Ibo Bonilla

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“El Fortín”: simbol of Heredia, located in Heredia, Costa Rica

Ibo Bonilla Oconitrillo (Alajuela, 1951) is an architect, sculptor, mathematician and educator of Costa Rica. He has Costa Rican and Spanish nationality.

He is known mainly because of the creation of Bioclimatic Buildings and his Monuments in Public Square.[1]

Biography[edit]

Ibo Bonilla, known as “Professor Ibo”, was born in Sarchí, a town of Alajuela recognized as the cradle of Art in Costa Rica. He has traveled all around the world, carried out different jobs, and graduated in different professions: he is an Architect, Sculptor, Mathematic, and Pedagogue of the Costa Rica University, Technician in Management and Evaluation of Quality from the Polytechnical University of Valencia, Spain, and a Master Degree in Businesses Administration from the European Businesses School of Spain.[2] At this moment he counsels a Consultant Engineers Company [3] and works for his own Architecture Company.[4]

He is the first graduated Architect in Costa Rica, 1977 (before, they did it out of Costa Rica) and the first Costa Rican Architect incorporated as an Architect in Spain.[5]

Professional career[edit]

Architect[edit]

In the academic field, the definition of architecture given by Ibo Bonilla has become a benchmark: “Architecture is to sculpture the space in order to satisfy physical, emotional, and spiritual needs, protecting the results with a harmonic skin possessing aesthetic, techniques, and place, from the moment it is performed.” “Architecture is to model social meta-skin with art.” “… When the skin becomes preponderant due to its aesthetic value, it tends to be sculpture, if the predominance is technical, it tends to be construction engineering, if the emphasis is the location, it tends to be landscaping, if there is harmony amongst all the systems, we are in the presence of a very good architectural work. Each work has its proportion and the right measure is the work of the architect, that if there is a dialogue and synthesis of poetic synergism, then we have a work of art.”[6][7]

His works are between the following sectors:

Public Buildings

Latin American of Science and Technology University (ULACIT), Centroamerican Roche Headquoters, Bank of Cathay of Costa Rica, Ocony’s Companies, Radiotherapy Center of Irazú, Ibero American Hospital, Ibero American Geriatric Clinic, Sea and Sun Condominium, 352 Figurama Cosmetic Clinics, several Clinics for National Institute of Insurances, etc.

Houses

More than 2 million square meters in residences of all type, cost, location, singularity and level.

Urban renovation

Total Remodeling of Central Bank of Costa Rica, International Bank of Costa Rica, Culture Square, Gold Pre-Columbian Museum, Square and Sculptural Garden of the Central Bank of Costa Rica, Walk of National Hero of the University Estatal a Distancia, Costa Rican Square of Justice, etc.[8]

Bioclimatic architecture and Landscape[9]

Scientific Center Tropical OET, Experience Tropical Cultural Center, Latin American University of Science and Technology (ULACIT), Wilson Botanical Garden and Cruces Biological Station, Natural Reserve the Marta, Botanical Garden Cusingas, Professors Recreational Center, Kekoldi Ornithological Observatory, National Park of Corcovado, Manuel Antonio National Park, Braulio Carrillo National Park, Guayabo Archeological Park, Coco’s Island Museum and laboratories, etc.

Works with emphasis in ecological tourism, and rural tourism[10]

More than 30 echo-tourist stations with different type from physical and logistic infrastructure in indigenous communities and farmers located around to National Parks and Natural Reserves, like Buenos Aires de Talamanca, Yorkín de Bribrí, Kekoldi de Talamanca, Carbon Dos Farm, El Silencio Dominical, La Marta Farm in Turrialba, Tres Colinas of Potrero Grande, Zeta Trece of San Carlos, Bijagua de Upala, El Toro Waterfalls in Sarchí, etc.

Sculptor[edit]

His sculpture works or pieces are located in public Parks, museums, galleries and private collections in different parts of the world. Their themes are the tropical biodiversity, the feelings, the near perception and the woman. His works are made with different techniques and materials: carving of wood, to sculpt stone and metal; molding in clay and drained later in different materials; experiments with different products like glass, quartz, lava, resins, ceramics, iron and cement, etc.

He has specialized in medium format (of 70 to 200 centimeters of height) for interiors and big format with monumental sculptures and sculptural walls.

He has participated in several collective and individual exhibitions, as well as in multiple workshops and seminaries of painting and sculpture in Costa Rica and Spain.

