Ibn al‐Bannāʾ al‐Marrākushī al-, also known as Azdi Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Azdi. ( Arabic: ابن البنّاء) [29) December 1256 – c. 1321), was a Moroccan mathematician, astronomer, Islamic scholar, Sufi, and a one-time astrologer.
Al-Marrakushi on the Moon is named after him.
Biography [ edit ]
Ibn al-Banna' (lit. the son of an architect) was born in
Marrakesh in 1256. Having learned basic mathematical and geometrical skills he proceeded to translate [1 ] Euclid's Elements into Arabic. [1 ]
Ibn al-Banna' wrote between 51 to 74 treatises, encompassing such varied topics as
Algebra, Astronomy, Linguistics, Rhetoric, and Logic. One of his works, called Talkhīṣ ʿamal al-ḥisāb (, includes topics such as fractions, sums of squares and cubes etc. Another, called Arabic, تلخيص عمل الحساب ) (Summary of arithmetical operations) Tanbīh al-Albāb, covers topics related to: [2 ]
calculations regarding the drop in irrigation canal levels,
arithmetical explanation of the
Muslim laws of inheritance determination of the hour of the
Asr prayer, explanation of frauds linked to instruments of measurement,
enumeration of delayed prayers which have to be said in a precise order,and
calculation of legal tax in the case of a delayed payment
Yet another work by Ibn al-Banna' was
Rafʿ al-Ḥijāb (Lifting the Veil) which included topics such as computing square roots of a number and theory of continued fractions. This work was also the first mathematical work since [1 ] Brahmagupta to use an algebraic notation, which was then further developed by his successor Abū al-Hasan ibn Alī al-Qalasādī two centuries later. [3 ]
See also [ edit ]
^ a b c G. Sarton: Introduction to the History of Science; The Carnegie Institution; Washington; 1927; vol 2; p. 998.
^ A Djebbar: Mathematics in medieval Maghreb; AMUCHMA-Newsletter 15; Universidade Pedagógico (UP), Maputo (Mozambique), 15.9.1995.
^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "al-Marrakushi ibn Al-Banna", , MacTutor History of Mathematics archive University of St Andrews .
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
Ahmed Jabbar and Mohammed Ablagh : "Life and Works of Ibn al-Banaa al-Murrakushi", Publication of the Faculty of Letters, Rabat, 2001
External links [ edit ]