Ibn Abi al-Izz
|Died||1390 (aged 58–59)|
ʻAlī ibn ʻAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Abī al-ʻIzz (Arabic: علي بن علي بن محمد بن عبد الرحمن بن ابي العز), (1331 CE/731 AH—1390/792) commonly known as Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz. He was a jurist of the Hanafi school and was nicknamed Qāḍī al-Quḍāh (the Judge of Judges).
Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz was born in the year 1331 CE/731 AH. He came from a family that had been strong supporters of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. He was originally from Damascus, moved to Egypt and then returned to Damascus. Like most of his family members, Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz served for much of his life as a judge.
Having been educated by his family at an early age, he then commenced teaching aged seventeen at the Qimaziyyah school (built by Ṣārim ad-Dīn Qaimāz قيماز (sometimes: Qaʾimāz قأيماز), a descendent of the warrior Salah ad-Dīn al-Ayyūbi) which specialised in Hanafi jurisprudence. He also gave sermons in Husban for an unspecified period of time. In 1369/771, Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz started teaching at the Rukniyyah school. In June 1377/Muharram 779, he was appointed as judge of Damascus in place of his cousin (Najm ad-Dīn) who had been transferred to Egypt. This was short-lived, however, as Najm ad-Dīn resigned from his new post three months later and returned to his old position in Damascus. As too was Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's subsequent tenure as judge in Egypt, which lasted only a month. He then returned to his previously held positions in Damascus. By 1382, he was teaching at the ʿIzziyyah school, which had been founded by Abu'l Faḍl ʿIzz ad-Dīn Aybak.
Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz became embroiled in a controversy due to his censure of Ibn Aybuk's qaṣĩdah (poem) due to its contents which he held constituted polytheism. Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz was subsequently removed from his position as judge until an individual named al-Nāṣirī raised the issue to the authorities resulting in Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's position being returned. While the Mamluk Sultan Barquq signed an affidavit condemning Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz for his position on December 27, 1382, the poem was eventually discredited and Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz's position vindicated. He remained at his position until his death in Damascus in 1390/792.
|Arabic Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah at-Ṭaḥāwiyyah a commentary of the theological work of Imam at-Taḥāwī This work has been translated into English as Commentary of at-Tahawi by Ibn Abi al-ʿIzz by Muhammad Abdul-Haqq Ansari at the Institute of Islamic and Arabic Sciences in America (ISBN 9-9600-4323-1).
- al-`Asqalani, Ahmad ibn `Ali. Hashim al-Nadwi and al-Mu`allimi, ed. al-Durar al-Kaminah (in Arabic) 3. Hyderabad, India: Dairah al-Ma`arif al`Uthmania. p. 87.
- Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz, Muḥammad. Introduction. Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah al-Ṭaḥāwiyyah. By Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz. Ed. a group of scholars. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islamiy, 1988. 5—16.
- Ibn Qadi Shuhbah, al-I'lam bi Tarikh al-Islam, pg. 89.
- Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz, Muḥammad. Introduction. Sharḥ al-ʻAqīdah al-Ṭaḥāwiyyah. By Ibn Abī al-ʻIzz. Ed. Aḥmad Muḥammad Shākir. Cairo: Dar al-Turath. 5—8.