Among his well known works they are:

  • “El Obelisko Fi”, that is a melt statue in bronze and that represents the National Prize of Architecture, granted every two years by the School of Architects of Costa Rica,[11]
  • “ Cercanías”, a sculpture of 3.80 meters of height that is in the Sculpture Park of Barva next to recognized works of sculptors of several countries,
  • “Naturaleza Asediada”, lava sculpture, articulated in two pieces exposed in the museums of the Plaza de la Cultura Museumn in San José, Costa Rica,
  • "Amar y Brio”, two Diorita rocks sculptures, with 2 meters of height, located in the entrance to Puebla Real Condominium in Heredia, Costa Rica.[12]
  • "Spiral of Success", a set of three steel sculptures ocated in Terra Campus, Tres Ríos. With 17.8m (58.4 feet), it is the highest in Costa Rica.[13] While it is claimed to be inspired by the Flower of Life and related symbols (Seed of Life, Fruit of Life),[14] the actually realized hexagonal patterns show no intersecting circles and therefore cannot be ascribed to those.

Teaching[edit]

From 1972 he has worked like professor in Universidad Autonoma of Central America, Universidad of Costa Rica, Universidad de las Ciencias y el Arte, Mons. Odio, School, San Agustín University and others, in different subjects and careers:

  • Mathematics in several levels and careers,
  • Architecture Semiotics,
  • Architecture Field Theory,
  • Architectonic Design,
  • Communication Theory for Advertising Design Career,

Besides he is a tutor, reader and advisory of Thesis in various careers. He is recognized in the academic area because of his effort in forming professionals concerned with solidarity and social responsibility.

Conferencing[edit]

Gives conferences on bio climatic architecture, geotecture, sustainable construction, green building, cultural heritage, art, architecture, and pedagogue in different congresses, symposiums, universities and forums, with emphasis in the socially coexistence responsible and the biodiversity protection.[15][16][17]

Business administrator[edit]

He is specialized in the social and solidarity function of the work, with programming emphasis, goals definition and human resources valuation, within the frame of a “culture of solid and shared company”. The social ethics is the central subject of its course Theory of the Communication, for the publicity career. He has written articles on “symbiosis and commensalism in the trade ", “loves and hatred for a product in study ", “the proxemic and the efficiency in the offices”, educative administration, etc. It is possible to mention its gratuitous collaboration with other causes like: indigenous associations and farmers: generating activities productive which they improve its standard of life, like alternative to operation of forest and the emigration to the city, of center and old centers attention of attention stop people infected with AIDS, with the objective to canalize social solidarity towards sectors unprotected.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Miguel Schultz. Diario Despertar, México, Hacia una arquitectura sustentable, 2009
  2. ^ Ovidio Ramírez. Revista Punta Leona,Ibo Bonilla: Hacedor de profesiones y de sueños, 2009
  3. ^ Vigauno, ingenieros consultores
  4. ^ Valdesol.
  5. ^ Escuela de Arquitectura de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Ibo Bonilla: primer graduado, 1977
  6. ^ Buenas Tareas Como definen la arquitectura arquitectos famosos
  7. ^ Buenas Tareas Qué es arquitectura?
  8. ^ Revista Facdearq UABJO. Ibo Bonilla y la Carta Latinoamericana de Oaxaca: Intervención en Sitios de Patrimonio Histórico 2008
  9. ^ Randall Zúñiga. Revista Su Casa: Arquitectura y Diseño, Cuatro proyectos bioclimáticos de Ibo Bonilla
  10. ^ Revista Nuevos Horizontes ACNHAC, México. Conferencia de Ibo Bonilla: El otro turismo, la otra arquitectura, 2009
  11. ^ Revista Su Casa, Costa Rica.Centro Cultural ETC, Premio Nacional de Arquitectura, Obelisco Fi, 2010
  12. ^ Centro Cultural ETC. Galería en Línea
  13. ^ Randall Zúñiga. Revista Su Casa: Arquitectura y Diseño, El jardín de Ibo
  14. ^ "Conjunto escultórico: Espiral del Èxito" (in Spanish). iboenweb.com. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  15. ^ Resumen de la conferencia en la LXXXII Asamblea Nacional de la FCARM, México.
  16. ^ Fuey Yin Lee. Revista Arkitecton, Conferencia de Ibo Bonilla: Identidad cultural y globalización, 2010
  17. ^ Instituto de arquitetos do Brasil. Conferencia Internacional Desenvolvimento em Cidades de Fronteira: Ibo Bonilla 2009

Literature[edit]

  • Troyo, Elena, ed. (1998). Historia de la Arquitectura en Costa Rica. Fundación Museos Banco Central, San José. ISBN 9968-9795-4-6. 
  • Low, Setha, ed. (2000). On the Plaza: The Politics of Public Space and Culture. University of Texas, Texas. ISBN 978-0-292-74714-2. 
Specialized magazines
  • Salazar, Abel (2007). Premio Nacional de Arquitectura. Arquitectura. Habitar, Revista de Arquitectura y Diseño. ISSN 1659-2379. 
  • Salazar, Abel (2008). Entre amigos ...una entrevista colectiva. Arquitectura. Habitar, Revista de Arquitectura y Diseño. ISSN 1659-2379. 

External links[edit]