Ibn Khallikan

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Muslim scholar
Shams al-Dīn Abū Al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Khallikān
Title Chief Judge
Born (1211-09-22)September 22, 1211 in Irbil (now Iraq)
Died October 30, 1282(1282-10-30) (aged 71) in Damascus (now Syria)
Ethnicity Kurdish
Region Middle East
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Shafi'i[1]
Notable work(s) Deaths of Eminent Men and History of the Sons of the Epoch

Shams al-Dīn Abū Al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ibn Khallikān (Arabic: شمس الدين أبو العباس أحمد بن محمد بن خلكان‎, in Kurdish "Ibn Xelikan", the Khallikans are a kurdish tribe) (September 22, 1211 – October 30, 1282) was a 13th Century Shafi'i Islamic scholar of Arab[2] or Kurdish[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] origin.


Ibn Khallikan was born in Arbil, Iraq on September 22, 1211, studied there and in Aleppo and Damascus.[10] He also studied jurisprudence at Mosul and then settled in Cairo.[11] He gained prominence as a jurist, theologian and grammarian.[11] Ibn Khallikan married in the year 1252.[11]

He was an assistant to the chief judge in Egypt until 1261 when he assumed the position of chief judge in Damascus.[10] Ibn Khallikan was removed from this position in 1271, returned to Egypt and taught there until being reinstated as judge in Damascus in the year 1278.[10] He retired from this position in 1281[11] and died in Damascus on October 30, 1282.[10]


Ibn Khallikan's most renowned work is the biographical dictionary entitled Wafayāt al-aʿyān wa-anbāʾ abnāʾ az-zamān (Deaths of Eminent Men and History of the Sons of the Epoch).[10] He began compiling this work in 1256 and continued until 1274, referencing the works of earlier scholars.[10] Deaths of Eminent Men does not include biographies of individuals already sufficiently covered, such as the Islamic Prophet Muhammad and the caliphs.[10] This work has been translated into English by William McGuckin de Slane, (1801–1878), and is over 2,700 pages long.[11]


  1. ^ Lewis, B.; Menage, V.L.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1986) [1st. pub. 1971]. Encyclopaedia of Islam (New Edition). Volume III (H-Iram). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 832. ISBN 9004081186. 
  2. ^ (Ed.) Kenneth M. Setton, Harry Williams Hazard, Norman P. Zacour, A History of the Crusades: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe, University of Wisconsin Press, 1990, s. 681.
  3. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=PEXJelJiwh4C&pg=PA31&lpg=PA31&dq=ibn+khallikan+origin+kurd&source=bl&ots=E0BSe52lOU&sig=PPtIi6QRYMW-eaxR3ahaMaLtY2k&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=_bl2UaHeENOS7AaoqIDYCQ&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=ibn%20khallikan%20origin%20kurd&f=false (A travers deux siècles, Le Caveau, société bachique et chantante: 1726-1939 Par Université de Paris IV: Paris-Sorbonne. Institut de recherches sur les civilisations de l'Occident moderne. Colloque,Brigitte Leve)
  4. ^ Firoozeh Papan-Matin. "Beyond Death: The Mystical Teachings of ʻAyn Al-Quḍāt Al-Hamadhānī". p. 97-98 The famous Kurdish medieval biographer Abū Al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn al-Khallikān..
  5. ^ http://www.kurdishacademy.org/?q=node/773 (According to the british kurdish academy of london, ibn kahlikkan is kurdish)
  6. ^ http://www.wdl.org/fr/search/?contributors=Ibn%20Khallik%C4%81n%2C%201211-1282#7448 (According to the Egyptian "bibliotheca alexandrina" , ibn khallikan is kurdish)
  7. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=xLwWYCuZgDYC&pg=PA515&lpg=PA515&dq=ibn+khallikan+origin+kurd&source=bl&ots=ByHJm91tZk&sig=NAQ5j2FuIEL6hUfUHZiXpl0m4Qo&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=Gb52UZfLAo6Q7Aa9poEQ&ved=0CEAQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage&q=ibn%20khallikan%20origin%20kurd&f=false (Ibn Khallikan book's "kurds are not persians...")
  8. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=q_189OeDwSMC&pg=PA500&lpg=PA500&dq=ibn+khallikan+origin+kurd&source=bl&ots=zM87taRAzJ&sig=kyDbZNo4TwkxBa5oaYtXXmmJsm8&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=Gb52UZfLAo6Q7Aa9poEQ&ved=0CFMQ6AEwBTgK#v=onepage&q=ibn%20khallikan%20origin%20kurd&f=false (According to the journal "Encyclopaedic Ethnography of Middle-East and Central Asia: A-I. vol. 1, Volume 1 ", Ibn Khallikan is a Kurdish intellectuel)
  9. ^ http://books.google.fr/books?id=UZU3AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1155&lpg=PA1155&dq=ibn+khallikan+origin+kurd&source=bl&ots=B9FPIWvTxX&sig=3TpiwjPPbHZlhM93opp2quT5atE&hl=fr&sa=X&ei=fsB2UevMIdOThgffkoHABQ&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage&q=ibn%20khallikan%20origin%20kurd&f=false (According to the british historian "E.J.BRILL", "first encyclopaedia of islam", printed in 1913 and 1936, Ibn Khallian is kurdish)
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Ibn Khallikān". 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Ibn Khallikan". Humanistic Texts.org. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 


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