Ibn Battah

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Ibn Battah al-Hanbali
Born 304 AH
Baghdad
Died 387 AH
Era Medieval era
Region Iraqi scholar
School Hanbali
Influences
Influenced

The Imaam Abu Abdullah `Ubaidullah bin Muhammad bin Battah al-`Ukbari al-Hanbali [known as Ibn Battah] was the Hadeeth Master (Hafidh), the Hanbali Legal Jurist (Faqeeh), and an ascetic. He was born in the year 916 (304 AH) in Ukbaraa, a land close to Baghdad, and died in the year 997 (387 AH).

His father was a Faqeeh and it was under his auspices that he began his studies and he often reports from him in his books. He was sent to Baghdad to study hadeeth while still young, then he travelled to various lands such as Shaam, Basrah, Mecca and Thagur studying under a host of the leading scholars of his time and excelled in aqeedah, hadith and fiqh.[2]

His Teachers[edit]

His teachers included al-Barbahaaree,[1] Abu al-Qasim al-Baghawi (ru), Abu Dharr al-Baghandi, Abu Bakr bin Ziyad an-Naisapuri, Isma`eel al-Warraq, al-Qadi al-Mahamali, Muhammad bin Mukhlid, Abu Talib Ahmad bin Nasr al-Hafidh, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Thabit al-Ukbari, Ali bin Abi al-Aqab, Ahmad bin Ubaid as-Saffar, ibn Sa`id and others.[3]

His Students[edit]

His students included Abu al-Fath bin Abi al-Fawaris, Abu Nu`aym al-Asbahani, Ubaidullah al-Azhari, AbdulAzeez al-Azji, and Abu Ishaq al-Barmaki, Abu Muhammad al-Jawhari, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Eesa as-Sa`si and others.[4]

His Dedication to Knowledge[edit]

He has been praised by more than one Imaam[who?] and was famous for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi said:

Abu Haamid ad-Dawli narrated to me that when Ibn Battah returned from his travels he confined himself to his house for forty years [only rarely going out]. He was not seen in the market place and neither was he seen breaking fast except on the day of Eed. He used to enjoin the good and not a single bad narration [concerning people] would reach him except that he put it in a better light.[5]

Comments from other Muslim scholars[edit]

AbdulWahid bin Ali al-Ukbari said:

I have not seen any of the scholars from the Ashabul Hadeeth or other than them having a better disposition and mannerism than Ibn Battah[6]

Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Atiqi said:

Ibn Battah was a righteous Shaikh, one whose supplications were answered.[7]

Abu al-Fath al-Qawwas said

I mentioned the knowledge and ascetism of ibn Battah to Abu Sa`eed al-Isma`ili and so he went to him. When he returned he commented, "his [knowledge and ascetism] is beyond description.[8]

Abu Mas`ud Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Bajli, the Hafidh said

I have loved the Hanbalis since the day I saw Abu Abdullah bin Battah.[9]

Ibn al-Amad said:

the great Imaam, the Hafidh, Ibn Battah, the Hanbali Faqeeh and righteous servant [of Allah].[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Explanation of the Creed, pg. 11
  2. ^ Adh-Dhahabi, ‘Siyar’ Volume # 16 Page # 529
  3. ^ Ibn Hajr, ‘Lisaan al-Meezaan’ Volume # 4 Page # 133
  4. ^ Ibn Katheer, ‘al-Bidaayah wa an-Nihaayah’ Volume # 11 Pages 368
  5. ^ Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee, ‘Taareekh Baghdaad’ Volume # 10372)
  6. ^ al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee, ‘Taareekh Baghdaad’ Volume # 10 Page #372
  7. ^ Ibn al-Jawzee, ‘al-Muntadhim’ Volume # 7 Page # 194
  8. ^ Al-Asqalani, ‘Lisaan al-Meezaan’ Volume # 4 Page # 134
  9. ^ Ibn Abi Ya`la, ‘Tabaqatul Hanabila’ Volume # 2 Page # 145
  10. ^ Ibn al-Amad, ‘Shadharat adh-Dhahab’ Volume # 3 Page # 122