was teaching at the ʿIzziyyah school, which had been founded by Abu'l Faḍl ʿIzz ad-Dīn Aybak.

Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz became embroiled in a controversy due to his censure of Ibn Aybuk's qaṣĩdah (poem)[1] due to its contents which he held constituted polytheism.[2] Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz was subsequently removed from his position as judge until an individual named al-Nāṣirī raised the issue to the authorities resulting in Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's position being returned.[2] While the Mamluk Sultan Barquq signed an affidavit condemning Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz for his position on December 27, 1382, the poem was eventually discredited and Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's position vindicated.[3] He remained at his position until his death in Damascus[2] in 1390/792.[1][2]

Works[edit]

  • Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah at-Ṭaḥāwiyyah a commentary of the theological work of Imam at-Taḥāwī[2][4] This work has been translated into English as Commentary of at-Tahawi by Ibn Abi al-ʿIzz by Muhammad Abdul-Haqq Ansari at the Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in America (ISBN 9-9600-4323-1).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g al-`Asqalani, Ahmad ibn `Ali. Hashim al-Nadwi and al-Mu`allimi, ed. al-Durar al-Kaminah (in Arabic) 3. Hyderabad, India: Dairah al-Ma`arif al`Uthmania. p. 87. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz, Muḥammad. Introduction. Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah al-Ṭaḥāwiyyah. By Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz. Ed. a group of scholars. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islamiy, 1988. 5—16.
  3. ^ Ibn Qadi Shuhbah, al-I'lam bi Tarikh al-Islam, pg. 89.
  4. ^ Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz, Muḥammad. Introduction. Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah al-Ṭaḥāwiyyah. By Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz. Ed. Aḥmad Muḥammad Shākir. Cairo: Dar al-Turath. 5—8.

External links[edit]